Proceedings of the 4th 2016 International Conference on Material Science and Engineering (ICMSE 2016)

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94 articles
Proceedings Article

Catalytic Oxidation Desulfurization over PTA-dispersed MIL-101 under Mild Conditions

Yong Liu, Jian-Fei Bai, Xiao-Hong Yin, Hong-Tao Duan, Yan-Fei Zhang
With H2O2 as oxidant, phosphotungstic acid (PTA) was used as heterogeneous oxidation desulfurization catalyst via immobilizing on porous MIL-101. By combining the catalytic activity of PTA with the adsorption property of supporter MIL-101, 91.2% of dibenzothiophene (DBT) in model fuel has been removed....
Proceedings Article

Formic Acid Oxidation Catalytic Properties of Pd Nanoclusters Prepared by Physical Vapor Deposition

Cheng-Wei Lin, Qing Luo, Meng Lei, Lai-Sen Wang, Dong-Liang Peng
A series of narrow size distribution nanocluster-assembled Pd films with ultraclean surfaces have been synthesized by plasma-gas-condensation cluster deposition system at different substrate temperatures. The electrocatalytic oxidation of formic acid on nanoclusters-assembled Pd film were studied. Cyclic...
Proceedings Article

Synthesis of Monoclinic scheelite BiVO4 by Simple Precipitation Method and Photocatalytic Performance under Visible-light Irradiation

Yong-Qing Zhai, Yan-Jie Yin, Wan Zhang, Cong-Cong Liu, Xiao Liu
Visible-light responsive photocatalyst BiVO4 were synthesized by simple precipitation method, following by calcination process. The phase structure, morphology, specific surface area and optical absorption properties of as-synthesized BiVO4 were characterized by XRD, SEM, BET, UV-Vis DRS and FTIR, respectively....
Proceedings Article

Arsenic BCR Three-Step Sequential Extraction and Microbial Community's Response Research in Soil Polluted by Steel-Smelting with Depth

Li-Kun Li, Ling-Chen Kang, Li-Jun Lu, Lei Zhang, Gai-Feng Xue
Five soil samples in different depths of a site in the close vicinity of a Wuhan iron and steel factory (Core 1) were collected. One uncontaminated soil profile (Core 2) was taken for reference purpose. The soil arsenic content and speciation vertical distribution patterns were analyzed by inductively...
Proceedings Article

Thiolate Complexes Catalyst in Noble-Metal-Free System for Light-driven Hydrogen Production

Guang-Yan Li, Da-Tian Fu, Xiu-Lan Cai
In this paper, Fe thiolate complexes Fe(phen(pyS)2 (M) were synthesized and the properties of complexes were characterized by 1H-NMR and MS. The effects of reaction conditions on performanceof Fe thiolate complexes Fe(phen(pyS)2had been studied. The results of catalytic performance implied thatwhen 2.0...
Proceedings Article

Fe Thiolate Complexes Catalyst in Photocatalysis System for Hydrogen Production from Water

Xiao-Xin Yang, Da-Tian Fu, Xiu-Lan Cai
Fe thiolate complexes Fe(bpy)(pyS)2 (M) were synthesized, the properties of complexes were characterized by 1H-NMR and MS and the effects of reaction conditions on catalytic performance had been studied. The results indicated that when the pH value of catalysis system was 11.6, ethanol/water was used...
Proceedings Article

Effects of Reaction Conditions on Hydrogen Production of Fe Complexes Catalyst in Photocatalysis System

Yuan Yang, Da-Tian Fu, Xiu-Lan Cai
Fe thiolate complexes Fe(bpy)(pyS)2 (M) were synthesized, the properties of complexes were characterized by 1H-NMR and MS and the effects of reaction conditions on catalytic performance had been studied. The results of catalytic performance implied that when 5% triethylamine was used as electron donor,...
Proceedings Article

Effects of Process Conditions on Hydrogen Production of Fe Complexes Catalyst in Noble-Metal-Free System

Chuang Zhang, Da-Tian Fu, Xiu-Lan Cai
In this paper, Fe thiolate complexes Fe(phen)(pyS)2 (M) were synthesized, the properties of complexes were characterized by 1H-NMR and MS. The effects of reaction conditions on catalytic performance of catalyst M had been studied. The results of catalytic performance indicated that the optimal reaction...
Proceedings Article

Preparation of Keratin and PEO Blended Nanofibers Applied to Air Filtration

Cheng Huang, Xu-Hong Yang
The keratin was extracted from the wool by sodium sulfite dissolving system. And then different ratios of keratin/polyethylene oxide (PEO) formic acid solution were prepared. The rheological properties and conductivity of solution were studied. The influence of the proportion of keratin/PEO formic acid...
Proceedings Article

Experimental Research on Wastewater Reuse Technology of Industrial Circulating Cooling Water System

Li-Hui Zhang, Zhen-Fa Liu, Ru-Hui Guo
By means of decrease of hardness, neutralization and desalination union technology, the drained wastewater of industrial circulating cooling water system can be treated. The purified water quality (total hardness and calcium ion components) is greatly better than fresh water, and completely can be reused...
Proceedings Article

Adsorption Properties of Methylene Blue on ODA-Hectorite: Equilibrium, Kinetic Studies

Jun Ma, Su-Yan Tian, Shan-Liang Mu, Shao-Lei Xie, Rong-Jian Ying
The octadecylamine-hectorite composite (ODA-hectotie) has been designed and synthesized. The composite is used for removal of methylene blue (MB) from aqueous solution. Research concerning the effects of pH, composite dose, initial dye concentration and temperature are presented and discussed. Experiment...
Proceedings Article

Advances in Composites Based on the Palygorskite Mineral Nanofibers

Zhuo Liu, Xu-Dong Wang, Jin Wu
Synthetic nanomaterials have the disadvantages of large-scale investment, high energy consumption, complex production process and heavy environmental load. Palygorskite mineral nanofibers are typical porous materials widely existing in nature and have the advantage of high surface area, moderate cation...
Proceedings Article

Progress on Bioselenium Researches

Long-Chen Shang, Chi Zhang, Xin-Ping Liu
For the past few years, selenium has permeated various fields in the life science with its strong vitality, and this fields expanded rapidly. In this paper, research progress on macromolecular bioselenium, especially on selenoproteins, selenium-nucleic acids and the selenium polysaccharides were summarized....
Proceedings Article

Efficient Protocol for Introducing Regeneration of Adventitious Buds from Hypocotyl Explants in Jatropha curcas L.

Ying Liu, Su-Fang Niu, Jian-Nong Lu, Sen Chen, Ya-Fei Wang, Hong-Bo Zhu, Lin-Feng Li, Yu-Zhen Shi, Xue-Gui Yin
A new strategy of high concentration short duration treatment of Thidiazuron (TDZ) for enhancing adventitious buds formation from hypocotyl explants were attempted in Jatropha curcas. The best shoot buds induction (81.91%) and number of buds per explant (10.16) were obtained from hypocotyl explants treated...
Proceedings Article

High Concentration of Thidiazuron Stimulates Adventitious Bud Regeneration from Cotyledon Explants in Jatropha curcas

Ying Liu, Hong-Bo Zhu, Jian-Nong Lu, Lin-Feng Li, Yu-Zhen Shi, Xue-Gui Yin
A high-frequency protocol for induction of adventitious buds and plant regeneration from cotyledon explant of Jatropha curcas is described. The cotyledon explants of J. curcas cultured directly onto medium containing Thidiazuron (TDZ) induced regeneration of only poor quality adventitious buds that had...
Proceedings Article

Coloration Of Calcium Alginate Fiber With Base Dye

Ying-Jie Guo, Yang-Shan Li, Zhong-Jun Fu, Hao-Fei Huang
In this work, a base dye was applied to the dyeing of calcium alginate fiber. The dyeing properties, including dyeing time, pH and temperature, were studied. The results showed that this dye had good affinity to alginate fiber, and the dyeing fastness was also good. This research may provide a new approach...
Proceedings Article

Preparation, Surface Acidity and Catalytic Esterification Activity of Solid Acid S2O2-8/TiO2-La2O3

Jie-Yu He, Hui Wang, De-Zhong Liao, Yun-Kang Jin
Solid acid S2O2-8/TiO2-La2O3 (STL) was prepared by calcination at high temperature using complex oxide of TiO2 doped La2O3 as the supporter, and anion S2O2-8 as the accelerant. The catalytic synthesis of n-butyl propanoate over STL was selected as the probe reaction to examine its catalytic esterification...
Proceedings Article

Synthesis and Properties of 1-[2-methyl-5-(9-anthracyl)-3-thienyl]-2-[2-methyl-5-(4-n-pentyl phenyl)-3-thienyl]perfluoroyclopentene

Peng Liu, Hong-Liang Liu, Zhi-Hui Zhang
An unsymmetrical photochromic diarylethene, 1-(2-methyl-5-(9-anthracyl)-3-thienyl) -2-[2-methyl-5-(4-n-pentylphenyl)-3-thienyl] perfluorocyclopentene was synthesized at first. Its photochromic and fluorescence properties were investigated in detail. This compound exhibited reversible photochromism, changing...
Proceedings Article

Synthesis and Photochromism Studies of 1-[3,5-dimethyl-4-isoxazolyl]-2-[2-methyl-5-acetenyl-3-thienyl] Perfluorocyclopentene

Nian-Sheng Wang, Ren-Jie Wang, Xiao-Xia Zhang
A new unsymmetrical photochromic diarylethene 1- [3,5-dimethyl-4-isoxazolyl] -2-[2-methyl-5-acetenyl-3-thienyl] perfluorocyclopentene has been synthesized. Its photochromic in hexane solution and kinetics experiment were investigated in detail. The result indicated that this diarylethene had reversible...
Proceedings Article

Synthesis and Application of 1,2-bis-[2-methyl-5-(3-pentyl)phenyl-3-thienyl]perfluorocyclopentene

Sheng-Zu Qu, Chun-Hong Zheng, Shou-Zhi Pu
A photochromic diarylethene 1, 2-bis-[2-methyl-5-(3-pentyl) phenyl-3-thienyl] perfluorocyclopentene was synthesized and characterized. Its properties, such as photochromism and fluorescence were investigated systematically. Upon irradiation with UV light, it underwent a reversible transformation from...
Proceedings Article

Influence of Na2O Content on Lattice Structures of Iron Oxides during Reduction Process of Fe2O3 Briquetting

Guo-Ping Luo, Quan Sun, Yong-Bin Wang, Jian-Guo Zhu
In order to fill up the deficiency of the theoretical basis about reduction swelling during Bayan Obo iron concentrate roasting and reduction process, The influence of Na2O content on lattice structures of iron oxides at different reduction stages of Fe2O3 briquetting has been investigated by using the...
Proceedings Article

Influence of Temperature and Proportion on Mechanism of Hectorite by Hydrothermal Synthesis

Su-Yan Tian, Jun Ma, Rong-Jian Ying, Shao-Lei Xie, Shan-Liang Mu
The properties of hectorite was strongly affected by their microstructures and purity. Here NaxLixMg3-xSi4O10(OH)2ú4H2O multilayer pancakelike structures were fabricated successfully by hydrothermal reaction of Na2SiO3ú9H2O, MgCl2ú6H2O and LiClúH2O in autoclave at 473K. The synthesis process of hectorite...
Proceedings Article

Synthesis of Aminoethylpiperazine/Formaldehyde Modified Lignin Amine Asphalt Emulsifier and Its Investigation by Online FTIR Spectrophotometry

Lai-Shun Shi, Tian-Yao Wang, Meng Chen, De-Mei Li, Cun-Fei Ma
A new cationic type asphalt emulsifier of aminoethylpiperazine/formaldehyde modified lignin amine was synthesized by the reaction of lignin, N-aminoethylpiperazine, sodium hydroxide and formaldehyde. The synthesis process was detected by online FTIR technique and the intermediate was found. Based upon...
Proceedings Article

Case Study on Pulse DC Electric Field for Weakening Interfacial Film of Aging Oil

Yun-Feng Sun, Yang Liu, Lei Zhang, Meng-Meng Xu
Coalescence effect of the surface disposal devices is greatly impacted by the large amount of aging oil because of its complicated interfacial properties, which heavily affects oil production. The typical aging oil properties are evaluated, interfacial properties and the causes of formation are discussed...
Proceedings Article

Ultrasonic-assisted Ethanol Extraction of Bioactive Substance from Clinacanthus nutans

Qun Yu, Zhen-Hua Duan, Bing Liu, Wei-Wen Duan, Yan Liu
Polyphenols, flavonoids, triterpenoid and VitaminC from Clinacanthus nutans were extracted by ultrasonic-assisted ethanol extraction. The optimal extracting conditions were established as ethanol as solvent, ultrasound treatment time 35min, solid-liquid ratio 1:45 (g/ml), ethanol concentration 70% and...
Proceedings Article

Analysis on Spontaneous Combustion of the Jurassic Coal Based on Low-temperature Oxidation

Gen-Yin Cheng, Shan Feng, Zhen-Lei Niu, YI-Fei Zhou
The Jurassic coal of NW China has huge recoverable reserves but large spontaneous combustion tendency. Studying on spontaneous combustion mechanism of Jurassic coal is behind of the East and north of the Carboniferous Permian. Therefore, understanding the status of fire prevention of Jurassic seam of...
Proceedings Article

Experimental Study on Uniaxial Compressive Strength of Cement Mortar with Recycled Lightweight Aggregate

Xiang-Gang Zhang, Fang Wang, Peng Wang, Sheng-Bo Zhou
In order to study uniaxial compressive strength of the recycled lightweight aggregate cement mortar test cubes, replacement rate of recycled lightweight aggregate was selected as variables factors, uniaxial compression test of cement mortar was carried out with the use of five different recycled lightweight...
Proceedings Article

Experimental study of soft rock polymer cement solidification

Xin-Xi Liu, Ping Zhang
The paper background is based on the soft rock slope of Yizhou--Liuzhai highway in Guangxi province. Polymer cement curing agents are used to reinforcement the soft rock slope to prevent or slow the soft rock slope softening and disintegration, improve long-term stability of soft rock slope engineering....
Proceedings Article

Study On The Mechanical Properties Of Steel Bar Under The Synergy Of Corrosion And Fatigue Load

Si-Feng Zhang, Shuai-Shuai Ma, Xue-Feng Chen, Mu-Liang Zhang
The synergy of fatigue load and corrosion can affect the mechanical properties of the steel bar, and accelerate its fracture damage. On the basis of different cycles of fatigue load on the bar, four-month corrosion under the action of acid or alkali medium test was carried out. Then the synergy effect...
Proceedings Article

Effects of Vacancy on Mechanical Properties of Single-Crystal -TiAl based on Molecular Dynamics Simulation

Hai-Yan Li, Rui-Cheng Feng, Hui Cao
To investigate the effect of vacancy concentrations on mechanical properties of single crystal -TiAl, the uniaxial tension tests of -TiAl alloy models at different vacancy based on molecular dynamics simulation was performed. The results shows that obvious brittle behavior in stress-strain curve and...
Proceedings Article

Creep Deformation and Fracture Behaviors of Ultra-Purified Ferritic Stainless Steel 429Mo With Nb and Ti Dual Stabilization

Cai-Hong Ying, Tian-Long Liu, Li-Jia Chen, Lian-Quan Guo
In order to clarify the creep deformation and fracture behaviors of ultra-purified ferritic stainless steel 429Mo for automotive exhaust systems, the creep behaviors of 429Mo steel at 650øC and different applied stress levels were investigated through performing the creep tests and the microstructural...
Proceedings Article

Mechanics Capability and Structure of Ion Nitrocarburized Layer of 42MnCr52 Steel

Chun-Yang Liu, Chun-Hua Hu, Zhi-Jie Sun, Long Li
The ion nitrocarburized layer was prepared on the surface of 42MnCr52 steel sample by using the ion nitrocarburizing process. The nitrocarbonide grains and holes all in smaller scale distribute equably. The nitrocarbonide surface layer is about 18 æm in thickness. The ion nitrocarburized layer is composed...
Proceedings Article

Pearlite Spheroidization Mechanism and Lifetime Prediction of 12Cr1MoV Steel used in Power Plant

Qiu-Hong Zhao, Bin Jiang, Jia-Mei Wang
High temperature aging method was used to accelerate the aging process of 12Cr1MoV steel which is mainly used as pressure vessel, steam pipes and so on. The evolution of the microstructure and mechanical property was systematically investigated during the process. It is revealed that during the aging...
Proceedings Article

Mechanical Property Research for Recycled Concrete Injected with Self-Compacting Mortar

Guo-Chen Sang, Li Cui, Xiao-Gen Tong, Yi-Yun Zhu, Qin Zhao
Due to the poor workability of recycled concrete caused by heavy water absorption, coarse surface and multiple spaces of recycled coarse aggregate, it is proposed that pre-allocated self-compacting mortar shall be adopted to prepare recycled concrete, which solves such problems arising from poor workability...
Proceedings Article

Effects of Fly Ash Microsphere on Flowability and Cohesiveness of Cement Paste

Jia-Jian Chen, Pui-Lam Ng, Leo Gu, LI Albert, Kwok-Hung Kwan
This study evaluates the effects of fly ash microsphere (FAM) on the flowability and cohesiveness performance of cement paste. FAM is a superfine fly ash captured from the coal-fired power stations. It has a mean particle size of around 2 mm and is of spherical shape. An experimental program comprising...
Proceedings Article

Stable Properties of NbAl3 under High Pressure: Theoretical Predictions and First-Principles Calculations

Zhen Jiao, Qi-Jun Liu, Fu-Sheng Liu, Zheng-Tang Liu
Nb-Al alloy compounds are expected to be high temperature structural materials. However, the low toughness and poor oxidation resistance are the main obstacles to hinder Nb-Al intermetallics from applications. In this paper, a new monoclinic phase of NbAl3 was proposed by particle swarm optimization....
Proceedings Article

The Influence of Tensile Rate on The Tensile Fracture Process of PA6

Jun Dai, Yu-Zhu Xiong, Xin Li, Ling-Feng Cui
In this paper, we researched the influence of tensile rate on the tensile fracture process of PA6. The results showed that with the increase of tensile rate, the yield strength of PA6 was on the rise, and the elongation at break was on the decline. The elongation at break declined sharply when the tensile...
Proceedings Article

Torsional Property of Mg-Gd-Y-Zr Magnesium Alloy

Wen-Jie Guo, Li-Jie Cao, Yu-Juan Wu
The torsion behavior tests on Mg-Gd-Y-Zr magnesium alloy have performed before and after liquid nitrogen cryogenic treatment (CT) by torsional test machine. The experimental results show that the torsional strength and plasticity of the alloys have been significantly improved after CT 72h and 96h, compared...
Proceedings Article

Structural Fatigue Life Prediction Based on ANSYS Random Vibration Analysis

Song Tao, Bin Chen, Xing-Jun Fan
Fatigue failure is one of the main reasons for the engineering structure's failure, and it is of great significance to predict fatigue life of structure. This paper briefly introduced the principle of stochastic fatigue failure calculation analysis, andÿanalyzed random vibration of aÿT-shaped structure...
Proceedings Article

Strengthen Method of the Shear Keys in Adjacent Concrete Box-beam Bridges Using High Performance Grouting Material

Fa-Ke Cheng, Tong-Ning Wang, Dong-Xu Liu, Wei-Hong Yan
Adjacent concrete box-beam bridges are widely used in short and medium span bridges. However, this bridge system has long term durability issues caused by shear key failure and reflective cracking in the upper. This paper investigates a new maintenance method of shear key joint. High performance grouting...
Proceedings Article

Development of Transient Damage Behaviors of Copper Alloys under High Velocity Sliding Electrical Contact

Bao-Yu Zhang, Xin-Ge Guo, Wei Huang, Wei-Ming Huang
The transient damage problems of copper alloys are the central topic for improving the accuracy and lifetime of electromagnetic launcher. The research works on transient damage behaviors of copper alloys under high-speed sliding electrical contact during the past two decades were summarized in this paper...
Proceedings Article

A Bidirectional Walk Method of Random Polygon Aggregate for Two-dimensional Concrete Model

Zheng Chen, Yu-Liu Wei, Wei-Ying Liang, Wo-Cheng Huang
The distribution of aggregates is intensive at the bottom of concrete model but scarce at the top position when polygon aggregates are packed by traditional random walking algorithm. In order to simulate the randomness of aggregates distribution more effectively and realistically, a bidirectional walk...
Proceedings Article

High Temperature Performance Prediction Model of GAC-20 Modified Asphalt Mixture

Zhao-Hui Sun, Shuo Zhang, Guang-Qiang Zhu, Qing Li
25 groups of GAC-20 modified asphalt mixture are designed by referencing the orthogonal design method, the high temperature rutting test are carried out , the related model of the fractal dimension and the high temperature performance evaluation index dynamic stability is established by using fractal...
Proceedings Article

An Engineering Approach for Elastic-Plastic J-Integral of Surface Cracks in Plates Using the Nonlinear Line-Spring Model

Jing Wu, Jie-Hong Yuan, Yuan Li
In this paper, a nonlinear line-spring model with new plastic constitutive relations for the line-spring is presented based on the fully plastic solutions of the single-edge cracked strip subjected to pure tension and pure bending. Numerical solutions of J-integral which characterizes the amplitude of...
Proceedings Article

The Exploring Research on Principle of Bionics For the Preparation of Wood Composite Material

Er-De Jiang, De-Hua Li, Xiu-Rong Li
The exploration and research have been further developed on Bionics principle in the felidof new wood composites preparation. Originally, the preparation ideas of gel-type wood composite material is based on utilizing the natural wood material which is formed during the long-term evolution of biological...
Proceedings Article

Effect of DC Magnetic Field on Crystal Orientation and Mechanical Properties of Remelting Mg-Y-Cu-Zr Alloy

Man-Qing Huang, Quan Zhou, Feng Liu, Lei Zhang
The influence of different strength (0-1.4T) of DC magnetic field on crystal orientation and mechanical properties of remelting Mg-Y-Cu-Zr alloy reinforced by long period ordered structure were studied. The results show that with the increase of strength of magnetic field, primary phase and second phase...
Proceedings Article

Structure and Properties of V2O5-doping KNN-LS-BF Piezoelectric Ceramics Sintered for Various Time

Hua Wang, Xia Zhai, Ji-Wen Xu, Ling Yang
0.6mol% V2O5-doping 0.996(0.95Na0.5K0.5NbO3-0.05LiSbO3)-0.004FeBiO3 ((KNN-LS- BF)-V2O5) piezoelectric ceramics were synthesized by the solid-state reaction process, and the influence of sintering time on structure and properties of (KNN-LS-BF)-V2O5 ceramics were studied. It was found that all the samples...
Proceedings Article

Local Corrosion Behavior of 2024 Alloy in NaCl Solution by EIS and SECM

He-Rong Zhou, Shu-Peng Song, Bi-Hua Hu, Xin-Pei Hong
The corrosion behavior of 2024 alloy in 0.6 mol/L NaCl solution has been studied by EIS, SECM and SEM at the corrosion potential. The EIS results show that the pitting could have occurred between 2 hr and 6 hr immersion and the corrosion dissolution becomes severe with the increase of immersion time....
Proceedings Article

Solution-Processed VO2@Ag Nanoparticles for Modification the Color of VO2 Smart Films

Xuan-Ming Lu, Xiu-Di Xiao, Zi-Yi Cao, Yong-Jun Zhan, Hao-Liang Cheng, Gang Xu
Recently, researchers focus on how to prepare practical VO2 films with varied colors. Herein, we developed a facile solution process to modify the spectrum of VO2 so that the color of VO2 film could be tuned. The VO2 nanoparticles were functionalized by the 3-aminopropyltrimethoxysilane(APTMS), andthe...
Proceedings Article

The Microstructure and Properties of the Coating with Vanadium Borides on Carbon Steel by Use of Electron Beam in Vacuum Treatment

Shun-Qi Mei, Lygdenov B., Jin Huang, Wen-Li Zhang, Ya-Jie Dong, Chao Liu, Butukhanov V.
Boronizing of steel surface leads to the formation of two phases (FeB, Fe2B). FeB phase has high brittleness due to its high hardness. Thus, the traditional boronizing cannot be applied for tools and machine parts, working in conditions of dynamic loads, but the new method of electron- beam heating in...