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Improved Version of Round Robin Scheduling Algorithm Based on Analytic Model

Alaa Fiad, Zoulikha Mekkakia Maaza, Hayat Bendoukha
Scheduling is one of the most important issues in the operating system, such as the tasks must be affected to the appropriate virtual machines, considering different factors at the same time to ensure better use of resources. A lot of research has been carried out to propose more efficient task scheduling...
Journal: eFood
Research Article

Bioactive Compounds and Nutritional Value of Cagaita (Eugenia dysenteric) during its Physiological Development

Monik Maryelle Moreira da Silva, Edson Pablo Silva, Lismaíra Gonçalves Caixeta Garcia, Eduardo Ramirez Asquieri, Eduardo Valério de Barros Vilas Boas, Aline Priscilla Gomes da Silva, Jianbo Xiao, Clarissa Damiani
The Cerrado is the second largest vegetation formation in Brazil, after the Amazon, and is the richest tropical savanna in the world in terms of biodiversity. This study aimed to evaluate cagaita fruits for bioactive compounds and nutrients during their physiological development. The fruits were assessed...

The Precious Commodity of Time and Sub-Saharan Africa’s Success in Keeping COVID-19 at Bay

Janet M. Wojcicki
Most sub-Saharan African countries acted early and aggressively in response to the WHO COVID-19 warning by closing schools, international borders, limiting domestic travel and restricting large gatherings. The six most populous sub-Saharan African countries, at the beginning of July 2020 with the exception...

Scalable Real-Time Attributes Responsive Extreme Learning Machine

Hongbo Wang, Yuejuan Yao, Xi Liu, Xuyan Tu
Extreme learning machine (ELM) has recently attracted many researchers' interest due to its very fast learning speed, and ease of implementation. Its many applications, such as regression, binary and multiclass classification, acquired better results. However, when some attributes of the dataset...

Sustainable Supplier Selection Based on Regret Theory and QUALIFLEX Method

Limei Liu, Zhongli Bin, Biao Shi, Wenzhi Cao
Sustainable supplier selection is the essential core of sustainable supply chain management, which can directly influence the manufacturer's performance and can enormously enhance the manufacturer's competitiveness in the international market. However, most of the previous studies concerning...

Children’s Social Skill: Parents’ Perceptions in Digital Era

Wulan Patria Saroinsong, Kartika Rinakit Adhe, Sri Widayati, Eka Cahya Maulidiyah
This study purposes to obtain parents’ perception in digital era related to children’s social skills. In 4.0 Era, the younger generation is prompted to use gadget more often. It happens in this digital era when children play with gadgets while sitting or lying down at home. This leads them to do fewer...

The Role of Primary Caregivers in Building Self-Concept of Early Years’ Children

Syarifah Halifah, Nurhakki Anshar
The research aims to explore the role of primary caregivers in building self-concept in early years’ children. This research was conducted in Latimojong Village, Enrekang. The participants consist of five early childhood education centers and 23 children. For the duration of two months, this research...

The Privilege of Attending Early Childhood Education (ECE)

Arsendy Senza, George Adam Sukoco Sikatan, Yusuf Faisal Martak
A growing body of evidence has found that Early Childhood Education (ECE) gives longer-term beneficial effects on a student’s cognitive ability. Unfortunately, in developing countries, and especially other low-resource environments, too few children have the privilege to attend ECE. Using INOVASI’s1...

Purpose of Indonesian Early Childhood Education Accreditation: Is It for Rating Grade of Institutions or Improving Their Quality?

Eunjung Won, Vina Adriany
Since 2002, the number institutions for Early Childhood Education (ECE) institutions in Indonesia has grown rapidly in quantity. However, the increase in does not guarantee the quality improvement of ECE institutions. There are various types of ECE institutions in Indonesia, such as kindergarten, day...

The Effects of Perspective-Taking on Prosocial Behavior in Early Childhood

Rizky Drupadi, Yulia Ayriza
This study aimed to investigate the influence of perspective-taking on prosocial behavior in early childhood. The research used quantitative approach with the ex post facto design used survey data collection. The sample of this research was taken by using a stratified proportional random sampling technique....

Preventing Terrorism Through Early Childhood Education in Indonesia: A Policy Analysis

Cecep Somantri, Yohan Rubiyantoro
Terrorism prevention is often focused on adolescents, even though it is true that the use of children in terrorist acts is a global issue. Few studies do discuss the prevention of terrorism in early childhood, a critical phase or golden age that is instrumental in the formation of a child’s character....

Parental Involvement in Early Childhood Literacy Development

Nurul Fatonah
This research aims to discuss parents’ involvement in early childhood literacy development. It stems from the importance of parents’ roles in early childhood activities, especially those that develop literacy. So far, research on children development paradigm have only been done by looking at the factors...

Internalizing Character Values Since the Early Age

Suryadi, Akla
This study aims to explore the cooperative game in instilling character values in Dharma Wanita Kindergarten Metro. The aspects observed include: (1) School characteristics (2) Curriculum (3) Teaching and Learning Process (4) Character Development in Schools (5) Concepts and Applications of Cooperative...

Literacy Leadership Camp (Leadership Stimulus Program for Teachers and Educators in Early Childhood Education)

Elis Solihati, Mubiar Agustin
The soul of leadership is essential, therefore, everyone has to own it. In the context of early childhood education, leadership must be owned by teachers as well as educators. Teachers’ leadership is an idea of 21st century education, hence, the teacher’s leadership in the process of education should...

The Effect of Story Telling Activity Using Pop-Up Book on the Social Caring Character

Luthfatun Nisa
This study aimed to determine if the pre and post story telling activity of the social caring character could improve the character when the stories of the social caring character were read to kindergarten children. The story telling activity focused on the caring behaviour. The stories of social caring...

Constructs of Caring in Indonesia’s Early Childhood Education (Historical Review and Ethnographical Research)

Yulida Pangastuti
The role of women as the primary source of the ECE workforce has long been debated in the academic arena. In Indonesia, female ECE teachers are always preferred due to the maternalist perceptions that lead to under-appreciation of their labours. Based on historical data and ethnographic research, this...

Realizing Quality Early Childhood Education and Parenting in Indonesia: Pitfalls and Strategies

Harris Iskandar
The significance of education in the earliest years of life has been indicated by extensive research, globally and in Indonesia. Supporting this evidence-based finding, both global and national objectives aim at ensuring access to quality Early Childhood Care and Education (ECCE) services. Parenting...

Children Growth Awareness: An Important Role for Reaching the Optimal First 1000 Days in Life

Jeslyn Tengkawan, Ayu Anandhika, Ristania Ellya John, Zulfikar Ihyauddin, Kezia Jessica, Titi Pambudi Karuniawaty
Background and Aims: Monitoring child growth, including measurement of weight, height or length, and head circumference, plays an important role in detecting a child’s growth abnormalities and monitoring a child’s nutritional adequacy. This study aimed to measure the completeness of growth chart in maternal...

Access and Participation in Quality Education Through Pancasila Shaped Online Interregional Indonesia Teachers Conversations (PSOIITC) Pancasila Inspired Teacher Learning Approach

Christine Pheeney
The 2030 Sustainable Development Goals put attention to the children to have equal access and participation in quality education around the world. In Indonesia, Pancasila provides appropriate socio-cultural guideline. Pancasila was born from diversity and it becomes a tool to create a good relationship...

The Application of Character Values of Love, Discipline, and Honesty in Children Aged 4–6 Years

Kristianingsih, Adhimas Wahyu Agung Wijaya
This study aims to describe: (1) the application of love, discipline, and honesty values in children aged 4-6 years and (2) the supporting and inhibiting factors for the application of three-character values in children aged 4-6 years in Kanisius Kotabaru Kindergarten, Yogyakarta. This study is a qualitative...

Playing, Space and Gender

Sopa Siti Marwah
This paper aims to explore how children use the limited playing area in a densely populated area in Bandung. Based on three weeks focused ethnography study, this paper attempts to see how the children use the playing area and to what extent the playing becomes gendered. The information was collected...

Facing the Challenges of Inclusive Education in Early Childhood Education

Asih Nur Ismiatun, Ayu Rissa Atika
Inclusive education is a real evidence that there is no discrimination in education. The government through regulations has promoted and demonstrated to support the implementation of inclusive education for each level of education in Indonesia. That means that inclusive education should also be applied...

Improving Early Childhood Literacy by Training Parents to Utilize Digital Storytelling

Reza Anggriyashati Adara
Digital storytelling can be one of alternatives to improve early childhood literacy. This means that, literacy does not only refer to one’s ability to read or write but also to a learning process. Thus, digital storytelling might not only be beneficial to teach reading and writing to younger children...

Family Involvement in the Implementation of Education in the Early Childhood Unit in Instilling Nationalism Values

Erni Sukmawati Dewi, Darnowo, Yedi Kusmayadi
Regulation of Minister of Education and Culture, Republic of Indonesia, Number 30 of 2017 concerning Family Involvement in Education Unit explains that family has a strategic role in supporting the delivery of education to achieve national education goals, and the involvement of families in the education...

Swimming and Character Development in Early Childhood Education

Muchamad Arif Al Ardha, Kartika Rinakit Adhe, Chung Bing Yang
Character development in early childhood education is a crucial matter. Since children learn the value and character through their experience and the surrounding environment, character development needs to be emphasized in every teaching and learning activities. In swimming, children are motivated to...

Research and Development on Authentic Assessment for Language Domain in Kartika Batu Kindergarten

Irena Agatha Simanjuntak, Nurhenti Simatupang
Educator and parents need clear information about how and what children learn. In Early Childhood Education (ECE), children’s literacy abilities are often assessed by conventional tests to determine a child’s ‘readiness’ for school. Readiness in terms of literacy consists of letter identification, phonemic...

Learning Clean, Healthy and Safe Life Behavior in Inclusive Early Childhood Education

Widya Ayu Puspita, Minarni Puji Sulistyorini, Bintoro Wibowo
The Clean, Healthy and Safe Lifestyle Learning Model in Inclusive Early Childhood Education is a habituation and conditioning program in play groups. The programme aims to make those behavior become a habit. Program development is carried out using a quantitative research approach, with quasi-experimental...

Introducing English in Early Year’s Children through Dancing and Singing

Sari Purnamawati, Heru Djoko Walojo
Introducing English to early childhood has been done by a lot of Early Childhood Education institutions. Yet, the teachers lack the media and method to introduce English to the children. Teachers do not have many options of method and media. They use the same printed media repeatedly which makes the...

The Roles of Parents and Community in Supporting Children’s Literacy Development

Adhimas Wahyu Agung Wijaya, Saskia Rosita Indasari, Fenny Samosir, Santo Petrus
This study aims to explore the role of parents and community to strengthening children literacy. This study uses participatory action research (PAR) in applying qualitative data collection using interview, observation and document study. This study was conducted in Landak and Manggarai Barat, part of...

Exploring Local Life in Pupuh Bibi Anu: a Medium for Developing the Character of Early Years’ Children

Ni Nyoman Ayu Suciartini, I Nyoman Payuyasa
The purpose of this research is to explore and revive local wisdom, especially in Bali which can rebuild character education that is instilled by parents in their children from an early age. Character building can be done in various ways. This includes presenting literary works that are loaded with norms...

Building-Blocks: Children’s Reflection on Gender

Marina Trie Ramadhany Gunawan, Hani Yulindrasari
This article discusses how gender is constructed through building blocks toys. Using the perspective of post developmentalism, we examined the building blocks as learning media in early childhood education. We conducted a two-month focused ethnography in a kindergarten in the city of Bandung, Indonesia....

The Effect of Family Literacy Program Towards the Improvement of Parental Involvement in Early Childhood Education

Hayuni Husni, Lokot Daulay, Salman Hasibuan
The aims of the research are: 1) to raise parents’ awareness and improve their participation at school and home; 2) to empower children’s character; 3) to develop children’s academic attainments. The research used correlational method. The samples of the research are parents from private early childhood...

Inclusive-Dialogic Religious Education: A Model for Cultivating Multi-Religious Character in Early Childhood Education (ECE)

Aan Arizandy
This paper offers the concept of inclusive-dialogic religious education model that can be used as an alternative to contrive mutual understanding and respect among pupils in early childhood education. This model is developed on the basis of experience-based learning which puts emphasis on the reflection...

Gender and Toys in Early Childhood Education

Suci Ramdaeni, Vina Adriany, Hani Yulindrasari
This paper aims to explore how children construct gender through toys. Using a post-structuralist perspective, we look at how power relations are intertwined in children’s play activities that strengthen gender binary through toys. This study was an ethnographic study conducted in Bandung, Indonesia....

Towards a New Vision of Quality Early Childhood Education

Ali Formen
In this paper, I demonstrate the insufficiency of developmental knowledge as the framework of early childhood education quality. For this purpose, I analyse two documents that currently govern the practice of Indonesian early childhood education, the early childhood education standard and early childhood...

Traditional Games Usage to Improve the Children’s Independence Skill

Sriwidayati, Wulan Patria Saroinsong, Nurhenti Simatupang
This paper seeks to foreground the role of traditional children’s games as indigenous games of learning rather than digital games. It comes high interest of traditional games. This study used an online questionnaire to reveal the prevalence of traditional children’s games which exists in the digital...

Model of Children Readiness in Facing Volcanic Disasters

Eli Tohonan Tua Pane, Pelitawati Karosekali, Julita Desianna Panggabean, Evi Yunita
Model of Children Readiness in Facing Volcanic Disasters aims to be a reference for learning activities about disaster response and disaster awareness early on in the Early Childhood Education (ECE) which is expected to help children reduce the impact of volcanic disasters and preparedness in facing...

Cooperation Between Parents and School on Sex Education to Prevent Sexual Abuse in Early Childhood Case Study: Sex Education Implementation in Budi Mulia Dua Sedayu Kindergarten

Endah Windiastuti, Amir Syamsudin
The awareness of sex education in Indonesia is still low. This concern can be seen by the increase in sexual abuse cases that occurred in the last 3 years. 70 cases in 2017, 149 cases in 2018, and until July of 2019 there were 78 cases of sexual abuse in children. The causes were the lack of control...

Review of Stunting in Indonesia

Yuli Anggraini, Nur Faizah Romadona
Failure to reach one’s potential for growth - is caused by chronic malnutrition and repeated illness during childhood. It reflects the cumulative effects of chronic malnutrition during the 1,000 first days of life, and is also associated with lack of education, poverty, less healthy, and more vulnerability...

Addressing Language Development Barriers: A Pedagogical Approach for Young Children With Speech Delay

Dewi Fitriani, Agus Prayogo
Speech delay is considered prevalent in young children and becomes significant attention among early childhood teachers since it may affect the communication and social skills of children. To deal with this problem, a pedagogical approach is carried out to facilitate teachers in helping young children...

Stimulating Children’s Creativity Using the Pragmatic Approach

Uus Kusnadi, Mohamad Helmi Ismail
There are some intriguing findings at K-2, Lab. School UPI District Campus Cibiru. Besides the unmanaged children’s creativity, there are children who’s withdown syndrome. The other, having difficulties interacting with them, frequently showing aggressive behaviors towards one another and disrupting...

Teaching English to Young Learners: Students’ Interference on Pre-Reading Skill in Preparing School Readiness

Sharina Munggaraning Westhisi
Industrial revolution 4.0 encourages people to develop their skills, for instance literacy skills. English literacy is needed since people should be able to participate globally which might be commenced in Early Childhood Education (ECE). The English instruction for non-native young learners needs numerous...

Social Transformation in Early Childhood Education: An Ethnographic Study in Widhatul Ummah Kindergarden in Makassar, Indonesia

Juwanita Sahid, Nurul Ilmi Idrus, Hamka Naping, Munsi Lampe
Globalization has affected the Indonesian people’s lives. This study aims to examine the socio-cultural transformation of Wihdatul Ummah Kindergarten in Makassar. It is a qualitative research using an ethnographic approach. The research participants are parents, teachers, leaders and school staff. The...

The Impact of Farming on Children’s Critical Thinking Ability in Indonesia

Tesya Cahyani Kusuma, Yessi Rifmasari
The phenomenon showed that the level of critical thinking ability of children aged 5-6 years was low. This paper used quasi experimental nonequivalent group pretest - postest designed which applied purposive sampling techniques. The results showed that there was an impact of farming to children’s critical...

Disaster Mitigation in Early Childhood Education

Ina Winangsih, Euis Kurniati
Natural disaster happens quite frequently in Indonesia. The Government has attempted to tackle natural disaster by developing disaster mitigation mainstreaming plan in almost every aspect of the country’s development fields, including in education. However, early childhood education remains overlooked...

Internalizing Entrepreneurship Values Since the Early Age to Face the 4.0 Industrial Revolution at TK Khalifah Yogyakarta

Ria Astuti, Muammar Qadafi
Indonesia is now facing the 4.0 industrial revolution in which almost all life aspects have used digital technology. A research by McKinsey on the last 2016 revealed that the impact of 4.0 industrial revolution in the next five years will be evident in the shift, or even loss, of 52.6 million types of...

The Role of Parents in Developing Naturalistic Intelligence in Early Childhood

Faizatul Faridy, Aulia Rohendi
Population growth and economic development have the potential to increase damage on earth over time. A large number of falling trees and changes in land use for development, the increase in millions of tons of waste, the increase in industry and vehicles also contribute to the threat to the environment....

Investing in Quality Early Childhood Education for Quality Indonesian Human Resources

Muhammad Hasbi
Early Childhood Education (ECE) is an important foundation of quality and sustainable human life in Indonesia. The Presidential Decree Number 60/2013 on Holistic and Integrative Early Childhood Education mandates that there are five basic needs that all Indonesian children should have, namely: health,...