Proceedings of the 1st International Conference of Physical Education (ICPE 2019)
Implementation of the Physical Education, Sport and Health Learning Process Based on the 2013 Curriculum in Junior High Schools of Pariaman
Nurul Layla Fitri, Rosmawati, Hendri Neldi
This study aims to find out or get information about learning planning, implementation of learning, and evaluation of learning in physical education, sports, and health in junior high schools of Pariaman City. This research is qualitative. The population of this research is the physical education, sports,...
Implementation of the Physical Education, Sport and Health Learning Process Based on the 2013 Curriculum in Elementary Schools of Padang
Putri Annisa Ibnus, M Madri
The purpose of this study is to find out how physical education, sports and health teachers in the Public Elementary Schools in Pauh District, Padang City in planning, implementing and evaluating learning activities according to the 2013 curriculum. This research is qualitative. The population of this...
Hasriwandi Nur, Freno Celvin Pradana
The problem in this research is the lack of free-throw shooting capability of high school students at the Laboratory Development at Padang State University, which is allegedly due to the lack of students’ intellectual intelligence. The purpose of this study is to look at the relationship of the level...
Mahardynata Fahmi, Wilda Wellis
The problem of the study was about the lack of physical fitness of elementary school students. This study was revealed to identify the effect of motor skills on elementary school students’ physical fitness. The research method was quantitative by using the path analysis approach. The population of the...
Ali Umar, Ivan Adhi Purbaya
This research aims to examine the implementation of the school health program in North Padang Elementary School. This type of research is descriptive, involving 18 schools. The research instrument used a questionnaire. The analysis technique used frequency distribution techniques or techniques percentage,...
The method used in this study is quantitative with a correlational approach that aims to see the weight or closeness of the relationship between variables without giving treatment. From the normality test on the VO2Max Lo = 0.1772 <Lt = 0.1808, it is said to be normal, and on the test of agility dribbling...
The Student Interest in Participating in the Healthy Indonesian Gymnastics at Elementary School Level
Mutia Jana, Ali Asmi
The purpose of this study is to describe the student interest in taking part in the Healthy Indonesian Gymnastics at SDN 05 Serasi Kecamatan Rao Selatan Kabupaten Pasaman. The type of this study is quantitative, with a descriptive method that involved 43 students in 2017/2018 of the school year. The...
Rendy Hardi Putra, Zarwan, Nurul Ihsan
This study aimed to describe the data on the implementation of the learning process of physical education and sports health at SMP Negeri Sungai Penuh City. This research is a descriptive study that involved 71 students from 5 schools. Data collection techniques used observation and distributing questionnaires...
Rika Sepriani, Bobby Oktariza
The problem of this research is the school’s health clinic at Primary School No. 27 Sungai Nanam, Lembah Gumanti, Solok, did work properly. This study aims to find out how the implementation of the school health clinic at Primary School No. 27 Sungai Nanam, Lembah Gumanti, Solok. This research is descriptive....
Riwaldi Putra, Rosmaneli
This study aimed to determine the nutritional status and physical fitness of students Junior High School No. 15 Padang. This study was descriptive that involved 66 students. To determine the nutritional status of students using the formula BMI = weight / TB2 and physical fitness using physical fitness...
Edwarsyah, Yopi Hidayatullah
This research aims to know the level of nutritional status of students in primary schools of Limo Koto Sijunjung Sub-district VII. The descriptive nature of the research. The samples were 27 students taken with a purposive sampling technique. The instrument used to measure the weight (W) and height (TB)...
Nirwandi, Ahmad Hasan, I Wulandari
The purpose of this research is to know how the physical fitness level of students in SD N 44 Kalumbuk Padang. The research is a descriptive study, which describes the result of the analysis by looking at the percentage and category ratings. The population in this study were students in SD N 44 Kalumbuk...
Relations of Interests, Intelligence and Student Learning Outcomes in the Subject of Athletic in Faculty of Sport Science, Universitas Negeri Padang
N Erizal, Oktarifaldi, Hasriwandi Nur
This study aims to determine the level of learning and intelligence enthusiasm relationship with the student learning outcomes and coordination of athletic training. This research is ex post facto, with the second-year student majoring in education courses S1 2013/2014, and the sample size of 62 people....
Fitri Lavenia, Edwarsyah
The study was based on field observations at the start with the aim to find out about the performance of teachers of physical education and Sports Health State elementary schools-city of Padang Pauh Subdistrict. The type of this research is descriptive research with quantitative methods, namely regarding...
Indra Tri Handoko
The research aimed to get information about the male students’ physical fitness level in SMA Negeri 1 Bungaraya Siak Regency of Riau. It is descriptive research that involved 40 male students, aged 16-19. Data collecting tool is in the form of a series of tests of physical fitness for ages 16-19 years...
Competency Achievement of Physical Education, Sports and Health Teachers in High Schools of Padang Pariaman
Masrudi Suryanto, Erizal Nurmai
The problem in this study is obstacles in carrying out the duties of physical educators, thus affecting their performance in producing competitive students. The purpose of this study was to determine the performance achievements of physical education, sports, and health teachers in state junior high...
Competence of Physical Education, Sports and Health Teachers in Elementary Schools of Lubuk Sikaping
Muhammed Hangga Razaak, Nurul Ehsan, Atradinal
The purpose of this research is to describe the competence of elementary school teachers in the Lubuk Sikaping Pasaman Regency. This research classified into descriptive research using a questionnaire to collect the data. This study involved 20 teachers. Data were analyzed using descriptive analysis...
The Validity of Athletic Sports Models for Elementary School Students To Improve Gross Motor Skills and Self-Concept
Rifki Nanda Putra, Bafirman, Fuaddi
The purpose of this study was to examine the validity of athletic sports models for children to improve gross motor skills in elementary school students. The method used is the evaluation of research subject documents. The subject of this study was a document on the athletic learning model for children...
Tommy Andherson, Gusril
The purpose of this study is to uncover and compare the motor ability and play activities of Suku Anak Dalam (Kubu) in Jambi. This type of research uses quantitative and qualitative methods(mixed methods) that involved 29 children of Suku Anak Dalam (Kubu). The instrument used to measure motor ability...
The Effect of Parents’ Attention, Physical Fitness and Students’ Motivation in Learning Process toward Students’ Achievement of Sport Study
Yuhanda Gustian, Kamal Firdaus
This research had an aim to disclose an influence of exogenous variables to an endogenous variable directly, casually, simultaneously. This research used a quantitative method with the Path Analysis approach, which involved 38 students. Data were collected using questionnaires to measure parent’s attention...
Effects of Educational Background, Parental Economics, Student Nutrition Status on Motoric Capabilities of Primary School Students
Yusal Fitriko, Yanuar Kiram
The purpose of this study is to determine the direct and indirect effects of the variables that researchers suspect on motor skills. This type of research is a quantitative research that involved 35 students. Data were obtained using questionnaires, calculation of Body Mass Index (BMI), and Scott Motor...
Jonni, Engga Randa Putra, Suci Nanda Sari, Lucy Pratama Putri, Risky Syahputra, Syahrial Bakhtiar
This study aims to see the effect of hand-eye coordination and gender on the ability of the object control. This research involved 48 children from kindergarten schools of Pariaman. The instrument used to obtain data on student hand-eye coordination is the MABC 2 subtest, namely catching and aiming,...
Hafizzuddin Ahmad, Arsil, Syahrastani
The purpose of this research is to examine the effect of interval training on increasing aerobic endurance of SSB Muda’s Top Footballer of Payakumbuh. The type of this research is quasi-experimental with one group design pre-test and post-test. This study involved 15 players who are given interval training...
The Contribution of Hand-Eye Coordination and Arm Muscle Strength on Punch Ability of Forehand Drive of Table Tennis Athletes
Zainul Johor, Ilham Rahmadiky
This study aims to determine the relationship and contribution of hand-eye coordination and muscle strength of the arms of the ability of a forehand drive. This study is correlational research that involved 15 players. The instruments used were the tests to catch a throwing tennis ball for hand-eye coordination,...
The learning process at all levels of education, in essence, aims to improve human quality in various aspects. It can be seen in Law Number 20 the Year 2003 concerning the National Education System viz”National Education aims to develop the potential of students to become people who have faith and are...
Improving the Passing Skills Through the Phase of Play Filanesia Method and Playing Training Method for Students Under 17 Years
Agung Hilmi Wahdi, Arsil
The problem in this study was the low passing skills of Ataque U-17 students. The purpose of this study was to improve passing skills and find out which methods provide better improvement between the phase of play filanesia or playing training methods. Sampling in this study using a purposive sampling...
Ari Purnomo, Yendrizal
The problem in this study is that Jambi Provincial Petanque athletes still lack shooting accuracy in Petanque matches. This type of research is quantitative research with a path analysis approach involving 40 athletes. The purpose of this study is to determine the direct and indirect effects on shooting...
The Differences of Ability in the Level of Development on Control Objects of Early Childhood Education Students in Pariaman City and Padang Panjang City
Arie Asnaldi, Reki Yelis, Zulman, Atradinal, Lucy Pratama Putri, Syahrial Bakhtiar
Based on the observation, the problem in this study is the level of the children’s basic motion is still in a low level, especially the ability of the control object. In West Sumatera, especially in some areas that researchers have visited, the difference in the level of basic motion is quite significant....
The Differences Effects of Training Method and Nutritional Status on Basic Technical Skills of Football Club Players in Mandailing Natal
Baik Wijaya, Umar, Arsil
The purpose of this research is to determine the differential effect of training method and nutritional status on the necessary technical skills of SSB Madina athletes in Mandailing Natal Regency. The type of this research was quantitative with using experimental factorial design. The sample in this...
Berto Apriyano, Zainal Abidin Zainuddin, Asha Hasnimy Mohd Hashim
Objective. The main objectives and research questions of this review include the relationship between factors related to the fitness level of students. For the analysis phase to extract the required information and describe it in the form of a framework, then analyze the quality of each article obtained...
The Effect of Leg Circuits Exercise Toward Strength of Limbs Muscles of Female Students Volley Ball Team
Cevvin Septa Edran, Slamet, Ardiah Juita
The purpose of this research is to know the effect of Legs Circuits exercises on the strength of limbs muscles of SMA N 3 PEKANBARU Women’s volleyball team. Type of research use experiment with One Group Pretest Posttest Only Design that involved eight students. The instruments used in this research...
The purpose of this research is to reveal the influence of training methods on students’ groundstroke learning achievement in tennis at SMA N 3 Padang. This research was conducted at SMA N 3 Padang. This research seeks to get information about the effect of global training methods and simple training...
Desi Tri Susanti, Ishak, Hermamzoni
This study aimed to measure the effect of the drilling method towards the overhand passing ability of the athletes of the Mangga Dua volleyball club in Lintau Buo District. This was a quasi-experimental study that involved 13 female athletes. The instrument of the research was the Repeated Volleys test....
Dessi Novita Sari, Indri Wulandari, Sefri Hardiansyah, Zulbahri
This study aims to determine the contribution of the arm muscle strength against forehand drive skill for Semen Padang table tennis athletes. This type of research is correlational made to the table tennis athletes Semen Padang. Arm muscle strength measured using the dynamometer was expanding tools,...
Dezi Chandra, Damrah, Arsil
The problem in this study is unknown differences in physical fitness male students majoring in Natural Sciences (IPA) and the male student Department of Social Science (IPS). Therefore, this study aims to look at the difference Level Physical Freshness Putra Students majoring in Natural Sciences (IPA)...
O. Z Dio Bagus, Umar, Hendri Irawadi
The problem expressed in this research is still low explosive power of his leg muscle, and the effect of lower leg muscle explosive power is impacting the ability of the athlete to rebound the basketball club. The purpose of this study was to determine whether there is any effect on the ability plyometrics...
Dova Syafriandi, Donie
The purpose of this study was to study the contribution of limb muscle explosions and muscle explosive power to smash abilities of PB Semurup Junior badminton club athletes in Kerinci Regency, Jambi Province. This type of research is correlational. The population in this study were all PB Semurup Junior...
The Correlation of Arm Muscle Explosive Power, Leg Muscle Explosive Power, and Hand-Eye Coordination Towards the Smash of Badminton Player
This study aimed to investigate the degree of relationship among arm muscle explosive power, leg muscle explosive power, and hand-eye coordination towards badminton players of PB. Hamparan Sungai Penuh city. This study was a correlation research design. The population was badminton players of PB. Hamparan...
Hendri Neldi, Asyifa Rahmadhanty
The problem in this research is the ability to run, jump, and throw Payakumbuh deaf students who were still not going well. So the purpose of this study was to determine the ability of the fundamental motion athletics (running, jumping, and throwing) deaf students Payakumbuh. This type of research is...
The problem in this research is low students’ sport or physical exercise achievement. Several factors cause this problem; one of them is the teacher way or style in teaching. The purpose of this research was to experimental research. The instrument was a motor ability test that consists of 6 items. The...
Ibnu Andli Marta
The purpose of this study was to determine how much contribution leg muscle strength and speed against the long jump students of the Faculty of Sport Sciences, State University of Padang. This type of research is correlational research that involved 28 male students. To obtain data, the instruments used...
Contribution of The Muscle Strength and the Strength of the Arm Muscle on the Ability of the 50 Meter Chest Style
Isra Febriadi, Zarwan, Qalbi Amra
This research is a kind of quantitative research using correlational analysis techniques followed by the aim of calculating the contribution of leg muscle strength and arm muscle strength to breaststroke swimming abilities of 50 m FIK UNP students. This research involved 30 male students. Data collection...
Influence of Exercise Model Load on Superior Limb to Enhancement Ability Swimming Butterfly Style 50 meters
Leni Asril, Witarsyah, Umar
This study aimed to determine the effect of weight training to increase the ability of style swimming 50-meter butterfly swimming student specialization FIK UNP. This research is quasi-experimental. The population in this study are all students of specialization pool July-December semester of 2014/2015,...
Muhammad Qadavi, Randa Eka Putra, John Arwandi
This study aims to see if there is any influence of the training series method on the ability passing of SSB Putra Wijaya Padang soccer players. This type of research is a quasi-experiment conducted at the Kompi A Lapai Padang field starting from July 4 to August 3, 2018. The population in this study...
The purpose of this research is to know the level of physical condition athletes wrestling PGSI Padang city. Type of this research is descriptive that involved 3 athletes instrument, which used a test of an endurance test with the bleep test, speed test with the test run of 30 meters, the power of the...
This type of research is correlational. The entire study population Alang Ponggongan PPS students enrolled. The study was conducted in the field of PPS Alang Ponggongan Birugo Bukittinggi. Data measured by flexiometer waist flexibility and speed measured by a test Sabit kick in the target box for 10...
This research aims to examine the effect of circuit training on the improvement of junior players dribbling ability. The research method used is an experimental method with a sample of 30 students. The study began with a pre-test and then conducted treatment for six weeks with a frequency of exercise...
The Effect of Limb Muscle Explosive Power, Flexibility, and Confidence Toward Long Passing Ability of Football Players
Ridho Ilahi, Willadi Rasvid
The purpose of this research is to find out the direct and indirect effect between exogenous and endogenous variables, which is to find out the amount of direct and indirect effects of limb muscle explosive power, flexibility, and confidence toward Long Passing ability. The method used in this research...
Sefri Hardiansyah, Fella Maifitri, Ade Zalindro
The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of the consumption of energy drinks on the ability of aerobic endurance. This type of research is quasi-experimental research design, one group pretest-posttest design. Samples numbered 24 people. The instrument used to measure the ability of aerobic...
Sri Gusti Handayani, Anton Komaini, Yohandri
The manual test for measuring hand-eye coordination is throwing catch the ball to the wall at a distance of 2 meters for 15 seconds. In the implementation of the test, there are several obstacles, namely the frequent occurrence of errors in the calculation of the number of throws and catches from the...
S Tri Juwanda, Zulrafli, Kamarudin
The problem that appears in the research is that: at the time of the kick, there are still legs that focus is not rotated. At the moment of the kick trajectory, not half-circle, the lack of balance when doing A crescent kick. The study aims to figure out the contributing power of the limbs to the crescent...
Weny Sasmitha, Suwirman, Ikhwanul Arifan, S Dessi Purnama
This study aimed to develop a model of learning tools to make the learning activities became more optimal than before. This research used the ADDIE model development method, which had five development phases, namely: Analysis, Design, Development, Implementation, and Evaluation. The learning model used...
Willadi Rasyid, Zainul Johor, Heru Afrian, Arie Asnaldi, Oktarifaldi, Syahrial Bakhtiar
This study aims to reveal the effect of learning strategies on conventional and game chains on the ability of object control students in TK Pembina Padang Panjang. This research used a quasi-experiment design that involved 40 students aged 5 to 6 years. Object control capability data is obtained by giving...
Yuaddil Ihsan, Atradinal
This study aims to determine the relationship between explosive muscle limb power and long legs either individually or together with the ability to run 100 meters student Sports Activities Unit Of Athletic Universitas Negeri Padang. The type of research used is correlational. The sample in this research...
Effect of Up-Down Stairs Exercise and Hurdle Jump on Limb Muscle Explosive Power of Volleyball Players
Yuni Astuti, Erianti
The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of exercise up and down the stairs and jump the hurdle drills on the ability of leg muscle explosive power volleyball club players. This type of research is experimental that involved 14 male volleyball players. Data were analyzed with descriptive...
Zainul Johor, Romi Candra, Willadi Rasyid, Arie Asnaldi, Oktarifaldi, Syahrial Bakhtiar
This study aims to see the effect of hand-eye coordination on the ability of child control objects. The population in this study were all PAUD students aged 5 to 6 years in Padang Pariaman District, a random sampling technique totaling 42 children. The instrument used to obtain data on the hand-eye coordination...
Effect of Body Mass Index on the Level Development of Early Childhood Locomotors Capabilities in Children Aged 5 to 6 Years
Zainul Johor, Muhammad Rizky Mezra, Khairuddin, Nirwandi, Oktarifaldi, Irfan Oktavianus, Syahrial Bakhtiar
This study aims to look at the effect of Body Mass Index on the level of development of children’s locomotor abilities. The population in this study were all students in Early Childhood Education aged 5 to 6 years in Padang Pariaman Regency. A random sampling technique chooses the sample with the total...
The Contribution of Leg Muscle Explosiveness and Flexibility on the Ability to Kick Dollyo Chagi in Padang Taekwondo
Sepriadi, Pribadita Firdaus Har
This study aims to determine the relationship between leg muscle explosive power and flexibility on the ability of dollyo chagi kick in Padang taekwondo athletes. The type is that this research is correlational. There were 32 taekwondo athletes Padang as the population in this study. The population was...
Suwirman, Weny Sasmitha
This study aims to look at the effect of plyometric training to increase the explosive power of leg muscles of youth athletes in the martial arts field of West Sumatra PPLP Pencak Silat Athletes in 2019. This study used the one-group pretest-posttest design method, with the subjects comprising 20 youth...
Comparison of Serum HIF-1α Levels in Swimming Athletes Before and After Hypoxic Non-Hypoxic Exercise
Syahrastani, Argantos, Dwi Hilda Putri, Dezi Handayani, Siska Alicia Farma Alisirsyah
The situation of lack of oxygen supply to cells and tissues is often not realized by many people (hypoxia). Hypoxia can occur in various situations in life. One of them is swimming sports. The main effect of hypoxia is the effect on the brain, so the body will do everything it can to restore the state...
Zarwan, Sefri Hardiansyah
This research aims to know with certainty the ability of VO2max football player Air Bangis. This type of research is descriptive. The population numbered 20 people, and all the population used as a sample. VO2max is used to acquire a data bleep test instrument. Data analysis techniques using descriptive...
This type of research was quantitative research. The method of Determining the sample in this study used multistage random sampling. Samples in this research were 90 people from 3 sub-districts. Data collection techniques used interviews, observation, Multistage Fitness Test (MFT), and documentation....
Effect of Training Form Method and Playing Method on the Basic Technical Capabilities of Football Players U-15
Ofroki, Eddy Marheni, S Afrizal
The research aims to find out 1) The Effect of Training Form Method on the Basic Technical Capabilities of U-15 Warriors FC Kayu Aro Kerinci Football. 2) The Influence of the Playing Method Method on the Basic Technical Capabilities of the U-15 Warriors FC Kayu Aro Kerinci Football. 3) The Difference...
Effect of Exercise Method and Nutritional Status of Ability VO2max on Basketball Players Performance
Arsil, Muhammad Fakhrur Rozi
This study aims to determine the effect of the method of interval training, circuit training methods, and nutritional status of the VO2 max capacity. The study population was men’s basketball player SMAN 1 lemur, amounting to 36 people. The sampling technique in this study using a purposive sampling...
Damrah, Pitnawati, Mayang Kurniati
The purpose of this research is to show the effects of conventional and cooperative methods toward the necessary skills of volleyball games of the students class X SMA N 1 Muaro.This research is pre-experimental that involved 30 male students. The instruments of this test are the volleying test, passing...
Darni, Ikhbal Elkadiowanda
The issue of this research is students’ achievements in playing football, which is caused by their physical condition, including speed, Agility, leg muscle explosive power, and aerobic endurance. The purpose of this research is to recognize students’ physical condition in playing football in SMP Laboratorium...
Deswandi, Eka Fatriani
The problem in this study is the comparison of the physical fitness level of grade IX students of SMP N 1 Payakumbuh with class IX students of SMP N 6 Payakumbuh. SMP N 1 Payakumbuh with class IX students of SMP N 6 Payakumbuh. The tool used for data collection is a skill test, then analyzed by statistic...
Emral, Andre Setiawan
The problem in this research is the low level of precision passing. Many factors can increase the precision passing of school football players (SSB) of Bima town of Bukittinggi in between physical condition, exercise, and methods of play. This type of research is quasi-experiment. Thus Spake the purpose...
Yaslindo, Teguh Vernanda
The purpose of this study was to determine the level of the physical condition of the U-19 students in Padang Pariaman Regency. This type of research is descriptive, involving 20 students. The instruments used were the Yo-Yo Intermittent Recovery Test, T-Test, Linear Sprint Test, Standing Broad Jump...
The purpose of this analysis is to introduce and popularize tennis sports to people throughout West Sumatra in order to participate in tennis championships at both student, regional, and national/international levels. This research is descriptive qualitative that involved five samples. The source of...
This study aimed to find out how the physical condition of the football school players. This type of research is descriptive. The population in this study was 45 GMG Football School players. The sample was taken by using a purposive sampling technique so that a sample of 20 people was set. The data was...
Atradinal, Yudi Vetra, Jonni, Oktarifaldi, Risky Syahputra, Romi Mardela, Syahrial Bakhtiar
This research aims to see influence balanced against the level of development of children’s locomotor abilities. The Population in this study were all PAUD students in the district Padang Pariaman, a random sampling technique totaling 42 children. The instrument used to obtain data about the balance...
Indra, Yanuar Kiram
This study aims to determine the effect of pyramid weight training methods and an inverted pyramid on the arm and thigh muscle hypertrophy of fitness club members. This type of research is a quasi-experimental that involved 24 samples. Measurement of arm and thigh muscle hypertrophy used meter tape and...
Erianti, Yuni Astuti, Zulbahri
This study aims to determine the contribution of the arm muscle explosive power and concentration on service capabilities on volleyball Student Sports Education. This type of research is correlational. The population in this study are students of the Department of Physical Education who take advanced...
Syafruddin, Uswatul Hasanah
The purpose of this study is to find out learning planning, implementation of learning, and evaluation of learning for sports and health physical education lessons. This type of research is descriptive, involving 371 students from vocational high schools. The instruments used for data collection are...
Effect of the Teaching Games for Understanding (TGfU) Method in Improving Students’ Motivation And Physical Fitness
Syamsuar, Zelhendri Zen, Reflianto
The purpose of this study was to determine the effectiveness of the Teaching Games for Understanding (TGfU) method on fifth-grade students’ motivation and physical fitness of elementary school at SDN 11 Sungai Sariak. This research used quantitative research with a quasi-experimental design involving...
Role of Motivation, Creativity, Affective and Implications in the Teaching and Learning Process of Physical Education
Zulbahri, Nugroho Susanto, Dessi Novita Sari
This research aims to describe the theory and practice as well as the implication of motivation, creativity and affective and their implications in the process of teaching and learning, The method used is a descriptive analysis of some works of literature. The results showed that the teachers had a tremendous...
Zulman, Yosan Neni Saputra
Problems in this study stem from the addiction of students to technological advances such as the smartphone that makes many students become lazy to move and are happy only to play games, PlayStations, and social media. With the formulation of the problem seen from how well the level of physical fitness...
The Contribution of Physical Fitness and Learning Motivation on Learning Results of Sports Specialty
Emil Mon, Gusril, Adnan Fardi
This study aims at investigating the contribution of physical fitness and learning outcomes on learning results of sport specialty students at SMPN 1 Bukittinggi. This research used a correlational study that involved 30 sport specialty students. The instruments used were a physical fitness test, questionnaire,...
Gusnani, Zalfendi, N Erizal, Nurul Ihsan
The purpose of this study is to produce a learning model that is valid, practical and effective. This type of research is research and development using the development model of Borg and Gall that involved 60 students. Model development is carried out through three stages of testing namely, expert validation,...