Proceedings of the 2nd International Conference on Intervention and Applied Psychology (ICIAP 2018)

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91 articles
Proceedings Article

Changing Hitting Chest to be Stroking Chest with Shaping and Differential Reinforcement of Alternative Behavior Method for a child with Autism Spectrum Disorder with Intellectual Impairment

Aryani Rahmah Utami, Rini Hildayani
Self-injury behavior is a behavior that can cause or potentially cause redness, bruising, or injuries to body parts. Some of the children who perform such behavior are children with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD). Children with ASD perform self-injury to seek attention, avoid things they dislike, to...
Proceedings Article

The Effectiveness of Rational Emotive Behavior Therapy to Decrease Aggressive Behavior in a Child with Alopecia

Aryani Rahmah Utami, Sri Redatin Retno Pudjiati
Anger often serves as a defense mechanism when handling conflict. It can also occur as part of the pathology of physical illness, and someone who has not been able to accept disfiguring symptoms such as alopecia may exhibit aggressive behavior. For the current research subject, alopecia led to bullying...
Proceedings Article

Yuk Makan! Program as an Application of Cognitive Behavioral Therapy Principle to Overcome Selective Eating Problem in a 7-Year-Old Child

Ayunda Shabriani Tyara, Sri Redatin Retno Pudjiati
This study aims to observe the effectiveness of the Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) principle to overcome a selective eating problem in a 7-year-old girl. Using a quasiexperimental design with single case subject (n = 1), the intervention for the one participant was the Yuk Makan! intervention program,...
Proceedings Article

The Effectiveness of Antecedents Control and Differential Reinforcement of Alternative Behaviors in Reducing Screen Time on an Adolescent with Autism Spectrum Disorder: A Single-case Design

Elisabeth Santoso, Mayke Sugianto Tedjasaputra
Studies on normal children’s and adolescents’ use of intervention techniques to reduce screen media usage have recently gained much attention. However, studies on screen time reduction intervention in children with developmental disorders, including autism spectrum disorder (ASD), have been scarce. Compared...
Proceedings Article

The Effectiveness of Behavior Modification Using the Fading Technique to Improve the Vocabulary of Deaf Students in SLB-C Negeri Pembina Banjarbaru

Gusti Medinda Ridha Putri, Rudi Rusli, Jehan Safitri
Various problems can arise when individuals interact with individuals with disabilities, especially when one of them is deaf. Being deaf and having hearing loss are conditions in which the individual loses hearing function completely or partially. Generally, the problem faced by an individual when interacting...
Proceedings Article

Using a Cognitive–Behavioral Approach to Reduce Aggressive Responses in an Adolescent with Borderline Intelligence

Harum Saraswati, Rini Hildayani
This research investigated the reduction of aggressive responses in an adolescent with borderline intelligence through the implementation of anger management intervention using a cognitive behavioral approach. The participant in this research was a thirteen-year-old girl who has difficulty in managing...
Proceedings Article

The Effect of Perceived Maternal Acceptance-Rejection on Mental Illness among Orphaned Adolescents in Indonesia

Linda Mutiara Larassati Reksodiputro, Lia Mawarsari Boediman
Past research has shown that orphaned adolescents who live in Indonesian orphanages are at a higher risk of experiencing various psychological disorders. In fact, parents (especially single mothers) leave their children in the orphanages because they are not able to provide adequate food, shelter, and...
Proceedings Article

Psychosocial Determinants of Antisocial Behavior among Young Adults in Kuala Lumpur

Mimi Fitriana, Nur Hamizah Hj. Ramli
The current research focuses on the antisocial behaviors which lead to juvenile delinquency. The current study looks at young adults in Kuala Lumpur and their perceptions of the typical characteristics of conduct disorders, substance abuse, and thought and attention problems commonly found among juvenile...
Proceedings Article

Parental Beliefs and Children’s Metacognitive Awareness

Nina Marliyani, Sri Hartati R. Suradijono
Metacognition is the knowledge a person has of his or her thinking and of things related to that thinking process (Flavell, 1979). Children with metacognitive awareness have better self-management and time and activity management (Brown & Smiley, 1978; Schraw & Dennison, 1994). Parents’ beliefs and behavior...
Proceedings Article

Effectiveness of Positive Reinforcement to Improve Discipline through Caregiver

Salsabila Mayang Sari, Wahyu Indianti
The aims of this research are to investigate the effectiveness of positive reinforcement to improve discipline behavior in a kindergarten student. The discipline behavior is important as a key success of school readiness and future academic success. Children will not be able to adapt to academic tasks...
Proceedings Article

The Effectiveness of Backward Chaining in Improving Buttoning Skills in a Child with Moderate Intellectual Disability and Poor Vision: Single-Case Design

Sarah Halimah Wibowo, Mayke Sugianto Tedjasaputra
Children with intellectual disability (ID) and poor vision show limitations in adaptive functioning. This is influenced by their intellectual impairment and poor eye function. They need support to carry out everyday activities. Therefore, mastery of self-help skills is very important for their independence....
Proceedings Article

Filial Piety and Life Satisfaction Among Malaysian Adolescents in a Multi-Ethnic, Collectivist Society

Soon Aun Tan, Sarvarubini Nainee, Chee Seng Tan
Past studies have generated assorted results about the link between filial piety and psychological outcomes among adolescents in Asia. Reciprocal filial piety was associated with positive psychological adjustment while authoritarian filial piety was allied to negative developmental outcomes. Differences...
Proceedings Article

Tolerance and Attitudes toward Diversity in Concrete Operational Stage Children

Wahyu Nurramadan Widayanto, Satria Akmal Akhmad, Femita Adelina, Puji Rahayu
Data from the Social Progress Imperative 2017 Summit show that Indonesia was ranked 117 out of 128 countries in the category of intolerance. The data show that Indonesia has a poor attitude toward diversity and implicitly shows that the younger generation must face the challenge of intolerance. To teach...
Proceedings Article

Attachment to Significant Figures, Resilience, and Delinquency Among Adolescents in Orphanages in Jakarta

Winarini W. Mansoer, Raissa Dwifandra Putri, Nessi Sulaiman
Previous studies have found that delinquency is related to attachment to parents and peers as well as to resilience. Adolescents in orphanages were vulnerable to involvement in delinquency but they could be also more resilient. This study examined the relation between attachment to significant figures...
Proceedings Article

A Qualitative Study of Marital Satisfaction and the Newlyweds of Depok

Aditya Benyamin, Alvin Theodorus Larosa, Syifa Amania Afra, Eko Handayani
Divorce is a serious problem in Depok city. This might be due to low marital satisfaction since people with lower marital satisfaction have a higher risk of divorce. Using a qualitative approach, this paper explores which dimensions of marital satisfaction contribute the most to challenges faced by newlyweds...
Proceedings Article

Volunteering Motivation in Emerging Adults and Generalized Self-Efficacy

Adrianisa Kamila Shabrina, Sugiarti Musabiq
According to the results of a survey conducted by, there are many emerging adults (18–29 years old) living in Indonesia. Engaging in volunteerism as an emerging adult requires overcoming many challenges, as the emerging adult phase entails many developmental tasks. If an emerging adult...
Proceedings Article

Can emotion acceptance-based interventions alleviate depression symptoms and alcohol consumption?

Alfath Hanifah Megawati, Bona Sardo Hasoloan Hutahean
Depression and alcohol abuse are interrelated disorders. Many people use alcohol to suppress their negative emotions and feel better in stressful situation. However, alcohol abuse has negative impacts that can lead to alcohol dependence and health problems. The current study was a single-case study with...
Proceedings Article

The Impact of Negative Symptoms and Self-Criticism on the Urge to Self-Injure

Alfath Hanifah Megawati, Cantyo Attindriyo Dannisworo, Lathifah Hanum
Stressful life events brought on by the demands of academic and social life are possibly a factor engendering various negative emotional symptoms, such as depression, anxiety, and stress, in college students. Furthermore, failure to obtain positive feedback may possibly provoke self-criticism in them....
Proceedings Article

Support Group Intervention Reduces Social Alienation and Loneliness among College Students with Victimization Experience

Cut Maghfirah Faisal, Sherly Saragih Turnip
Victimization can have long-term effects, including bringing about a state of social alienation or loneliness. People with social alienation or loneliness may have difficulty initiating and maintaining social relationships, which then exacerbates the alienation and loneliness. If it is left untreated,...
Proceedings Article

Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT) to Reduce Caregiver Strain in Mothers of Autistic Children

Dewinta Larasati P., Sali Rahadi Asih, Ina Saraswati
This research aims to reduce caregiver strain in mothers who care for children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). This study was conducted based on the high caregiver strain experienced by mothers in the caregiving process. Such strain affects not only the mother’s psychological well-being but also...
Proceedings Article

The Effectiveness of Antecedents, Control, and Differential Reinforcement of Incompatible Behavior in Treating a Childhood Eating Disorder

Dhisty Azlia Firnady, Lia Mawarsari Boediman
Many studies have indicated that behavior modification is effective in treating eating problems in children. However, only a few of these studies have focused on the implementation of a behavior modification approach in treating selective eating and food neophobia disorder in toddlers. The purpose of...
Proceedings Article

My Heart, My Mind, My Life: A Study on the Relation between Spiritual Well-being and Quality of Life in Heart Disease Patients

Diah Nurayu Kusumawardani, Sali Rahadi Asih
Studies have shown that heart disease affects an individual’s health-related quality of life (HRQoL). Two factors have been found to influence HRQoL: spiritual well-being and illness perception. Based on the literature review, spiritual well-being affects how patients evaluate their illness, which then...
Proceedings Article

Brief Positive Psychotherapy: Implication of Reducing Negative Thoughts in College Student’s Interpersonal Relationships

Didon Permadi, Lifina Dewi Pohan
Academic performance is often considered as a benchmark of student success in adjusting to college life. Nevertheless, students also face various problems in their life that will indirectly affect their academic performance. One of the problems that could be an obstacle to achieving optimum academic...
Proceedings Article

Pain Management, Coping with Stress, and Quality of Life for Women with Fibromyalgia: A Qualitative Case Study

Euis Desy Mayangsari, Elizabeth Kristi Poerwandari, Mellia Christia
Fibromyalgia (FM) is a chronic illness characterized by pain that spreads throughout the body, accompanied by other symptoms. In general, fibromyalgia sufferers experience fatigue, mood disorders, dizziness, sleep disturbances, and difficulty in concentrating. Other symptoms are also often found in people...
Proceedings Article

Multiple strategies for relaxation techniques to manage attrition or dropout in reducing Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD) symptoms: A case study of Indonesian Homemaker

Faiz Agung Baskoro, Lathifah Hanum
Similar to other anxiety disorders, reducing the intensity and the emersion of generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) symptoms of the client is somewhat necessary before managing the primary resource of the disorder. However, an undeniable circumstance is that the client experienced a stuck point where they...
Proceedings Article

Counseling as Treatment for Major Depressive Disorder (MDD) in a Woman Participating Radical Organization: A Case Study

Hasna Nadira, Indira Primasari
Depression is one of the most common mental disorders worldwide. Despite the bulk of literature on effective treatments for Major Depressive Disorder (MDD) that has been published, the discussion regarding treatment for depression related to involvement in radical organizations has remained sparse in...
Proceedings Article

Schizophrenia Behind the Great Jazz

Hersa Aranti, Elizabeth Kristi Poerwandari, Agustin Sukarlan Basri
Charles “Buddy” Bolden's schizophrenia forced him to play his cornet through improvisation. From that, a new genre of music was born in 1917, known today as jazz. Tom Harrell, a well-known and award-winning jazz musician in the 1970s, also had schizophrenia. Speculations arose about how schizophrenia...
Proceedings Article

Religious and Spiritual Struggle among Indonesian Students: Who Struggle More, Males or Females?

Ihan Martoyo, Yonathan Aditya, Riryn Sani, Rudi Pramono
Previous studies in the West have found that gender impacts upon religiousness. However, religiousness is also affected by culture, and several studies in Indonesia found no gender effect. This study investigates whether there is a gender effect on another aspect of religion, called religious and spiritual...
Proceedings Article

Students’ Metacognition and Personal Epistemology: View on Family

Judy S. Tanael, Maria Asuncion L. Magsino
Personal epistemology refers to personal theories of knowledge and how knowledge is justified. The trajectory of intellectual and moral development proceeds in three major stages. Firstly, simplistic or black and white thinking; secondly, relativistic thinking which considers different perspectives as...
Proceedings Article

The Effectiveness of Psychoeducation in Managing Caregiver Burden in Schizophrenia Caregivers

Laurentius Sandi Witarso, Sali Rahadi Asih, Dharmayati Utoyo Lubis
People suffering from schizophrenia are limited in daily function and working ability, thus making them unproductive and requiring assistance to meet their daily needs. The assistance is usually provided by an informal caregiver. Living with a person with schizophrenia is very stressful and can lead...
Proceedings Article

Parents’ Marital Status and Psychological Distress among College Students

Lavenda Geshica, Sugiarti Musabiq
The main objective of the recent study was to explore the association between parents’ marital status and psychological distress in college student. The sample consisted of 1024 students from various colleges in Indonesia (297 men and 727 women). Psychological distress was measured by the Bahasa Indonesia...
Proceedings Article

“As if There is a Stranger in my House Now:” Psychological Ambiguous Loss Experienced by Spousal Caregivers of Patients of Anxiety Disorders

Liebe M. E. P. P. Poli, Sri Redatin Retno Pudjiati, Efriyani Djuwita
Psychological ambiguous loss (PAL) affects varied populations including the spousal caregivers of people who suffer from chronic mental disorders. Anxiety disorders (AD) represent a common and chronic mental disorder that exerts significant impact on patients as well as their spousal caregivers. To date,...
Proceedings Article

Correlation Between Family Functioning and Caregiver Burden among Family Caregivers of Patients with Breast Cancer

Marisya Putri Andina, Lifina Dewi Pohan
Breast cancer is the most common chronic disease among Indonesian women. During treatment, patients require assistance with carrying out daily activities. Family members, as the basic unit, usually become caregivers for patients with breast cancer. As a caregiver, a family member must sometimes manage...
Proceedings Article

The Correlation between Family Functioning and Quality of Life among Family Caregiver of Cervical Cancer Patients

Rinella Febry Autrilia, Lifina Dewi Pohan
The manner in which a family functions in its daily activities becomes vital when family units are required to handle certain serious situations such as a member being diagnosed and treated for cervical cancer. Both patients and the family members who provide care for them can experience stress in such...
Proceedings Article

The Relationship between Boredom Proneness and Sensation Seeking among Adolescent and Adult Former Drug Users

Safira Putri Nabilla, Mellia Christia, Cantyo Attindriyo Dannisworo
Boredom has been shown to be associated with a variety of untoward individual subjective feelings including worthlessness, having nothing to do, feeling that time is going slowly, dissatisfaction, hopelessness, fretfulness, stress and feeling trapped. These feelings can be caused by situations outside...
Proceedings Article

The Journey of Finding Meaning in Life: Posttraumatic Growth Experience in Notable Holocaust Survivors

Sri Wulandari, Elizabeth Kristi Poerwandari, Augustine A. Basri
Posttraumatic growth (PTG) refers to the occurrence of positive psychological changes following a traumatic event. The Holocaust was one of the most traumatic events in modern civilization, yet many Holocaust survivors have found meaning even in this painful experience, and their search for and discovery...
Proceedings Article

Seeking the Mediating Effect of Optimism toward Hardiness and Health-Promoting Behavior among East Jakarta’s Low-Income Community

Sugiarti Musabiq, Dito Ario Wibowo, Dini Hanifa
East Jakarta, as an administrative city within Jakarta, suffers from increasing number of low-income communities along with unhealthy characteristics that may lead to future problems for residents, such as poor sanitation, lack of education, and low awareness of health and hygiene. East Jakarta is the...
Proceedings Article

Combining Methods of CBT and Progressive Relaxation for Treating Primary Insomnia: A Case Study

Syazka Kirani Narindra, Sugiarti Musabiq
Primary insomnia is a mental health problem that is often reported due to the combination of either difficulty in falling asleep or maintaining sleep. It is known that people with primary insomnia experience an increased arousal of physiological, cognitive or emotional process, combined with negative...
Proceedings Article

The Impact of Illness Perception on Adherence in Coronary Heart Patient: The Mediating Role of Heart-Focused Anxiety and Depression

Talitha Sya'banah Fajrin Sudana, Sali Rahadi Asih
In Indonesia, following stroke, coronary heart disease is the highest cause of mortality at all ages, approximately 12.9%. Treatment recommendations for cardiac disease include medication and lifestyle changes that need close patient adherence. Non-adherence is likely to worsen patient conditions, yet...
Proceedings Article

Brief-Acceptance and Commitment Therapy in a Group of Young Adult Women with Emotional Eating

Talitha Sya'banah Fajrin Sudana, Dini Rahma Bintari
A dietary habit online survey in July 2017 revealed that more than half the participants ate when they experienced negative emotions. Emotional eating is overeating or binge eating in response to a negative mood, in particular, anger, sadness, and anxiety. Individuals with this condition eat to alleviate...
Proceedings Article

The Implementation of Brief-ACT in a Group Setting to Reduce Body Dissatisfaction among Young Adult Women

Vitriyanti Sukarno Karyo, Dini Rahma Bintari
Body dissatisfaction is a problem that disrupts various areas of an individual's life and causes psychological effects that may lead to malfunction in some areas of life. Body dissatisfaction itself is a trajectory that begins in adolescence and peaks in early adulthood. Emerging adulthood is typically...
Proceedings Article

Perceived Social Support and Romantic Relationship Quality: Better Wingman, Parent or Friend?

Walton Wider, Goh Pheng Yuen, Yap Lik Ken, How Wei Kuen
Perceived Social Support and Romantic Relationship Quality: Better Wingman, Parent or Friend?
Proceedings Article

Self-Efficacy as the Mediator of the Relationship between Paternal Approval and Suicidal Ideation among Malaysian Adolescents

Shin Ling Wu, Siti Nor Yaacob
Suicide phenomenon among young generation has become a leading cause of death especially among adolescents. In Asian countries, suicidal rate is at an alarming state in which it has contributed around 60% of the world suicide cases. In order to prevent suicidal behavior, suicidal ideation need to be...
Proceedings Article

Problem-Based Learning in Programming Lesson

Achmad Aliyil Khakim
Problem-based learning (PBL) is an important practice that provides suitable learning environments for learners through which they acquire complex problem-solving skills (PSS) by working with real-life problem situations (Efendioglu, 2015). Problems push people to think creatively, efficiently, and effectively....
Proceedings Article

Does the Availability of Information Matter for Parents’ Attitude Towards Children with Special Needs?

Andi Nur Zamzam Arman, Farida Kurniawati
This research assesses parents’ attitude towards children with special needs based on the availability of information regarding inclusive preschool education programs. The research was conducted with 268 parents of pre-kindergarten children from inclusive preschools in Jakarta and Depok. Of these, 118...
Proceedings Article

Relationship between intellectual intelligence, Figural Creativity, and Innovation

Billy Hendrik, Nazlena Mohamad Ali, Riza Sulaiman, Mardhiah Masril, Harry Theozard Fikri
To compete in the industrial revolution 4.0 era, a country must have qualified human resources. While the intelligence quotient (IQ) has been commonly used as a benchmark for the quality of human resources, according to Peter Drucker (2005), the quality of human resources in a country cannot only be...
Proceedings Article

Teacher Characteristics and Gifted Student Engagement as Influencing Factors on Academic Performance in Junior High School

Carissa Dwilani Susantya, Lydia Freyani Hawadi
Gifted students have enormous potential that needs to be nurtured. Additionally, gifted students also have special needs in the academic field that must be met to optimally develop their potential. The teacher holds the most important role in developing this potential. Academic performance is strongly...
Proceedings Article

Relationship Between Personality Traits and Attitude Toward Inclusive Education in Indonesian Preschool Teachers

Chairunnisa Rizkiah, Farida Kurniawati
This study investigated the relationship between the preschool teacher personality traits determined using Costa-McCrae’s Five Factor Model of Personality and the individual attitude toward inclusive education, and also examined whether this attitude was affected by teaching experience and professional...
Proceedings Article

The Effectiveness of the SERASI Intervention Program in Improving Parents’ Positive Attitudes towards Students with Disabilities

Farida Aini, Farida Kurniawati
Improving parents’ positive attitudes towards students with disabilities is the first step in increasing their role in inclusive education. The SERASI (Sekolah Ramah Inklusi) intervention program was designed to improve the attitudes of parents of general education students towards students with disabilities...
Proceedings Article

Pre-Service Teachers’ Attitudes Toward Inclusive Education

Fika Fatia Qandhi, Farida Kurniawati
Implementing inclusive education requires not only facilities and physical support but also human resources, in this case pre-service teachers. Pre-service teachers, who come from different educational backgrounds, are one of the most important components in implementing inclusive education due to their...