Can Religiousness be Associated with Religious and Spiritual Struggles?
Yonatha Aditya, Riryn Sani, Ihan Martoyo, Rudi Pramono
Available Online August 2019.
- https://doi.org/10.2991/iciap-18.2019.91How to use a DOI?
- religiousness, religious and spiritual struggles, dark side of religiousness.
- Religiousness has been shown to have a positive effect on both physical and mental health. However, several studies found that religiousness can be linked to religious and spiritual struggles that have negative effects on physical and mental health. The purpose of this study is to explore the effect of religiousness on religious and spiritual struggles, if any. A quantitative, non-experimental, correlational, cross-sectional design was used. The Four Basic Dimensions of Religiousness Scale (4-BDRS) and The Religious and Spiritual Struggles Scale (R/SS) were administered to 160 college students from several cities in Indonesia through an online survey. A multiple regression test found that three dimensions of 4-BDRS had a significant effect on religious and spiritual struggles. Behaving had a significant positive effect (β =.2, ρ <.05), while Believing (β = -.25, ρ <.05) and Bonding (β = -.25, ρ <.05) had a significant negative effect. Belonging did not have a significant effect. This study sheds light on the potential dark side that religiousness might have. While total religiousness can minimize religious and spiritual struggles as can some of its dimensions, in this study, focusing only on Behaving dimensions increased religious and spiritual struggles. Hence, the four components of religiousness need to be cultivated for the positive effects of religiousness to appear. Otherwise, religiousness might be the source of the problem. Implications and applications of this study are also discussed.
- Open Access
- This is an open access article distributed under the CC BY-NC license.
Cite this article
TY - CONF AU - Yonatha Aditya AU - Riryn Sani AU - Ihan Martoyo AU - Rudi Pramono PY - 2019/08 DA - 2019/08 TI - Can Religiousness be Associated with Religious and Spiritual Struggles? BT - 2nd International Conference on Intervention and Applied Psychology (ICIAP 2018) PB - Atlantis Press SP - 1092 EP - 1100 SN - 2352-5398 UR - https://doi.org/10.2991/iciap-18.2019.91 DO - https://doi.org/10.2991/iciap-18.2019.91 ID - Aditya2019/08 ER -