Citing and Using a Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

Citing an Article Using a DOI Link

Digital Object Identifiers (DOIs) can be used to cite and link to electronic articles. A DOI is guaranteed to never change, so can be used as a persistent identifier to permanently link to an electronic article no matter where it is stored. An example of a citation using a DOI is the following:

  • A. Fring, N. Manojlovic. G2-Calogero-Moser Lax Operators from Reduction. Journal of Nonlinear Mathematical Physics, 13 (2006), 467-478. doi:10.2991/jnmp.2006.13.4.1

Finding an Article Using a DOI Link

When you see a DOI reference to an article online, you can usually just click on the DOI to access the article (provided that - if applicable - you have the required access rights to the platform where the article is located).

In cases where you see a DOI in a printed document or if the online DOI is not clickable for some reason, it is possible to access the article as follows:

  1. Copy the DOI of the article that you want to access (e.g.: 10.2991/jnmp.2006.13.4.1).
  2. Go to, enter the DOI in the text box provided and click 'Go'.
  3. The document that matches the DOI you entered will display in your browser window.

The DOI scheme is administered by the International DOI Foundation and is based on a linking scheme known as Crossref. For more extensive information on DOIs, please refer to the Crossref DOI Guide.