Seeking the Mediating Effect of Optimism toward Hardiness and Health-Promoting Behavior among East Jakarta’s Low-Income Community
Sugiarti Musabiq, Dito Ario Wibowo, Dini Hanifa
Available Online August 2019.
- https://doi.org/10.2991/iciap-18.2019.37How to use a DOI?
- East Jakarta, hardiness, health promoting behavior, optimism, low-income community
- East Jakarta, as an administrative city within Jakarta, suffers from increasing number of low-income communities along with unhealthy characteristics that may lead to future problems for residents, such as poor sanitation, lack of education, and low awareness of health and hygiene. East Jakarta is the most populated area in Jakarta and the highest waste-producing. The Indonesian Ministry of Health stated the area has the highest number of households considered unhealthy. The government health-promoting behavior campaign (Perilaku hidup bersih dan sehat, PHBS) is not highly applied in the area, and there is a need for residents to be empowered through the campaign to improve their awareness. Hardiness as a dispositional characteristic of individuals may encourage health-promoting behavior (HPB); however, difficulties may occur due to the limited resources of health facilities in low-income communities. Optimism may play a role in increasing health behavior and strengthening hardiness. This study aims to investigate the mediating effect of optimism on the relationship between hardiness and HPB as part of the A purposive sampling technique was used to identify the area with the highest poverty level. One hundred fifty residents aged 18-29 from Kampung Melayu dan Cipinang Besar administrative villages, the area with the highest poverty level in the Jatinegara subdistrict of East Jakarta, were asked to fill out a questionnaire. They all had at least an elementary school education. All were categorized as low-income by local health workers. The data were analyzed using SPSS version 21 with Hayes’ PROCESS bootstrap method.
- Open Access
- This is an open access article distributed under the CC BY-NC license.
Cite this article
TY - CONF AU - Sugiarti Musabiq AU - Dito Ario Wibowo AU - Dini Hanifa PY - 2019/08 DA - 2019/08 TI - Seeking the Mediating Effect of Optimism toward Hardiness and Health-Promoting Behavior among East Jakarta’s Low-Income Community BT - 2nd International Conference on Intervention and Applied Psychology (ICIAP 2018) PB - Atlantis Press SP - 458 EP - 463 SN - 2352-5398 UR - https://doi.org/10.2991/iciap-18.2019.37 DO - https://doi.org/10.2991/iciap-18.2019.37 ID - Musabiq2019/08 ER -