Proceedings of the 2nd International Conference on Intervention and Applied Psychology (ICIAP 2018)

False Memory after a Traffic Accident: The Effect of Word Types and Gender

Authors
Diandra Yasmine Irwanda, Dewi Maulina
Corresponding Author
Dewi Maulina
Available Online August 2019.
DOI
https://doi.org/10.2991/iciap-18.2019.86How to use a DOI?
Keywords
false memory, gender differences, traffic accident trauma, eyewitness recall
Abstract
When an accident happens, eyewitnesses become important so that the police get a clear description of the case. Unfortunately, eyewitness testimony is easily corrupted with false memory errors. This study examined the effects of word type and gender on the formation of false memories in the context of a traffic accident. In this study, male and female participants were each given a Deese-Roediger-McDermott list with neutral, negative, and accident-related words. The participants in this study were 60 motorcyclists who had been involved in a traffic accident previously. After seeing the Deese-Roediger-McDermott (DRM) list, participants were given a recall and recognition test to measure false memories of list items. The results showed that there was a significant false memory effect based on word type in the recall test and the recognition test. The accident-related word type produced more false memories than the neutral and negative types. There was no significant effect for gender or between word type and gender for the formation of false memories.
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Proceedings
2nd International Conference on Intervention and Applied Psychology (ICIAP 2018)
Part of series
Advances in Social Science, Education and Humanities Research
Publication Date
August 2019
ISBN
978-94-6252-782-9
ISSN
2352-5398
DOI
https://doi.org/10.2991/iciap-18.2019.86How to use a DOI?
Open Access
This is an open access article distributed under the CC BY-NC license.

Cite this article

TY  - CONF
AU  - Diandra Yasmine Irwanda
AU  - Dewi Maulina
PY  - 2019/08
DA  - 2019/08
TI  - False Memory after a Traffic Accident: The Effect of Word Types and Gender
BT  - 2nd International Conference on Intervention and Applied Psychology (ICIAP 2018)
PB  - Atlantis Press
SP  - 1043
EP  - 1051
SN  - 2352-5398
UR  - https://doi.org/10.2991/iciap-18.2019.86
DO  - https://doi.org/10.2991/iciap-18.2019.86
ID  - Irwanda2019/08
ER  -