Journal of Epidemiology and Global Health

Volume 9, Issue 1, March 2019
Research Article

2. Demographics of Pediatric Orbital Lesions: A Tertiary Eye Center Experience in Saudi Arabia

Hind Manaa Alkatan, Faisal Al Marek, Sahar Elkhamary
Pages: 3 - 10
Orbital lesions vary in their classification, incidence, and presentation depending on the age and geographic distribution. Such lesions in the pediatric age group have been studied extensively because of the possibility of faster progression of orbital involvement and the higher risk of morbidity in...
Research Article

3. Indonesian Hajj Cohorts and Mortality in Saudi Arabia from 2004 to 2011

Masdalina Pane, Fiona Yin Mei Kong, Tri Bayu Purnama, Kathryn Glass, Sholah Imari, Gina Samaan, Hitoshi Oshitani
Pages: 11 - 18
The Hajj is an annual pilgrimage that 1–2 million Muslims undertake in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA), which is the largest mass gathering event in the world, as the world’s most populous Muslim nation, Indonesia holds the largest visa quota for the Hajj. All Hajj pilgrims under the quota system are...
Research Article

4. Malnutrition and Childhood Illness among 1–5-year-old Children in an Urban Slum in Faridabad: A Cross-Sectional Study

Goyal Pooja, Lukhmana Shveta, Dixit Shivam, Singh Abhishek
Pages: 19 - 22
A community-based, cross-sectional study was conducted among 202 children aged 1–5 years residing in an urban slum to study the extent of malnutrition and its association with common childhood illness(es). The participants were selected using convenient sampling (nonprobability), and the appropriate...
Research Article

5. Intention to Quit among Smokers in Kazakhstan: Data from 2014 Global Adult Tobacco Survey

Qian Wang, Komi Mati
Pages: 23 - 28
Kazakhstan is one of the countries with higher-than-average smoking prevalence and tobacco-related mortality. Intention to quit is a key step toward smoking cessation, yet has not been studied in Kazakhstan. This study explored prevalence and correlates of intention to quit among smokers in Kazakhstan....
Research Article

6. Years Lived with Disability due to Alzheimer’s Disease and Other Dementias in Asian and North African Countries: A Trend Analysis

Maedeh Amini, Farid Zayeri, Sahar Saeedi Moghaddam
Pages: 29 - 35
In Asia, which has a rapidly aging population, dementia is the most prominent disease. This article presents an application of Latent Growth Mixture Model (LGMM) to identify classes of individual Alzheimer’s Disease (AD) and other dementias Years Lived with Disability (YLD) rates for Asian and North...
Research Article

7. Research Priorities of Clinical Nurses and Midwives in the Eastern Mediterranean Region: a Mixed Methods Study

Carolyn J. Sun, Caroline J. Fu, Roa Altaweli, Salem Al Touby, Cheherezade Ghazi, Maaly Guimei
Pages: 36 - 43
Effective use of resources in healthcare research is essential in meeting the United Nation’s Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) 3 to achieve universal health coverage, increase retention of healthcare workers, and strengthen the capacity of all countries to reduce risk and manage global health risks;...
Research Article

8. Antibiotic Prescribing Rate in Lebanese Community Pharmacies: A Nationwide Patient-Simulated Study of Acute Bacterial Rhinosinusitis

Sally G. Yaacoub, Nathalie A. Lahoud, Nicole J. Francis, Deema W. Rahme, Tony H. Murr, Patrick F. Maison, Nadine G. Saleh
Pages: 44 - 49
This study aims to evaluate the antibiotic prescribing rate for acute bacterial rhinosinusitis in community pharmacies and to study the corresponding attitude and behavior of participants. A cross-sectional, nationwide study was conducted using a patient-simulated case of bacterial rhinosinusitis. Descriptive...
Research Article

9. Playground-related Extremity Fractures in an Asian Setting over the Last Decade – Are We Safe?

Kenneth Pak Leung Wong, Jeannie Leh Ying Wong, Arjandas Mahadev
Pages: 50 - 55
The cost of playground-related injuries remains significant. Measures adopted to prevent such fractures or reduce their severity would translate into appreciable financial savings. Our study looks at the changes in playground-related extremity fracture epidemiology over the past decade after the implementation...
Research Article

10. Pediatric Multidrug-resistant Tuberculosis in Kyiv City, Ukraine

Silvia Shinpei Chiang, Yana Sheremeta, Rachel Sophie Padilla, Helen Elizabeth Jenkins, Charles Robert Horsburgh, Vasyl Petrenko, Natasha Renee Rybak
Pages: 56 - 61
Few reports have described pediatric Multidrug-resistant Tuberculosis (MDR-TB) in the former Soviet republics, despite the fact that these countries have the highest proportion of TB cases that are MDR. We aimed to examine pediatric MDR-TB in Ukraine. This retrospective cohort study included all children...
Research Article

11. Cigarette and Waterpipe Smoking are Associated with the Risk of Stroke in Lebanon

Maya El-Hajj, Pascale Salameh, Samar Rachidi, Amal Al-Hajje, Hassan Hosseini
Pages: 62 - 70
Cigarette and waterpipe (shisha and hookah) smoking are main public health concerns in Lebanon. We aim to assess the relationship between smoking and stroke, mainly waterpipe smoking, to better apply preventive and therapeutic interventions. A case-control study was conducted at five tertiary private...
Research Article

12. Mass Gathering Medicine (Hajj Pilgrimage in Saudi Arabia): The Outcome of Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation during Hajj

Bader Hamza Shirah, Fareed Abdulmuhsen Al Nozha, Syed Husham Zafar, Hussain Mohammed Kalumian
Pages: 71 - 75
The annual Hajj (pilgrimage) to the Islamic holy shrines at the city of Makkah in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia is one of the largest yearly recurring mass gatherings worldwide. We aim to evaluate the outcome of outside and inside the hospital cardiopulmonary resuscitation to resuscitate cardiopulmonary...
Research Article

13. Exploring Sexual Behaviour and Associated Factors among Adolescents in Saudi Arabia: A Call to End Ignorance

Ali Saad R. Alsubaie
Pages: 76 - 80
Little is known about sexual behaviour, attitudes, and associated factors among adolescents in Saudi Arabia. A cross-sectional study using a multistage sampling technique was conducted among 453 male adolescents selected from high schools in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. About 54.1% of the adolescents practiced...
Research Article

14. Prevalence, Characteristics, Risk Factors, and Impact of Intestinal Parasitic Infections on School Children in Jeddah, Western Saudi Arabia

Marwan A. Bakarman, Moustafa A. Hegazi, Nadeem S. Butt
Pages: 81 - 87
Intestinal Parasitic Infections (IPIs) are a major public health problem worldwide, especially among children with a need for periodical evaluation of prevalence and risk factors to adopt an appropriate prevention strategy. This cross-sectional prospective study was conducted to identify prevalence,...