Journal of Epidemiology and Global Health

Volume 8, Issue 1-2, December 2018
Research Article

1. The Rise of Noncommunicable Diseases in Kenya: An Examination of the Time Trends and Contribution of the Changes in Diet and Physical Inactivity

Edward Michieka Onyango, Benjamin Moranga Onyango
Pages: 1 - 7
This study examined correlations of historical changes in diet and physical inactivity with the rise of noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) in Kenya. Historical data on diet, wage jobs by industry, urbanization, gross domestic product (GDP), and morbidity due to NCDs were extracted from Kenya Statistical...
Research Article

2. Evaluation of the Effectiveness of Health Education on Menopause Symptoms and Knowledge and Attitude in Terms of Menopause

Tugce Koyuncu, Alaettin Unsal, Didem Arslantas
Pages: 8 - 12
This study was carried out to evaluate the effectiveness of health education on menopausal symptoms, knowledge, and attitudes about menopause. To evaluate the efficacy of a training program, information about menopausal symptoms, knowledge, and attitude toward menopause was collected before and after...
Research Article

3. Lifestyle Habits in Relation to Overweight and Obesity among Saudi Women Attending Health Science Colleges

Manan A. Alhakbany, Hana A. Alzamil, Wajude A. Alabdullatif, Shahad N. Aldekhyyel, Munirah N. Alsuhaibani, Hazzaa M. Al-Hazzaa
Pages: 13 - 19
The study examined the associations between lifestyle habits and overweight/obesity among Saudi females attending health science colleges. A total of 454 female students were randomly recruited from five health science colleges at King Saud University, using a multistage stratified cluster sampling technique....
Review Article

4. Vitamin A Supplementation for Prevention and Treatment of Malaria during Pregnancy and Childhood: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis

Mohammad Yawar Yakoob, Murad Qadir, Omm-e-Hany
Pages: 20 - 28
Animal studies have shown that vitamin A plays a role in immunity and protection against infectious diseases. Its role reducing incidence of diarrhea and measles, and childhood mortality is known, but its role in relation to malaria is unclear. Thus, a comprehensive, systematic literature search was...
Research Article

5. Seasonal Activity of Influenza in Iran: Application of Influenza-like Illness Data from Sentinel Sites of Healthcare Centers during 2010 to 2015

Seyedhadi Hosseini, Manoochehr Karami, Maryam Farhadian, Younes Mohammadi
Pages: 29 - 33
This study aimed to predict seasonal influenza activity and detection of influenza outbreaks. Data of all registered cases (n = 53,526) of influenza-like illnesses (ILIs) from sentinel sites of healthcare centers in Iran were obtained from the FluNet web-based tool, World Health Organization (WHO), from...
Research Article

6. Women’s Knowledge on Ovarian Cancer Symptoms and Risk Factors in Nigeria: An Institutional-based Study

Adeyemi Adebola Okunowo, Victoria Olawunmi Adaramoye
Pages: 34 - 41
Ovarian cancer is the 2nd most common and the deadliest gynecological malignancy in Nigeria; yet very little is known about women’s knowledge about the disease in our environment. We evaluated the levels of awareness of ovarian cancer risk factors and symptoms among the Nigerian women, and also determined...
Research Article

7. Sex and Gender Differences in Acute Pediatric Diarrhea: A Secondary Analysis of the DHAKA Study

Angela F. Jarman, Sara E. Long, Sarah E. Robertson, Sabiha Nasrin, Nur Haque Alam, Alyson J. McGregor, Adam C. Levine
Pages: 42 - 47
Pediatric diarrheal disease is a significant source of morbidity and mortality in the developing world. While several studies have demonstrated an increased incidence of diarrheal illness in boys compared with girls in low- and middle-income countries (LMIC), the reasons for this difference are unclear....
Research Article

8. Development of an Arabic Version of the Hiroshima University-Dental Behavioral Inventory: Cross-cultural Adaptation, Reliability, and Validity

Dany Daou, Khaldoun Rifai, Bassel Doughan, Mounir Doumit
Pages: 48 - 53
The Hiroshima University-Dental Behavioral Inventory (HU-DBI) has not been adequately translated to the Arabic language. The aim of this study is the translation and cultural adaption of the English HU-DBI into standard Arabic. The English HU-DBI was translated into Arabic by three bilingual dental academics....
Research Article

9. Burden of Breast Cancer in the Arab World: Findings from Global Burden of Disease, 2016

M. Jawad Hashim, Fatima A. Al-Shamsi, Noura A. Al-Marzooqi, Sarah S. Al-Qasemi, Ali H. Mokdad, Gulfaraz Khan
Pages: 54 - 58
Epidemiology of breast cancer in the Arab region is understudied as compared with Western countries. We aimed to examine breast cancer epidemiology in Arab countries from 1990 to 2016. We analyzed the Global Burden of Disease, 2016 data for breast cancer among women in 22 Arab countries. Epidemiological...
Research Article

10. Armed Conflict in Central America and Immigrant Food Insecurity in the United States

Jeremy C. Green, Eric Adjei Boakye, Ellen K. Barnidge, Michael G. Vaughn
Pages: 59 - 64
Central American immigrants to the United States are a growing population with rates of food insecurity that exceed national averages. We analyzed multiple years of data from the Center for System Peace and the Current Population Survey, Food Security Survey Module, from 1998 to 2015. We used ordered...
Research Article

11. Clinical Decision-making among Emergency Physicians: Experiential or Rational?

Khalid Talal Aldamiri, Faisal Ahmed Alhusain, Amal Almoamary, Khalid Alshehri, Nawfal Al Jerian
Pages: 65 - 68
It has been postulated that everyone has an affinity for one of two cognitive approaches: experiential (intuitive) or rational (conscious). The aim of this study was to analyze the thinking processes of Saudi emergency physicians at nine hospitals in Riyadh. This was a cross-sectional study, which was...
Research Article

12. Health Insurance: Awareness, Utilization, and its Determinants among the Urban Poor in Delhi, India

Yadlapalli S. Kusuma, Manisha Pal, Bontha V. Babu
Pages: 69 - 76
This study reports the awareness, access, and utilization of health insurance by the urban poor in Delhi, India. The study included 2998 households from 85 urban clusters spread across Delhi. The data were collected through a pretested, interviewer-administered questionnaire. Logistic regression was...
Research Article

13. Association between the Human Development Index and Millennium Development Goals 6 Indicators in Sub-Saharan Africa from 2000 to 2014: Implications for the New Sustainable Development Goals

MLH Mabaso, TP Zama, L Mlangeni, S Mbiza, ZL Mkhize-Kwitshana
Pages: 77 - 81
It is important to assess whether regional progress toward achieving the millennium development goals (MDGs) has contributed to human development and whether this has had an effect on the triple burden of disease in the continent. This analysis investigates the association between the human development...
Research Article

14. Factors Associated with Functional Disability Among Lebanese Elderly Living in Rural Areas: Role of Polypharmacy, Alcohol Consumption, and Nutrition-based on the Aging and Malnutrition in Elderly Lebanese (AMEL) Study

Elias Zgheib, Elsy Ramia, Souheil Hallit, Christa Boulos, Pascale Salameh
Pages: 82 - 90
The objective is to describe disability risk factors in Lebanese elderly living in rural settings, focusing on the role of polypharmacy, alcohol consumption, and nutrition. The Aging and Malnutrition in Elderly Lebanese study, a cross-sectional population-based one (April 2011–April 2012), included 1200...
Research Article

15. An Exposure Appraisal of Outdoor Air Pollution on the Respiratory Well-being of a Developing City Population

Yahaya A. Aliyu, Joel O. Botai
Pages: 91 - 100
Zaria is the educational hub of northern Nigeria. It is a developing city with a pollution level high enough to be ranked amongst the World Health Organization’s (WHO) most polluted cities. The study appraised the influence of outdoor air pollution on the respiratory well-being of a population in a limited...