Artery Research

Volume 23, Issue C, September 2018
Research Article

1. Does combining elastic and weight resistance acutely protect against the impairment of flow-mediated dilatation in untrained men?

Kampanart Paditsaeree, Witid Mitranun
Pages: 1 - 8
Background: The evidence that the combination of elastic and weight resistance training acutely affects or improves resultant responses to conduit artery function is anecdotal. The aim of this study was to examine brachial artery flow-mediated vasodilation (FMD) before and after acute exercise when performed...
Review Article

2. Cardioliths in 19th century medical literature

Gregory Tsoucalas, Theodoros G. Papaioannou, Charalampos Vlachopoulos, Marianna Karamanou
Pages: 9 - 13
During 19th century the term “cardiolith” was widely used to describe a cluster of cardiac entities that could cause sudden death. Blood clots, polypoid growths, microorganisms and inflammation were implicated. Scientists of the era described formations that could enter any heart chamber after having...
Research Article

3. Could BMP-2 and BMP-7 be biomarkers of coronary artery disease? A pilot clinical study

Saeed Nazemi, Atefeh Rezapour, Seyed Mohammad Hasan Moallem, Mohammad Afshar, Sepideh Elyasi, Elham Hashemi, Sheyda Golmohammadzadeh, Azadeh Zaerzadeh, Vahid Jomezadeh, Amir Hooshang Mohammadpour
Pages: 14 - 19
Background: Coronary artery calcification (CAC) is utilized as an important tool for the global risk assessment of cardiovascular events in individuals with intermediate risk. BMP-2 is a powerful inducer of bone formation and exposure to BMP-2 in the arteries leads to the loss of vascular smooth muscle...
Research Article

4. Porphyromonas gingivalis vesicles reduce MDA-LDL levels and aortic wall thickness in high fat diet induced atherosclerosis rats

Aditya Indra Mahendra, Jonny Karunia Fajar, Harapan Harapan, Teuku Heriansyah, Sumarno Reto Prawiro, Edi Widjajanto, Mohammad Saifur Rohman, Karyono Mintaroem, Budi Susetio Pikir, Yash Prashar
Pages: 20 - 27
Background: Recently, atherosclerosis-associated disease has been reported simultaneously increased. Whereas, to date, no atherosclerosis vaccine is available. Since the epitope mimicry between malondialdehyde low-density lipoprotein (MDA-LDL) and arginine specific epitope gingipain (Rgp) on the Porphyromonas...
Short Communication

5. Does the acute hemodynamic response to a maximum running exercise depend on the aerobic training status of the subjects?

Fabian Tomschi, Hannah Ottmann, Joachim Latsch, Hans-Georg Predel, Wilhelm Bloch, Marijke Grau
Pages: 28 - 31
Background: High-intensity training has become increasingly popular in recent years but the exact effects of high intensity running on the hemodynamic system are not entirely understood and it is unknown whether the aerobic training status of the subjects might influence these hemodynamic reactions....
Research Article

6. Validity and reliability of carotid-toe pulse wave velocity as a measure of arterial stiffness in healthy individuals: Comparison to carotid-femoral pulse wave velocity

Stephen A. Klassen, Kylie S. Dempster, Daniele Chirico, Deborah D. O’Leary
Pages: 32 - 38
Purpose: The present investigation evaluated the validity and reliability of carotid-toe PWV (ctPWV) as a non-intrusive measure of systemic arterial stiffness in healthy young adults. Methods: The Validity Trial examined the association and agreement between cfPWV and ctPWV in 33 adults (24 ± 2 years;...
Research Article

7. Anatomical characterization of the vertebral artery from a local study population using angiography by computed tomography

Gloria Patricia Baena-Caldas, Juan Felipe Orejuela Zapata, Ana María Granados Sánchez
Pages: 39 - 43
Purpose: Despite most anatomical variations of the vertebral artery (VA) related to the origin and intraforaminal entrance remain asymptomatic because of the collateral irrigation system, it is important to know their anatomical presentation in order to prevent complications than could be neurologically...
Research Article

9. The decrease of Tie-2 receptor phosphorylation in microvascular endothelial cells is involved in early brain injury after subarachnoid hemorrhage

Hua Gu, Yi-qi Wang, Chao-Hui Zhao, Xing-ming Zhong, Jian-guo Yang
Pages: 45 - 51
Purpose: Loose endothelial cells and the destruction of the blood–brain barrier (BBB) are one of the pathophysiological mechanisms of early brain injury (EBI) after subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH). Tie-2 receptor phosphorylation is important for maintaining integrity of microvascular endothelial cells...
Short Communication

10. Sex differences in aortic stiffness following acute resistance exercise

Jacqueline A. Augustine, Wesley K. Lefferts, Kevin S. Heffernan
Pages: 52 - 55
Research Article

11. Modeling radial artery pressure waveforms using curve fitting: Comparison of four types of fitting functions

Xinge Jiang, Shoushui Wei, Jingbo Ji, Feifei Liu, Peng Li, Chengyu Liu
Pages: 56 - 62
Background: Curve fitting has been intensively used to model artery pressure waveform (APW). The modelling accuracy can greatly influence the calculation of APWs parameters that serve as quantitative measures for assessing the morphological characteristics of APWs. However, it is unclear which fitting...
Research Article

12. Resistance training-induced decreases in central arterial compliance is associated with increases in serum thromboxane B2 concentrations in young men

Kaname Tagawa, Song-Gyu Ra, Hiroshi Kumagai, Yuriko Sawano, Kosaku Yamamoto, Toru Yoshikawa, Youngju Choi, Yasuko Yoshida, Kazuhiro Takekoshi, Seiji Maeda
Pages: 63 - 70
Background: Reduction in central arterial compliance is an independent risk factor for cardiovascular disease, and is caused by high-intensity resistance training. The thromboxane has both potent vasoconstrictive and platelet aggregation effects, and is associated with cardiovascular diseases. However,...