Kampanart Paditsaeree, Witid Mitranun
Pages: 1 - 8
Background: The evidence that the combination of elastic and weight resistance training acutely affects or improves resultant responses to conduit artery function is anecdotal. The aim of this study was to examine brachial artery flow-mediated vasodilation (FMD) before and after acute exercise when performed...
Gregory Tsoucalas, Theodoros G. Papaioannou, Charalampos Vlachopoulos, Marianna Karamanou
Pages: 9 - 13
During 19th century the term “cardiolith” was widely used to describe a cluster of cardiac entities that could cause sudden death. Blood clots, polypoid growths, microorganisms and inflammation were implicated. Scientists of the era described formations that could enter any heart chamber after having...
Saeed Nazemi, Atefeh Rezapour, Seyed Mohammad Hasan Moallem, Mohammad Afshar, Sepideh Elyasi, Elham Hashemi, Sheyda Golmohammadzadeh, Azadeh Zaerzadeh, Vahid Jomezadeh, Amir Hooshang Mohammadpour
Pages: 14 - 19
Background: Coronary artery calcification (CAC) is utilized as an important tool for the global risk assessment of cardiovascular events in individuals with intermediate risk. BMP-2 is a powerful inducer of bone formation and exposure to BMP-2 in the arteries leads to the loss of vascular smooth muscle...
Aditya Indra Mahendra, Jonny Karunia Fajar, Harapan Harapan, Teuku Heriansyah, Sumarno Reto Prawiro, Edi Widjajanto, Mohammad Saifur Rohman, Karyono Mintaroem, Budi Susetio Pikir, Yash Prashar
Pages: 20 - 27
Background: Recently, atherosclerosis-associated disease has been reported simultaneously increased. Whereas, to date, no atherosclerosis vaccine is available. Since the epitope mimicry between malondialdehyde low-density lipoprotein (MDA-LDL) and arginine specific epitope gingipain (Rgp) on the Porphyromonas...
Fabian Tomschi, Hannah Ottmann, Joachim Latsch, Hans-Georg Predel, Wilhelm Bloch, Marijke Grau
Pages: 28 - 31
Background: High-intensity training has become increasingly popular in recent years but the exact effects of high intensity running on the hemodynamic system are not entirely understood and it is unknown whether the aerobic training status of the subjects might influence these hemodynamic reactions....
Stephen A. Klassen, Kylie S. Dempster, Daniele Chirico, Deborah D. O’Leary
Pages: 32 - 38
Purpose: The present investigation evaluated the validity and reliability of carotid-toe PWV (ctPWV) as a non-intrusive measure of systemic arterial stiffness in healthy young adults.
Methods: The Validity Trial examined the association and agreement between cfPWV and ctPWV in 33 adults (24 ± 2 years;...
Gloria Patricia Baena-Caldas, Juan Felipe Orejuela Zapata, Ana María Granados Sánchez
Pages: 39 - 43
Purpose: Despite most anatomical variations of the vertebral artery (VA) related to the origin and intraforaminal entrance remain asymptomatic because of the collateral irrigation system, it is important to know their anatomical presentation in order to prevent complications than could be neurologically...
Alun D. Hughes, Nish Chaturvedi
Pages: 44 - 44
Hua Gu, Yi-qi Wang, Chao-Hui Zhao, Xing-ming Zhong, Jian-guo Yang
Pages: 45 - 51
Purpose: Loose endothelial cells and the destruction of the blood–brain barrier (BBB) are one of the pathophysiological mechanisms of early brain injury (EBI) after subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH). Tie-2 receptor phosphorylation is important for maintaining integrity of microvascular endothelial cells...
Jacqueline A. Augustine, Wesley K. Lefferts, Kevin S. Heffernan
Pages: 52 - 55
Xinge Jiang, Shoushui Wei, Jingbo Ji, Feifei Liu, Peng Li, Chengyu Liu
Pages: 56 - 62
Background: Curve fitting has been intensively used to model artery pressure waveform (APW). The modelling accuracy can greatly influence the calculation of APWs parameters that serve as quantitative measures for assessing the morphological characteristics of APWs. However, it is unclear which fitting...
Kaname Tagawa, Song-Gyu Ra, Hiroshi Kumagai, Yuriko Sawano, Kosaku Yamamoto, Toru Yoshikawa, Youngju Choi, Yasuko Yoshida, Kazuhiro Takekoshi, Seiji Maeda
Pages: 63 - 70
Background: Reduction in central arterial compliance is an independent risk factor for cardiovascular disease, and is caused by high-intensity resistance training. The thromboxane has both potent vasoconstrictive and platelet aggregation effects, and is associated with cardiovascular diseases. However,...