Artery Research

Volume 4, Issue 2, June 2010
Guidelines

2. ARTERY Society guidelines for validation of non-invasive haemodynamic measurement devices: Part 1, arterial pulse wave velocity

Ian B. Wilkinson, Carmel M. McEniery, Giuseppe Schillaci, Pierre Boutouyrie, Patrick Segers, Anne Donald, Philip J. Chowienczyk,
Pages: 34 - 40
The last 15 years have seen an explosion of interest in large artery haemodynamics, and arterial stiffness in particular. A number of devices are now available to assess arterial stiffness, and although many are in routine use, they do not necessarily provide identical information. The aim of this statement...
Review Article

3. Shear stress, inflammation and Atherosclerosis

Rob Krams, Simon Cuhlmann, Nicolas Foin, Paul Evans
Pages: 41 - 46
Background: Atherosclerosis is the disease with one of the largest mortalities of the Western world. An important cause of this high mortality rate is rupture of atherosclerotic plaques and subsequent total blockage of the vessel by thrombus. Because, plaque rupture has been associated with a distinct...
Research Article

4. The effects of weight loss using dietary manipulation and rimonabant therapy on arterial stiffness in type 2 diabetes

A. Chakera, S. Bunce, C. Heppenstall, J.C. Smith
Pages: 47 - 51
Background: Obesity is considered an important factor contributing to premature arterial stiffening in type 2 diabetes but it is uncertain whether weight loss through dietary modification leads to a reduction in arterial stiffness. Rimonabant is an anti-obesity drug which, through its pharmacological...
Research Article

5. Oxidative stress and arterial stiffness in strength- and endurance-trained athletes

Youngju Choi, Seiji Maeda, Takeshi Otsuki, Asako Miyaki, Nobutake Shimojo, Mutsuko Yoshizawa, Hitoshi Shiraki, Ryuichi Ajisaka
Pages: 52 - 58
Background: Endurance exercise training decreases arterial stiffness, whereas high-intensity strength exercise training increases arterial stiffness. However, the mechanisms underlying the adaptations to the 2 types of exercise training remain unclear. Increased oxidative stress induces vasoconstriction...
Short Communication

6. Combined imaging, computational and histological analysis of a ruptured carotid plaque: A patient-specific analysis

Giulia Soloperto, Niall G. Keenan, Mary N. Sheppard, Jacques Ohayon, Nigel B. Wood, Dudley J. Pennell, Raad H. Mohiaddin, Xiao Yun Xu
Pages: 59 - 65
Background: Rupture of carotid plaques is an important cause of cerebrovascular events. Several factors, including wall shear stress (WSS), plaque morphology and peak cap stress, have been associated with plaque vulnerability. The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between these factors...