Artery Research

Articles in Press

Research Article

Covid-19 Effects on ARTErial StIffness and Vascular AgeiNg: CARTESIAN Study Rationale and Protocol

Rosa Maria Bruno, Bart Spronck, Bernhard Hametner, Alun Hughes, Patrick Lacolley, Christopher C. Mayer, Maria Lorenza Muiesan, Chakravarthi Rajkumar, Dimitrios Terentes-Printzios, Thomas Weber, Tine Willum Hansen, Pierre Boutouyrie,
In Press, Corrected Proof, Available Online: 8 December 2020
In December 2019, an outbreak of pneumonia caused by a novel Coronavirus (COVID-19) spread rapidly worldwide. Although the clinical manifestations of COVID-19 are dominated by respiratory symptoms, the cardiovascular system is extensively affected at multiple levels. Due to the unprecedented consequences...
Research Article

Factors Associated with Cardio Ankle Vascular Index (CAVI) and its Mathematically Corrected Formula (CAVI0) in Community Dwelling Individuals

Li-Ju Lin, Nan-Chen Hsieh, Shu-Fang Vivienne Wu, Tan-Hsu Tan, Azadeh Alizargar, Chyi-Huey Bai, Javad Alizargar
In Press, Corrected Proof, Available Online: 8 December 2020
Cardio Ankle Vascular Index (CAVI) and mathematically corrected formula derived from it (CAVI0) are indices for arterial stiffness and atherosclerosis. Role of different atherosclerotic risk factors on CAVI and CAVI0 is not clear in the community dwelling individuals. This study aims to evaluate the...
Research Article

Radial Pulse Wave Analysis in Young Male Elite Athletes

Fernando Clara, José Alfie, Gustavo Blanco, Cecilia Resina, Meschino Gustavo, Mariana Fita
In Press, Corrected Proof, Available Online: 12 December 2020
Background: Indicators obtained from the analysis of the radial pulse wave allow an indirect evaluation of the interaction between cardiac ejection and arterial walls. Objectives: To analyze the characteristics of the arterial pulse in young elite athletes through a cross-sectional observational study. Methods:...
Research Article

Central Blood Pressure in Young Kendo Athletes: Implications of Combined Anaerobic and Strength Training

Masaki Yoshioka, Kaname Tagawa, Yuriko Tochigi, Tomohito Sato, Jiyeon Park, Reiko Momma, Youngju Choi, Jun Sugawara, Seiji Maeda
In Press, Corrected Proof, Available Online: 8 January 2021
Background: Exercise training-induced adaptation of central Blood Pressure (BP) depends on exercise mode. Kendo, a traditional Japanese martial art, is a unique exercise mode because its training encompasses anaerobic and resistance training components. However, the effects of habitual kendo training...
Research Article

Differential Sensitivity of Brachial-Ankle Pulse Wave Velocity and Ankle-Brachial Index for Cardiovascular Risk Assessment in Elderly Chinese: A Cross-Sectional Study

Guoxiang Fu, Yuan Zhong, Fengfeng Pan, Chanchan Xu
In Press, Corrected Proof, Available Online: 8 January 2021
Background: Brachial-Ankle Pulse Wave Velocity (baPWV) and Ankle-Brachial Index (ABI) are widely used in clinic for evaluating arterial stiffness and atherosclerosis separately. This study aimed to compare the sensitivity of baPWV and ABI for cardiovascular risk assessment in elderly Chinese. Methods:...
Research Article

Homebased Standing Core Exercise Training Improves Femoral Blood Flow but not Arterial Stiffness in Middle-Aged to Older Adults

Hsin-Fu Lin, Soun-Cheng Wang, Hao-Min Cheng, Jun Sugawara
In Press, Corrected Proof, Available Online: 8 January 2021
Homebased exercise is often advocated to improve physical fitness in the aging population, especially when outdoor activity is not available. Yet we often have a limited understanding of its training effects for clinical uses. Aim: To investigate a short-term exercise training of standing core exercise...
Research Article

KCa3.1 Inhibition Decreases Size and Alters Composition of Atherosclerotic Lesions Induced by Low, Oscillatory Flow

Darla L. Tharp, Douglas K. Bowles
In Press, Corrected Proof, Available Online: 13 February 2021
Low, oscillatory flow/shear patterns are associated with atherosclerotic lesion development. Increased expression of KCa3.1 has been found in Vascular Smooth Muscle (VSM), macrophages and T-cells in lesions from humans and mice. Increased expression of KCa3.1, is also required for VSM cell proliferation...
Research Article

Therapeutic Effects of Interventional Therapy and Conservative Therapy on Lower Extremity Arteriosclerosis Obliterans and Risk Factors for Prognosis

Lingxiong Chen, Xuming Zhang, Fuyan Jiang, Zhida Yin, Jinqiu Xue, Chengmei Ruan, Lijiao Xie
In Press, Corrected Proof, Available Online: 13 February 2021
Background: Arteriosclerosis Obliterans (ASO) is an important cause for lower limb amputation. We aimed to compare the effects of interventional and conservative therapies on lower extremity ASO, and to analyze the risk factors for prognosis. Methods: Ninety-eight eligible patients were randomly divided...
Research Article

Birth Weight in Relation to Post-Natal Growth Patterns as Predictor of Arterial Stiffness and Central Hemodynamics in Young Adults from a Population-based Study

Johannes Sperling, Shantanu Sharma, Peter M. Nilsson
In Press, Corrected Proof, Available Online: 20 February 2021
Objective: Our aim was to examine the impact of mismatch patterns reflecting pre- and post-natal growth conditions on markers of arterial stiffness and central hemodynamics in young adults. Methods: In all, 1056 participants from Malmö Offspring Study, 484 men and 572 women (age-range 18–44 years),...
Research Article

Reliability of Finger Photoplethysmogram Assessment: Effect of Mental Stress and Day-to-Day Variability

Marina Fukuie, Takashi Tarumi, Takayuki Yamabe, Jun Sugawara
In Press, Corrected Proof, Available Online: 13 February 2021
Frequent assessment of vascular health (e.g., arterial stiffness) may predict the incidence of cardiovascular disease. The Second Derivative of the finger Photoplethysmogram Aging Index (SDPTGAI) may be used as an index of vascular aging and a screening tool for arteriosclerotic disease. To test its...