Journal of Epidemiology and Global Health

Volume 4, Issue 1, March 2014
Research Article

1. Availability of results from clinical research: Failing policy efforts

Tatyana A. Shamliyan, Robert L. Kane
Pages: 1 - 12
Objectives: Trial registration has a great potential to increase research transparency and public access to research results. This study examined the availability of results either in journal publications or in the trial registry from all studies registered at Methods: All 137,612...
Research Article

2. Socioeconomic status and obesity in Cairo, Egypt: A heavy burden for all

Mona Mowafi, Zeinab Khadr, Ichiro Kawachi, S.V. Subramanian, Allan Hill, Gary G. Bennett
Pages: 13 - 21
Studies have generally shown a positive association between socioeconomic status (SES) and obesity in low-income countries, but few have tested this relationship in the Middle East where obesity prevalence is extraordinarily high and the nutrition profile more closely resembles developed world contexts....
Research Article

3. Cardiovascular disease research output in WHO priority areas between 2002 and 2011

Laura Myers, Shanthi Mendis
Pages: 23 - 28
Approximately 17.3 million people died from cardiovascular disease (CVD) in 2008, and approximately 80% came from low- and middle-income countries. However, previous studies document poor research productivity related to CVD prevention and treatment in these countries between 1991 and 1996. The World...
Research Article

4. Measuring the accuracy of a point system to diagnose tuberculosis in children with a negative smear or with no smear or culture

Constantino Giovani Braga Cartaxo, Laura C. Rodrigues, Carolina Pinheiro Braga, Ricardo Arraes de Alencar Ximenes
Pages: 29 - 34
In Brazil, a scoring system was adopted to diagnose tuberculosis in childhood. This study determined the accuracy in diagnosing tuberculosis in children with either a negative smear or with no smear or culture conducted in a reference center in João Pessoa Paraíba – Brazil. It is a phase III validation...
Research Article

5. Prevalence and risk factors of human papillomavirus infection types 16/18/45 in a cohort of French females aged 15–23 years

Ariane Baudu, Jean-Luc Prétet, Didier Riethmuller, Morgane Chotard, Christiane Mougin, Mariette Mercier
Pages: 35 - 43
Investigation of the prevalence and risk factors of human papillomavirus (HPV) infection is the basis for developing prophylactic strategies against cervical cancer, especially for young women. This study aimed to assess the prevalence and risk factors of HPV infection among a cohort of sexually active...
Research Article

6. Comparison of Tuberculin Skin Test result and interferon gamma response to human PPD in BCG scar positive and negative children

Shirin Sayyahfar, Abdollah Karimi, Alireza Fahimzad, Ahmad Reza Shamshiri
Pages: 45 - 50
Background: The aim of this study is to compare Tuberculin Skin Test (TST) result and interferon gamma response to human PPD (purified protein derivative), in scar positive and scar negative BCG-vaccinated children. Methods: Between August 2007 and May 2008 a total of 236 children aged 1–168 months...
Research Article

7. Burden of laboratory-confirmed Campylobacter infections in Guatemala 2008–2012: Results from a facility-based surveillance system

Stephen R. Benoit, Beatriz Lopez, Wences Arvelo, Olga Henao, Michele B. Parsons, Lissette Reyes, Juan Carlos Moir, Kim Lindblade
Pages: 51 - 59
Introduction: Campylobacteriosis is one of the leading causes of gastroenteritis worldwide. This study describes the epidemiology of laboratory-confirmed Campylobacter diarrheal infections in two facility-based surveillance sites in Guatemala. Methods: Clinical, epidemiologic, and laboratory data were...
Research Article

8. Terrorism, civil war and related violence and substance use disorder morbidity and mortality: A global analysis

Bradley T. Kerridge, Maria R. Khan, Jürgen Rehm, Amir Sapkota
Pages: 61 - 72
Introduction: The purpose of this study is to examine associations between deaths owing to terrorism, civil war, and one-sided violence from 1994–2000 and substance use disorder disability-adjusted life years (DALYs). Methods: The relationship between terrorism, and related violence and substance use...