Journal of Epidemiology and Global Health

Volume 7, Issue 1, March 2017
Review Article

2. Are we facing a noncommunicable disease pandemic?

Luke Allen
Pages: 5 - 9
The global boom in premature mortality and morbidity from noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) shares many similarities with pandemics of infectious diseases, yet public health professionals have resisted the adoption of this label. It is increasingly apparent that NCDs are actually communicable conditions,...
Research Article

3. HIV-infected presumptive tuberculosis patients without tuberculosis: How many are eligible for antiretroviral therapy in Karnataka, India?

Ajay M.V. Kumar, Anil Singarajipura, Balaji Naik, Deepak K. Guddemane, Yogesh Patel, Suresh Shastri, Sunil Kumar, Rajesh Deshmukh, B.B. Rewari, Anthony David Harries
Pages: 11 - 19
For certain subgroups within people living with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) [active tuberculosis (TB), pregnant women, children <5 years old, and serodiscordant couples], the World Health Organization recommends antiretroviral therapy (ART) irrespective of CD4 count. Another subgroup which...
Research Article

4. Democracy predicts sport and recreation membership: Insights from 52 countries

Shea M. Balish
Pages: 21 - 28
Although evidence suggests sport and recreation are powerful contributors to worldwide public health, sizable gender differences persist. It is unknown whether country characteristics moderate gender differences across countries. The primary purpose of this study was to examine if countries’ levels of...
Research Article

5. Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus in Al-Madinah City, Saudi Arabia: Demographic, clinical and survival data

Nahid Sherbini, Ayman Iskandrani, Ayman Kharaba, Ghalilah Khalid, Mohammed Abduljawad, Hamdan AL-Jahdali
Pages: 29 - 36
Background Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV), is an emerging virus respiratory infection. It has a high mortality rate and a wide spectrum of clinical features. This study describes the clinical characteristics and outcome of MERS infected patients. Methods A retrospective study...
Research Article

6. The prevalence of allergic rhinitis and atopic markers in obstructive sleep apnea

Ghadah Gadi, Siraj Wali, Emad Koshak, Mohammad Albar, Abdulkareem Fida, Muntasir Abdelaziz, Khaled Alnoury, Nabil Alama
Pages: 37 - 44
Allergic rhinitis (AR) related inflammation might worsen the severity of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), however, the relationship between the two disorders remains controversial. Our aim was to determine the prevalence of AR and atopic markers in OSA. This cross-sectional study recruited participants...
Research Article

7. Measuring a hidden population: A novel technique to estimate the population size of women with sexual violence-related pregnancies in South Kivu Province, Democratic Republic of Congo

Lisa G. Johnston, Katherine R. McLaughlin, Shada A. Rouhani, Susan A. Bartels
Pages: 45 - 53
Successive sampling (SS)–population size estimation (PSE) is a technique used to estimate the sizes of hidden populations using data collected in respondent-driven sampling (RDS) surveys. We assess past estimations and use new data from an RDS survey to calculate a new PSE. In 2012, 852 adult women in...
Research Article

8. Assessment of vitamin D levels, awareness among Lebanese pharmacy students, and impact of pharmacist counseling

Diana Malaeb, Souheil Hallit, Pascale Salameh
Pages: 55 - 62
Vitamin D inadequacy, frequently underdiagnosed, affects people of all age groups worldwide. This prospective study aims at determining the percentage of inadequate vitamin D levels among students and evaluating the impact of pharmacist counseling on raising the awareness of the importance of sun exposure...
Research Article

9. A clinical study of cutaneous changes in pregnancy

Vinitha V. Panicker, Najeeba Riyaz, P.K. Balachandran
Pages: 63 - 70
Background/objective: Pregnant women experience a myriad of physiological and metabolic changes that affect different organ systems in the body. Cutaneous and appendageal alterations that manifest during pregnancy are largely modulated by hormonal, immunologic, and metabolic factors. Detailed reports...
Research Article

10. Population-attributable fraction of hypertension associated with obesity, abdominal obesity, and the joint effect of both in the Central Provinces of Iran

Masoud Mohammadi, Masoud Mirzaei
Pages: 71 - 79
The prevalence of obesity has been increasing in Iran over the past decade. This study aimed to determine the population-attributable fraction (PAF) of hypertension associated with obesity, abdominal obesity, and the joint effect of both in the central provinces of Iran. Prevalence of hypertension was...
Research Article

11. Ecological correlations of dietary food intake and mental health disorders

Jordan Hoerr, Joshua Fogel, Benjamin Van Voorhees
Pages: 81 - 89
This paper examines the ecological association of dietary food intake with mental health outcomes on the group level across countries. Published data from the World Mental Health Survey were used to compare lifetime prevalence of four categories of mental health disorders (anxiety disorders, mood disorders,...
Short Communication

12. Disaster response under One Health in the aftermath of Nepal earthquake, 2015

G.V. Asokan, A. Vanitha
Pages: 91 - 96
Until now, an estimate quotes that 1100 healthcare facilities were damaged and over 100,000 livestock lost in the two earthquakes that occurred in April and May of 2015 in Nepal. Threats of infectious diseases, mostly zoonoses, could affect Nepal’s economy, trade, and tourism, and reaching the targets...