Proceedings of the 20th AsiaTEFL-68th TEFLIN-5th iNELTAL Conference (ASIATEFL 2022)

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66 articles
Proceedings Article

Peer-Review Statements

Utami Widiati, Maria Hidayati, Nunung Suryati, Suharyadi, Anik Nunuk Wulyani, Ika Lestari Damayanti, Nur Arifah Drajati, Sari Karmina, Evynurul Laily Zen, Lukman Hakim, Prihantoro
Proceedings Article

Personalized Learning in Teaching English as Foreign Language: Limiting the Challenges, Increasing Its Effectiveness

Agnes Herawati
Personalized learning is a teaching model that focuses on learning outcomes, voluntary learning, and the concept of autonomy learning. The basic idea of this is the individuality of each student and the active activity. This study aims to find out why lecturers apply specific methods to individualize...
Proceedings Article

English Teachers’ Personal Practical Theory During Pandemic

Ahmad Munir
Covid-19 pandemic has taught English teachers to survive and thrive especially in the ways of running our English lessons. In our experiences of teaching English during this pandemic, we sometimes do not realize that we have developed our own practical theory. This study investigated the tacit awareness....
Proceedings Article

Investigating the Speaking Examiners’ Challenges in a Synchronous Online Test

Anistya Rachmawati, Pebby Ardin, Retno Hendryanti
This study examines the challenges faced by speaking examiners in assessing students’ speaking performance conducted virtually. Data were collected by distributing questionnaires to speaking examiners to identify challenges they faced in administering the online speaking test. A focus group discussion...
Proceedings Article

Developing English Vocabulary Application to Enhance Speaking Skills for Students of Hospitality Program

Aprilia Maya Puspita, Nur Mukminatien, Mirjam Anugerahwati
This is a report on a Research and Development project with the purpose of developing supplementary materials for building students’ vocabulary in speaking in the hotel context for the tenth-grade students of the Hospitality Program at SMKN 3 Malang. The procedures were carried out in seven steps: (1)...
Proceedings Article

Validation of Construct Vocational Literacy: An Analysis of the Suitability of the Needs of SMK Students in Indonesia

Arris Maulana, Fina Luthfiyah, Daryati, Riyan Arthur
The purpose of developing vocational literacy is to achieve vocational graduates’ skill competencies that are integrated into learning to face the workplace. Vocational literacy is a person’s ability to process and understand the knowledge and development of the vocational field. The previous study has...
Proceedings Article

Using YouTube Video Vincent Van Gogh’s the Starry Night: Great Art Explained in Teaching Art and Language Appreciation Classroom

Beleven Khrismawan, Herditya Wahyu Widodo
In the currently predominant online teaching environment, teachers use materials that are available on the Internet for their classes, be they paid content or otherwise. YouTube, as the most popular free video-sharing site, has been one of the sources of instructional material in the form of online videos....
Proceedings Article

Affordances of E-Learning in Indonesian Higher Education Institutions

Clara Herlina Karjo, Wiwik Andreani
E-learning has become indispensable since the Covid-19 outbreak in March 2020. The sudden change of learning model might not have been anticipated by many educational institutions, causing a few confusions on how to conduct e-learning properly, especially in providing an e-learning management system...
Proceedings Article

Comparing Formal and Informal Talks Between Male and Female English Teachers in Classroom Interaction

Dennisya Marwa, Hamzah
A formal talk is used by the teacher to minimize misinterpretation in delivering the materials. Thus, classroom interaction can run well, and the students understand what the teacher teaches. In contrast, the teacher also uses an informal talk in classroom interaction to build a relationship with the...
Proceedings Article

Utilizing Metacognitive Strategies with Culturally Familiar Text in Improving Reading Comprehension of EFL Pre-service Teachers

Dewi Novita, Fuad Abdul Hamid, Didi Sukyadi
Since English has become increasingly global, more researchers in English teaching have seen the importance of combining teaching methods with cultural materials that are familiar and connected to the learners. In teaching reading comprehension, researchers in Iran, the Middle East, and some parts of...
Proceedings Article

Integrating Sustainability in ELT

Dewi Sari Wahyuni, Yenni Rozimela, Havid Ardi, Mukhaiyar Mukhaiyar
Concern over sustainability is rising to the surface. It has lately taken center stage as a growing number of people understand how what were formerly considered normal, unsustainable activities in life have depleted our planet’s resources and ripped society. As people lose touch with those two, the...
Proceedings Article

Coping with the Challenges of Teaching English Online: Lessons from the Newbies

Diah Royani Meisani
The COVID-19 school closure has forced teachers to move classes to virtual settings. For teachers who have never experienced teaching courses online, this technology-mediated teaching presents several challenges that could prevent them from delivering the teaching material effectively. This study employed...
Proceedings Article

Differentiated Instruction: Meeting the Students’ Diverse Needs and Uniqueness

Dwi Rosita Sari
Differentiated Instruction is one of choices in order to bridge the issues of students’ diversity that exist in English teaching which focuses on three main points, namely: content, process and products. The uniqueness of the students is always challenging to be involved in English classroom. The aim...
Proceedings Article

Improving EFL Students’ Critical Global Literacy in Academic Reading Class: How Does It Work?

Emy Sudarwati, Utami Widiati, Nunung Suryati, Niamika El Khoiri
Having Critical Global Literacy (CGL) competence has become increasingly important in this global and interconnected world, especially for foreign language learning students. This competence provides a critical understanding of national and international events so that a student will have broad thoughts...
Proceedings Article

Analysis of Lecturers’ and Students’ Needs Toward Intercultural Learning Material for Drama Subject

Eripuddin, Jufrizal, Agustina
Intercultural learning requires the individual to learn what culture is by reflecting on his or her own cultures, by learning about other cultures, and how to engage successfully with the members of other cultures in various social contexts. Intercultural learning situation in the classroom needs to...
Proceedings Article

Focus on the Learner’s Language: Insights from an Interlanguage Study in the Indonesian Context

Fatimah, Harits Masduqi
Most university students in Indonesia have been learning English for more than ten years, but still find it difficult to express ideas in English properly. This study discusses interlanguage produced by an Indonesian adult learner who is studying English at a state university. The authors analysed samples...
Proceedings Article

Digital Storytelling: Multimodal Resources for Supporting Students’ L2 Motivation and Identities

Fauziah, Novita Diana
This study examines EFL students’ L2 motivation and identities by using digital storytelling as a pedagogical multimodal resources tool in Indonesian context. The study used qualitative case study methods which draws on interviews and artefacts to analyze three focal cases on how digital storytelling...
Proceedings Article

Twine as a Digital Tool in Writing Digital Fiction: A Creative Writing Instruction in Higher Education

Fiftinova, Erlina, Muslih Hambali
Digital writing tool has been a support in the field of teaching and learning English as it helps modify students’ writing into a better composition. Features in Twine as a digital writing tool build students’ creativity, and hence it potentially becomes a part of creative writing instruction for EFL...
Proceedings Article

Topics for Industrial Engineering ESP Modules: Stakeholders’ Points of Views

Fikri Asih Wigati, Nenden Sri Lengkanawati, Bachrudin Musthafa
The Reading and writing skills become vital devices for workforces to live in today’s global community. This study addresses a need analysis of reading and writing materials for industrial engineering workforces especially in pulp and paper industry. The participants in this study were 1 department leader,...
Proceedings Article

Teacher Agency in Different Teaching Communities: A Narrative Inquiry into Shifting Teaching Experiences

Fitri Agustin, Nenden Sri Lengkanawati
This research narratively explores an English teacher’s professional knowledge development by reflecting on the teacher’s experiences in different teaching communities. Based on the interviews and the conversational records, this research constructs how different teaching communities influence the teacher’s...
Proceedings Article

The Analysis of Semantic Roles in Descriptive Texts of “Bahasa Inggris SMA/MA/SMK/MAK Kelas X” Textbooks

Halissa Dewi Purnama, Noor Eka Chandra
Textbook is a learning material used in English language teaching in the classroom. There are numerous types of text in English textbooks, one of which is descriptive text. English teachers usually teach students how to understand the sentence in the text by explaining the grammar, which does not help...
Proceedings Article

Teacher Presence and Social Presence in Online Language Learning in Higher Education: Students’ Perceptions

Hesti Wahyuni Anggraini, Zuraida
Online learning in recent years creates new growing bodies of knowledge. This study reported the students’ understanding of teacher presence and social presence in online learning. It also summarized the students’ viewpoints on the challenges and threats, motivation, self-efficacy, and also positives...
Proceedings Article

Components and Strategies for Personalized Learning in Higher Education: A Systematic Review

Ignasia Yuyun, Didi Suherdi
Disruptive technology has influenced education worldwide, particularly during the COVID-19 pandemic. Notably, the compelling rise and massive changes in the e-learning industry have shifted education due to technological advancement. Also, in Industrial Revolution 4.0 (digitalization), the virtual learning...
Proceedings Article

Language Ideology and Attitudes Toward English Among Multilingual Families in Indonesia

Ira Maria Fran Lumbanbatu, Evynurul Laily Zen, Sri Rachmajanti, Elvira Rosyida MR
Focusing on the complex multilingual setting of Indonesia, the present study investigates the representation of Spolsky’s (2004) three aspects of language: ideology, management, and practice. Specifically, we look thoroughly at parental language ideology and attitude and how they are reflected in actual...
Proceedings Article

Situating Student’s Impromptu Participation in a Group Project: A Content Analysis on Student Video Blogs

Irpan Apandi Batubara, Didi Suherdi, Wawan Gunawan
Activating every group member’s participation in project-based learning (PjBL) is one of the challenges in the implementation of PjBL approach. This study aims to analyze group member’s impromptu participation in a group project. Each group was given a project to create a 5 up to 15-min video blog (vlog)...
Proceedings Article

Exploring the Grammatical Development of Multilingual Learners of English: A Corpus-Based Perspective

Khilda Husnia Abidah, Elisa Ratih, Evynurul Laily Zen, Ira Maria Fran Lumbanbatu, Anisatul Ilmiah
Our current study looks carefully at the development of grammatical learning of English among multilingual young learners in Indonesia. Our specific objectives include examining typical grammatical errors in the learners’ writing across different genres in the corpus, and observing the production of...
Proceedings Article

EFL Pre-service Teacher Development for Autonomy: Rethinking Future Autonomy Supportive Teacher

Khusnul Khotimah, Yazid Basthomi, Evi Eliyanah
As learner autonomy has increasingly been recognized in language teaching-learning as an ideal educational goal, the existing scholarship on the topic has been focused on teachers and students. Rarely do scholars look at how pre-service teachers, as the future generation of teachers, value autonomy and...
Proceedings Article

Writing Anxiety Among Indonesian EFL University Students

Kurniasih, Bambang Yudi Cahyono, Utari Praba Astuti, Nunung Suryati
This study explores the distribution of writing anxiety experienced by Indonesian EFL university students. More specifically, it compares writing anxiety levels of EFL undergraduate sophomore and junior groups. A total of 303 EFL university students were involved in this study. It consists of 141 sophomores...
Proceedings Article

“Can I Increase My English Test Score?” The Test-Taking Instructional Strategy to Improve Learners’ English

Laila Rochmawati, Lusiana Dewi Kusumayati
This study aimed at assessing the impact of training in the teaching-learning cycle during the training on improving the English language skills of the trainees. The training group was divided into two: the control group with a total of 43 people using strategies other than test taking and the experimental...
Proceedings Article

Collaborative Translation in Chinese Students Majored in Master of Translation and Interpreting

Li Yukun
Collaborative translation is different from independent translation. It emphasizes on the importance of cooperation which between human translation (HT) and machine translation (MT) or among translators. Students who learnt English as a foreign language (EFL) always count translation and interpretation...
Proceedings Article

Singlish Phenomenon-Code Switching Viewpoint

Lia Nurmalia, Cicih Nuraeni, Prapti Wigati Purwaningrum, Baiatun Nisa, Unpris Yastanti
Code switching during English interaction happens due to some reasons. One of the world issues in code switching is Singlish or SgE phenomenon. This research is aimed to contribute some findings in discourse particles that are commonly used in SgE interaction through code switching viewpoint. The data...
Proceedings Article

On a College English Listening and Speaking Textbook from the Perspective of Intercultural Communication

Libin Duan, Guoxuan Pan
Intercultural communicative competence enables people from various cultural background to communicate in English as foreign language effectively. Therefore, intercultural communicative competence should be integrated in college English teaching. College English textbooks should put more emphasis on cultivating...
Proceedings Article

Strategies to Develop Preservice English Teachers’ Pedagogical Competence: A Focus on Critical Reflection as a Potential Strategy

M. Zaini Miftah, Utami Widiati, Anik Nunuk Wulyani, Tengku Intan Suzila Tengku Sharif
Preservice teachers’ critical reflection on teaching practicum experience is essential to discuss in the field of teacher education programs. To highlight this issue, this paper conceptually discusses the current issue regarding national and international calls for teacher education, mainly critical...
Proceedings Article

Employing the Gitbook Platform in Creating Interactive Online Coursebooks for Profession Oriented ELT

Marina Chashko
The aim of the report is to share the experience of designing the coursebook “English through History Projects [The interactive online version of the “English through History Projects” coursebook is available at the GitBook platform:]”...
Proceedings Article

Digital Reading Strategies of Undergraduate English Language Learners

Melati, Radiatan Mardiah, Nyimas Triyana Safitri
To interact with digital reading text, language learners need to use certain reading strategies. This paper explores the reading strategies used by undergraduate language learners in a public university in Jambi to read digital academic texts. The data were taken through informal interview in WhatsApp...
Proceedings Article

Teacher Talk: A Pragmatic Analysis of Presupposition in English Teaching Classroom

Merliyani Putri Anggraini, Ratih Novita Sari
The main focus of this study is a pragmatic analysis of presuppositions. It investigates the English instructor of university students at one of Indonesia’s universities. In this qualitative study, the teacher’s statements throughout two sessions of teaching-learning activity served as the source of...
Proceedings Article

Legal Case-Based Reading to Promote Critical Thinking for Law Students

Misnawati Misnawati, Reski Pilu, Zul Astri
Critical thinking and creativity are the essential qualities must-have to face industrial revolution 4.0 and society 5.0, particularly for students. Higher education institutions play a vital role in developing critical thinkers. This study aimed to assess the impact of the authors’ teaching technique...
Proceedings Article

Students’ Engagement in EFL Online Learning

Lesson Learnt from the Covid-19 Pandemic

Muhamad Fahmi Hariadi, Nunung Suryati, Dedi Kuswandi, Agus Wedi
The current study investigates learners’ levels of engagement in online courses delivered via a designated school platform in the context of Indonesia. The Student Course Engagement Questionnaire served as a reliable measure in the study (SCEQ). As a result, a survey was conducted in a high school in...
Proceedings Article

Demotivating Factors of Engagement in Action Research: A Case of EFL Teachers in Central Sulawesi

Mukrim, Abdul Kamaruddin, Hastini
Although many studies have documented EFL teachers’ engagement in research as a part of professional learning mode, very few of them explore factors that demotivate teachers’ engagement in classroom action research (CAR), which is a type of teacher research form promoted among Indonesian teachers by...
Proceedings Article

American Indigenous Literature in the Eyes of the Islamic University Students

Mundi Rahayu
This paper aims at discussing Islamic university students’ response toward an American Indigenous literary work, by applying “reader response theories” in a literary studies class. I analyzed students’ response to the American Indigenous literary work. Rosenblatt (1938) noted that the quality of literature...
Proceedings Article

The Representation of Local Culture of Instructor’s Literary Competence in English Language Classrooms

Muzakki Afifuddin, Rifqi Nasirun Nafis
Questioning the existence of culture within EFL pedagogy has been an issue of identity of the Indonesian pedagogical practitioner. The chaotic perception upon the choice of implementing English culture or the local culture raises plenitude of dialogues among these pedagogical practitioner as well as...
Proceedings Article

Integrating Literary Works in an English Class to Improve Students’ Critical Thinking

Ni Kadek Sri Widiastuti, Vera Syamsi
The important role of critical thinking in supporting students’ development process has long been recognized. Therefore, many researchers contribute in investigating how to nurture and improve critical thinking in students; one of the findings is by integrating literary works in English classroom learning....
Proceedings Article

Diligent (Digital Literacy Agent) Nurturing English Future Teachers’ Competence in the Digital Era

Nia Kurniawati, Ilza Mayuni, Ninuk Lustyantie
Digital literacy has been crucial aspect of the people life currently including education. However, previous studies have shown that English pre-service teachers’ level of digital literacy is still alarming. Therefore, efforts are needed to improve the digital literacy skills among English pre-service...
Proceedings Article

Developing an Instructional Framework for Consolidating Religious Moderation Values in EFL Classroom

This research aims to develop an instructional framework for consolidating religious moderation values in the English Foreign Language Classroom. This research applied an Educational Research and Development (R & D) by ADDIE Models. It consists of five steps developing the instructional framework,...
Proceedings Article

A Perspective on the Practice of Spontaneous Translanguaging in Indonesia

Nurhasanah Halim, Ilza Mayuni, Samsi Setiadi
This qualitative research aims to explore the extent of how teachers in Jakarta, Indonesia have empowered their students’ first language in their English classes. There were 100 teacher participants in the semi-structured interview gathered by snowball sampling. In the interview guide, prompts and probes...
Proceedings Article

The Practicality of PIPA (Persuasive Informative Presentation Assessment) Model Application by Using WebQual

Pipit Rahayu, Yenni Rozimela, Jufrizal
PIPA (Persuasive Informative Presentation Assessment) Model is a public speaking assessment model used for Persuasive and Informative Speech designed with sandwich feedback method through Web-Based Technology. The practicality of PIPA Model defined as the extent to which a model is practical to make...
Proceedings Article

Evaluating Academic Writing Coursebook for Indonesian EFL Undergraduate Students: A Need Analysis Approach

Rina Husnaini Febriyanti, Herlina Usman, Ninuk Lustyantie
Evaluating teaching materials, particularly a coursebook, requires much attention as integrally in need analysis to enhance learning and teaching quality. Concerning Academic Writing (AW) in a higher education context, this matter needs consideration conscientiously since its artifact demands the outcome...
Proceedings Article

Interculturality in the Science Classroom Within the Context of Content and Language Integrated Learning (CLIL): Practices from Indonesian Primary Schools

Rina Wahyu Setyaningrum, Fadini Sabilah
Interculturality in science classroom with CLIL context is crucial for establishing intercultural awareness and supporting students in developing relevant abilities to deal with intercultural interactions. Different techniques can be implemented for introducing cultural values within teaching and learning...
Proceedings Article

From Rationale to Finale: Redesigning ‘English Speaking for Informal Interaction’ Instructional Activities and Material Development

Riski Lestiono
Technology-supported language learning has immensely penetrated current EFL instructional practices. Such a phenomenon requires a warm reception among EFL practitioners. Some adaptations and modifications on existing instructional designs and materials are deemed urgency. Preliminary observation on English...
Proceedings Article

The Critical Inquiry of Indonesian Beginner Linguistic Researchers: A Longitudinal Study

Rohmani Nur Indah, Lestari Kasih
Beginner linguistic researchers need to develop critical inquiry research skills. Inquiry is a stance toward learning where learners use various resources to develop their understanding of a topic that requires exploration and quest. This study reviews the challenges beginner linguistic researchers in...
Proceedings Article

An Analysis of NPU Students’ English Learning Motivation

Case Study of Freshmen in Honors College

Rui Deng, Yi Zhang
This research aims to find out the general and specific features of Northwestern Polytechnical University (NPU) students’ English learning motivation. 34 NPU freshmen in Honors College are invited to finish the questionnaire adapted from Gao et al. [1]. The study findings show that NPU students have...
Proceedings Article

A New Yardstick of Comparison for Contrastive Interlanguage Analysis

A Study on the ICNALE Global Rating Archives

Shin’ichiro Ishikawa
In the field of learner corpus research, there has been a discussion about what data should be adopted as a reference or a yardstick for contrastive interlanguage analysis (CIA). Utilising the data taken from the ICNALE Global Rating Archives, the author identified a set of Asian learner essays whose...
Proceedings Article

Exploring Classroom Instruction in Online Speaking Classes: A Case Study of Telkom University Instructors

Shofa Dzulqodah, Qisti Triani, Retno Hendryanti
This study investigates classroom instructions used by instructors in online speaking classes. The study employed a qualitative approach. Data were taken from 6 recorded class sessions of 2 instructors teaching engineering and communication science undergraduate students. In addition, the instructors...
Proceedings Article

A Project-Based Multiliteracies Instruction to Improve Students’ Multimodal Literacy

Siti Kustini
In 1996, a group of literacy educators, linguists, and educational researchers are known as the New London Group developed multiliteracies pedagogy in an attempt to extend the traditional definition of literacy – the ability to read and write – to encompass dynamic, culturally, and historically situated...
Proceedings Article

“I Am Scared of My Teacher”: Students’ Emotional Responses Towards Teacher’s Feedback

Siti Mafulah, Yazid Basthomi
Students’ emotional responses towards teacher’s feedback may influence the result of the revision of the writing draft composed by the students. Within this concept, this study explores how students’ emotional responses including how they feel towards teacher’s feedback and what factors influence how...
Proceedings Article

Critical Thinking in the Macrostructure of Policies for an English as Foreign Language Teacher Education in Indonesia

Siti Muniroh
Previous studies revealed the lack of solid concept of critical thinking in the national policies (National Standards of Higher Education and Indonesian Qualification Framework). The lack of clarity has contributed to the implicit articulation of critical thinking for Pre-Service English Teachers (PSETs)...
Proceedings Article

Non-ELT Students’ Cognitive Autonomy in Choosing and Attending Applied Linguistics Course

Siusana Kweldju
This study investigates undergraduate students’ experience on their enrolment to the elective Applied Linguistics course in an English Department in Indonesia. The focus of the course is on the practical application of research findings in linguistics to the teaching and learning of ESL, which is suitable...
Proceedings Article

Student's Experience on ‘OnLine Learning Method’ During Pandemic - A Birds View

Jayanthi Sivanandam
Covid 19 completely changed the teaching and learning methods in the field of education. Learners had to equip themselves with modern tools, as science would pave way for educative models, streamlined in the future. But the space and time to learn the new technology and the need for it had been a great...
Proceedings Article

EFL Teachers’ Perceptions of Their Professional Competence After Attending Professional Development for In-Service Teachers

St. Asriati Am, Syamsiarna Nappu, Nur Qalbi
A teacher’s professional competence is the teacher’s ability to master content and knowledge beneficial. The professional competence of teachers is essential so that teachers master the scientific substance that overshadows the material. It correlated with the government’s role in preparing in-service...
Proceedings Article

The Use of University Students’ English Essays and Reflection Comments to Provide More Effective Feedback

Sumie Akutsu
This paper outlines a university course utilizing students’ English essays and reflection comments to help students develop their writing skills in English. It will show some preliminary results of the data collected and analyzed to discuss certain patterns that students preferred in terms of sentence...
Proceedings Article

Students’ Perception and Practices of Screencast Feedback in Academic Writing Class During Blended Learning

Syifa Khuriyatuz Zahro, Buyun Khulel, Evatul Vionisa
The study aimed at revealing the students’ perception and practices on the utilization of screencast feedback in writing class as digital video feedback where lecturers recorded their oral comments and screen-records the point they commented on the screen toward students’ writing draft in the form of...
Proceedings Article

A Systematic Literature Review on English Language Teaching in the Indonesian Tertiary Education Settings Amidst Pandemic Era

Uli Agustina Gultom, Firima Zona Tanjung
The transformation of traditional education into hybrid and full online education in the pandemic era has affected the art of teaching and learning for all stakeholders, including teachers and students in the Indonesian tertiary education settings. Not only has the teaching-learning environment been...
Proceedings Article

A Need Analysis for E-Learning Development: Issues in the Implementation of Technology-Enhanced Language Learning (TELL)

Wakhid Nashruddin, Nizar Ibnus
The covid-19 pandemic leaves educators around the globe with no choice other than to shift from in-class learning mode to online learning mode. This is a promising situation, as online learning become a new custom in many countries education systems, bringing solutions to the difficulty of students’...
Proceedings Article

The Challenge of EFL Teachers in Technology-Integrated Learning in the Society 5.0

Windra Irdianto, Irina N. Lazareva, Rahmati Putri Yaniafari
The main component of Society 5.0 is humans who can solve many social challenges and problems by utilizing various technologies which are existing in the Industrial Revolution 4.0. In the era of Society 5.0, education has an important role to advance the quality of human resources. Therefore, education...
Proceedings Article

The Microgenetic Changes in EFL Learners’ Vocabulary Development A Learner-Corpus-Based Study

Yurong Zheng
From the Complex Dynamic Systems Theory (CDST), this longitudinal study explores the Chinese EFL learners’ vocabulary development. The 10 subjects are English learners at the tertiary level in a North-eastern university in China. The observation last 6 semesters, 3 school years, with each of the subjects...
Proceedings Article

Investigating the Influence of the TPR Method on the Development of English Vocabulary in Small Classroom

Zul Astri, Nurmadina Hs, Nurul Fachrunnisa, Misnawati Misnawati
English language skills are one of the most important things that should be mastered early in life to have a qualified generation in the future. In this case, employing the Total Physical Response (TPR) approach to teach basic English vocabulary is an effective strategy for students at the beginner level...