Journal of Nonlinear Mathematical Physics

Volume 8, Issue Supplement, February 2001

Proceedings of the 13th Workshop NEEDS'99: Nonlinear Evolution Equations and Dynamical Systems

Research Article

1. Complex Angle Variables for Constrained Integrable Hamiltonian Systems

S. Abenda, Yu Fedorov
Pages: 1 - 4
We propose Dirac formalism for constraint Hamiltonian systems as an useful tool for the algebro-geometrical and dynamical characterizations of a class of integrable systems, the so called hyperelliptically separable systems. As a model example, we apply it to the classical geodesic flow on an ellipsoid.
Research Article

2. Taming Spatiotemporal Chaos by Impurities in the Parametrically Driven Damped Nonlinear Schrödinger Equation

N.V. Alexeeva, I.V. Barashenkov, G.P. Tsironis
Pages: 5 - 12
Solitons of the parametrically driven, damped nonlinear Schrödinger equation become unstable and seed spatiotemporal chaos for sufficiently large driving amplitudes. We show that the chaos can be suppressed by introducing localized inhomogeneities in the parameters of the equation. The pinning of the...
Research Article

3. Nonlinear Models in Quantum Optics through Quantum Algebras

Angel Ballesteros, Sergey Chumakov
Pages: 13 - 17
The suq(2) algebra is shown to provide a natural dynamical algebra for some nonlnear models in Quantum Optics. Applications to the computation of eigenvalues and eigenvectors for the Hamiltonian describing second harmonics generation are proposed.
Research Article

4. Two-Photon Algebra and Integrable Hamiltonian Systems

Angel Ballesteros, Francisco J. Herranz
Pages: 18 - 22
The two-photon algebra h6 is used to define an infinite class of N-particle Hamiltonian systems having (N -2) additional constants of the motion in involution. By constrution, all these systems are h6-coalgebra invariant. As a straightforward application, a new family of (quasi)integrable N-dimensional...
Research Article

5. Peakon-Antipeakon Interaction

R. Beals, D.H. Sattinger, J. Szmigielski
Pages: 23 - 27
Explicit formulas are given for the multi-peakon-antipeakon solutions of the Camassa­ Holm equation, and a detailed analysis is made of both short-term and long-term aspects of the interaction between a single peakon and single anti-peakon.
Research Article

6. Response Functions of Spiral Wave Solutions of the Complex Ginzburg­Landau Equation

I.V. Biktasheva, V.N. Biktashev
Pages: 28 - 34
Dynamics of spiral waves in perturbed two-dimensional autowave media can be dscribed asymptotically in terms of Aristotelean dynamics. We apply this general thory to the spiral waves in the Complex Ginzburg­Landau equation (CGLE). The RFs are found numerically. In this work, we study the dependence of...
Research Article

7. Threshold Behavior for Nonlinear Wave Equations

Piotr Bizoń
Pages: 35 - 41
In this brief contribution, which is based on my talk at the conference, I discuss the dynamics of solutions of nonlinear wave equations near the threshold of singularity formation. The heuristic picture of threshold behavior is first presented in a general setting and then illustrated with three examples.
Research Article

8. Sp(2) Quantization of Solitonic Theories

V. Calian
Pages: 42 - 47
The gauge-field theoretical formulation of solitonic theories is quantized by using an extended version of the BRST Sp(2) symmetric formalism. The proposed method is based on a modified triplectic geometry which allows us to incorporate the linear and/or nonlinear global symmetries of the model and to...
Research Article

9. Bilinear Approach to Supersymmetric KdV Equation

A.S. Carstea
Pages: 48 - 52
Extending the gauge-invariance principle for functions of the standard bilinear fomalism to the supersymmetric case, we define N = 1 supersymmetric Hirota operators. Using them, we bilinearize SUSY KdV equation. The solution for multiple collisions of super-solitons is given.
Research Article

10. A Hidden Hierarchy for GD4

Paolo Casati
Pages: 53 - 57
A reduction process to construct hidden hierarchies corresponding to the Gelfand­ Dickey ones is outlined in a specific example, not yet treated in the literature.
Research Article

11. Algebraic Linearization of Hyperbolic Ruijsenaars­Schneider Systems

R. Caseiro, J.P. Françoise
Pages: 58 - 61
In this article, we present an explicit linearization of dynamical systems of RuijsenaarSchneider (RS) type and of the perturbations introduced by F Calogero [2] of these systems with all orbits periodic of the same period. The existence of this linearization and its algebraic nature relies on the dynamical...
Research Article

12. On Huygens' Principle for Dirac Operators and Nonlinear Evolution Equations

Fabio A.C.C. Chalub, Jorge P. Zubelli
Pages: 62 - 68
We exhibit a class of Dirac operators that possess Huygens' property, i.e., the support of their fundamental solutions is precisely the light cone. This class is obtained by considering the rational solutions of the modified Korteweg-de Vries hierarchy.
Research Article

13. Calogero­Moser Systems and Super Yang­Mills with Adjoint Matter

Eric d'Hoker, D.H. Phong
Pages: 69 - 78
We review the construction of Lax pairs with spectral parameter for twisted and utwisted elliptic Calogero-Moser systems defined by a general simple Lie algebra G, and the corresponding solution of N = 2 SUSY G Yang-Mills theories with a hypermultplet in the adjoint representation of G.
Research Article

14. Amplitude-Dependent Oscillations in Gases

O.L. de Lange, J. Pierrus
Pages: 79 - 81
We consider the following question: Suppose part of the boundary of a cavity contaiing a gas is set into oscillation, the damping in the boundary being small. What is the nature of the oscillations in the gas? We treat the low-frequency limit (wavelength much greater than dimensions of the cavity). Experiment...
Research Article

15. Inhomogeneous Burgers Lattices

S. De Lillo, V.V. Konotop
Pages: 82 - 87
We study statistical properties of inhomogeneous Burgers lattices which are solved by the discrete Cole­Hopf transformation. Using exact solutions we investigate effect of various kinds of noise on the dynamics of solutions.
Research Article

16. Asymptotic Lattices and W-Congruences in Integrable Discrete Geometry

Adam Doliwa
Pages: 88 - 92
The asymptotic lattices and their transformations are included into the theory of quadrilateral lattices.
Research Article

17. Quantization of Soliton Cellular Automata

Demosthenes Ellinas, Elena P. Papadopoulou, Yiannis G. Saridakis
Pages: 93 - 99
A method of quantization of classical soliton cellular automata (QSCA) is put forward that provides a description of their time evolution operator by means of quantum cicuits that involve quantum gates from which the associated Hamiltonian describing a quantum chain model is constructed. The intrinsic...
Research Article

18. Brownian Motion on a Smash Line

Demosthenes Ellinas, Ioannis Tsohantjis
Pages: 100 - 105
Brownian motion on a smash line algebra (a smash or braided version of the algebra resulting by tensoring the real line and the generalized paragrassmann line algebras), is constructed by means of its Hopf algebraic structure. Further, statistical moments, non stationary generalizations and its diffusion...
Research Article

19. Painlevé Analysis and Singular Manifold Method for a (2 + 1) Dimensional Non-Linear Schrödinger Equation

P.G. Estévez, G.A. Hernáez
Pages: 106 - 111
The real version of a (2 + 1) dimensional integrable generalization of the nonlinear Schrödinger equation is studied from the point of view of Painlevé analysis. In this way we find the Lax pair, Darboux transformations and Hirota's functions as well as solitonic and dromionic solutions from an iterative...
Research Article

20. Analysis of Timing Jitter for Ultrashort Soliton Communication Systems Using Perturbation Methods

Margarida Facão, Mário Ferreira
Pages: 112 - 117
We analyse timing jitter of ultrashort soliton systems taking into account the major higher order effects, namely, intrapulse Raman scattering and third order dispersion and using adiabatic perturbation theory. We obtain an expression for the soliton arrival time variance that depends on the quintic...
Research Article

21. Bihamiltonian Geometry and Separation of Variables for Toda Lattices

Gregorio Falqui, Franco Magri, Marco Pedroni
Pages: 118 - 127
We discuss the bihamiltonian geometry of the Toda lattice (periodic and open). Using some recent results on the separation of variables for bihamiltonian manifold, we show that these systems can be explicitly integrated via the classical Hamilton­Jacobi method in the so-called Darboux­Nijenhuis coordinates.
Research Article

22. Asymptotic Solutions of the Whitham Equations

T. Grava
Pages: 128 - 132
We extend a previous result, namely we show that the solution of the Whitham equtions is asymptotically self-similar for generic monotone polynomial initial data with smooth perturbation.
Research Article

23. KAM Theorem for the Nonlinear Schrödinger Equation

Benoît Grébert, Thomas Kappeler
Pages: 133 - 138
We prove the persistence of finite dimensional invariant tori associated with the dfocusing nonlinear Schrödinger equation under small Hamiltonian perturbations. The invariant tori are not necessarily small.
Research Article

24. Beyond Nonlinear Schrödinger Equation Approximation for an Anharmonic Chain with Harmonic Long Range Interactions

D. Grecu, Anca Visinescu, A.S. Cârstea
Pages: 139 - 144
Multi-scales method is used to analyze a nonlinear differential-difference equation. In the order 3 the NLS eq. is found to determine the space-time evolution of the leading amplitude. In the next order this has to satisfy a complex mKdV eq. (the next in the NLS hierarchy) in order to eliminate secular...
Research Article

25. Symplectic Structure of the Painlevé Test

Jishan Hu, Min Yan
Pages: 145 - 148
In this note, we present a result to show that the symplectic structures have been naturally encoded into the Painlevé test. In fact, for every principal balance, there is a symplectic change of dependent variables near movable poles.
Research Article

26. Some Recent Results on Integrable Bilinear Equations

Xing-Biao Hu, Hon-Wah Tam
Pages: 149 - 155
This paper shows that several integrable lattices can be transformed into coupled biliear differential-difference equations by introducing auxiliary variables. By testing the Bäcklund transformations for this type of coupled bilinear equations, a new integrable lattice is found. By using the Bäcklund...
Research Article

27. Singular Solution of the Liouville Equation under Perturbation

L.A. Kalyakin
Pages: 156 - 160
The Cauchy problem for the Liouville equation with a small perturbation is considered. We are interested in the asymptotics of the perturbed solution under the assumption that one has singularity. The main goal is to study both the asymptotic approximation of the singular lines and the asymptotic approximation...
Research Article

28. Nonlinear Gauge Transformation for a Quantum System Obeying an Exclusion-Inclusion Principle

G. Kaniadakis, A. Lavagno, P. Quarati, A.M. Scarfone
Pages: 161 - 165
We introduce a nonlinear and noncanonical gauge transformation which allows the rduction of a complex nonlinearity, contained in a Schrödinger equation, into a real one. This Schrödinger equation describes a canonical system, whose kinetics is governed by a generalized Exclusion-Inclusion Principle....
Research Article

29. On Integrable Discretization of the Inhomogeneous Volterra Lattice

V.V. Konotop
Pages: 166 - 171
An integrable discretization of an inhomogeneous Volterra lattice is introduced. Some aspects of dynamics of a soliton affected by a random force are discussed.
Research Article

30. Some Fourth-Order Ordinary Differential Equations which Pass the Painlevé Test

Nicolai A. Kudryashov
Pages: 172 - 177
An approach to the Painlevé analysis of fourth-order ordinary differential equations is presented. Some fourth-order ordinary differential equations which pass the Painlevé test are found.
Research Article

31. Construction of Variable Mass Sine-Gordon and Other Novel Inhomogeneous Quantum Integrable Models

Anjan Kundu
Pages: 178 - 182
The inhomogeneity of the media or the external forces usually destroy the integrability of a system. We propose a systematic construction of a class of quantum models, which retains their exact integrability inspite of their explicit inhomogeneity. Such models include variable mass sine-Gordon model,...
Research Article

32. Nonlinear Renormalization Group Flow and Optimization

Sen-Ben Liao
Pages: 183 - 187
Renormalization group flow equations for scalar 4 are generated using smooth smearing functions. Numerical results for the critical exponent in d = 3 are caculated by polynomial truncation of the blocked potential. It is shown that the covergence of with the order of truncation can be improved by fine...
Research Article

33. Torsional Travelling Waves in DNA

Tomasz Lipniacki
Pages: 188 - 194
The simple model of the non-linear DNA dynamics [4] is pursued in order to study the local untwisting of DNA double helix. It is shown how the advancing RNA polymerase may force the motion of the torsional solitary wave along DNA.
Research Article

34. A New Class of Integrable Newton Systems

Hans Lundmark
Pages: 195 - 199
A new class of integrable Newton systems in Rn is presented. They are characterized by the existence of two quadratic integrals of motion of so-called cofactor type, and are therefore called cofactor pair systems. This class includes as special cases conservative systems separable in elliptic or parabolic...
Research Article

35. Integrability and Non-Integrability of Planar Hamiltonian Systems of Cosmological Origin

Andrzej J. Maciejewski, Marek Szydlowski
Pages: 200 - 206
We study the problem of non-integrability (integrability) of cosmological dynamcal systems which are given in the Hamiltonian form with indefinite kinetic energy form T = 1 2 g(v, v), where g is a two-dimensional pseudo-Riemannian metric with a Lorentzian signature (+, -), and v TxM is a tangent vector...
Research Article

36. A Simple Family of Non-Local Poisson Brackets

Oscar McCarthy
Pages: 207 - 211
A dispersionless integrable system with repeated eigenvalues is presented. For N 3 components the system has no local Hamiltonian structure. Infinitely many simple compatible non-local Hamiltonian structures are given, using a result of Ferapontov.
Research Article

37. Whitham­Toda Hierarchy in the Laplacian Growth Problem

M. Mineev-Weinstein, A. Zabrodin
Pages: 212 - 218
The Laplacian growth problem in the limit of zero surface tension is proved to be equivalent to finding a particular solution to the dispersionless Toda lattice hierarchy. The hierarchical times are harmonic moments of the growing domain. The Laplacian growth equation itself is the quasiclassical version...
Research Article

38. Topological Solitons in Discrete Space-Time as the Model of Fermions

A.I. Musienko
Pages: 219 - 224
In the present work we discuss arguments in favour of the view that massive fermions represent dislocations (i.e. topological solitons) in discrete space-time, with Burgers vectors parallel to the axis of time. If we assume that the symmetrical parts of tensors of distortions (i.e. derivatives of atomic...
Research Article

39. Self-Dual Chern­Simons Solitons and Quantum Potential

Oktay K. Pashaev, Jyh-Hao Lee
Pages: 225 - 229
An influence of the quantum potential on the Chern­Simons solitons leads to quatization of the statistical parameter = me2 /g, and the quantum potential strenght s = 1 - m2 . A new type of exponentially localized Chern­Simons solitons for the Bloch electrons near the hyperbolic energy band boundary are...
Research Article

40. Soliton Resonances, Black Holes and Madelung Fluid

Oktay K. Pashaev, Jyh-Hao Lee
Pages: 230 - 234
The reaction-diffusion system realizing a particular gauge fixing condition of the Jackiw­Teitelboim gravity is represented as a coupled pair of Burgers equations with positive and negative viscosity. For acoustic metric in the Madelung fluid representtion the space-time points where dispersion change...
Research Article

41. The Solution of Chain of Quantum Kinetic Equations of Bogoliubov for Bose Systems, Interacting by Delta Potential

M. Yu. Rasulova
Pages: 235 - 239
The BBGKY's chain of quantum kinetic equations that describes the system of Bose particles interacting by delta potential is solved by the operator method with the help of nonlinear Schrödinger's equations. The solution of the chain is defined in terms of the Bethe ansatz.
Research Article

42. Reflectionless Analytic Difference Operators (AOs): Examples, Open Questions and Conjectures

S.N.M. Ruijsenaars
Pages: 240 - 248
We present a scenario concerning the existence of a large class of reflectionless seladjoint analytic difference operators. In order to exemplify this scenario, we summarize our results on reflectionless self-adjoint difference operators of relativistic CalogerMoser type.
Research Article

43. Elbow Scattering and Boundary Value Problems of NLPDE

Pierre C. Sabatier
Pages: 249 - 253
We use Lax equations to define a scattering problem on an infinite elbow shaped line of the (x, t) plane. The evolution of scattering coefficients when the elbow is translated in the plane shows how convenient scannings may reconstruct the solution V (x, t) of the nonlinear equation associated to the...
Research Article

44. Universal Lax Pair for Generalised Calogero­Moser Models

R. Sasaki
Pages: 254 - 260
In this talk we introduce generalised Calogero­Moser models and demonstrate their integrability by constructing universal Lax pair operators. These include models based on non-crystallographic root systems, that is the root systems of the finite reflection groups, H3, H4, and the dihedral group I2(m),...
Research Article

45. A Finite Dimensional Completely Integrable System Associated with the WKI- and Heisenberg Hierarchies

Rudolf Schmid, Taixi Xu, Zhongding Li
Pages: 261 - 265
We consider the following spectral problem y1 y2 x = -w u v w y1 y2 M y1 y2 , (1) where u, v, w are smooth functions. It produces a hierarchy of evolution equations with an arbitrary function Am-1. This hierarchy includes the WKI [8] and Heiseberg [7] hierarchies by properly selecting the special function...
Research Article

46. The Kaldor­Kalecki Model of Business Cycle as a Two-Dimensional Dynamical System

Marek Szydłowski, Adam Krawiec
Pages: 266 - 271
In the paper we analyze the Kaldor­Kalecki model of business cycle. The time dlay is introduced to the capital accumulation equation according to Kalecki's idea of delay in investment processes. The dynamics of this model is represented in terms of time delay differential equation system. In the special...
Research Article

47. The Investigation into New Equations in (2 + 1) Dimensions

Kouichi Toda, Song-Ju Yu
Pages: 272 - 277
First of all, we show the existence of the Lax pair for the Calogero Korteweg-de Vries(CKdV) equation. Next we modify T operator that is one of the Lax pair for the CKdV equation for the search of the (2 + 1)-dimensional case and propose a new equation in (2 + 1) dimensions. We call it the (2 + 1)-dimensional...
Research Article

48. Change of the Time for the Toda Lattice

A.V. Tsiganov
Pages: 278 - 282
For the Toda lattice we consider properties of the canonical transformations of the extended phase space, which preserve integrability. At the special values of integrals of motion the integral trajectories, separated variables and the action variables are invariant under change of the time. On the other...
Research Article

49. On Representation of the P­Q Pair Solution at the Singular Point Neighborhood

N.V. Ustinov
Pages: 283 - 288
The compatible expansion in series of solutions of both the equations of P­Q pair at neighborhood of the singular point is obtained in closed form for regular and irregular singularities. The conservation laws of the system of ordinary differential equations to arise from the compatibility condition...
Research Article

50. A Dynamical System: Mars and its Satellite

Piotr Wąż
Pages: 289 - 293
A description of the most accurate analytical theory of the motion of Phobos, so far constructed, is presented. Several elements of the gravitational field of Mars, gravitational interactions between Phobos and Mars, Deimos and Jupiter, as well as tidal effects due to the interaction between the Sun...
Research Article

51. A Pivotal Model for the (1 + 1)-Dimensional Heisenberg and Sigma Models

A.E. Winn
Pages: 294 - 299
An integrable interpolative (Pivotal) model for the (1 + 1)-dimensional Hyperbolic Heisenberg and Hyperbolic sigma models is proposed and some solutions classifiable by an integer winding number examined.
Research Article

52. Quasi-Bi-Hamiltonian Systems Obtained from Constrained Flows

Yunbo Zeng
Pages: 300 - 304
An infinite number of families of quasi-bi-Hamiltonian (QBH) systems can be costructed from the constrained flows of soliton equations. The Nijenhuis coordinates for the QBH systems are proved to be exactly the same as the separation variables introduced by the Lax matrices for the constrained flows.
Research Article

53. Dynamics of Soliton-Like Excitations in a Chain of a Polymer Crystal: Influence of Neighbouring Chains Mobility

Elena A. Zubova, N.K. Balabaev
Pages: 305 - 311
We investigate influence of mobility of neighbouring chains on dynamics of soliton-like excitations in a chain of the simplest polymer crystal (polyethylene in the "united atoms" approximation) using molecular dynamics simulation. We present results for point-like structural defects: static and moving...