Epidemiology of Meningitis in Oman—Implications for Future Surveillance
- Padmamohan J. Kurup1, Seif Al-Abri2, Salim Al-Mahrooqi2, Amina Al-Jardani2, Shyam Bawikar2, Bader Al-Rawahi2, Idris Al-Abaidani2, *1Directorate General for Health Services, Muscat, Oman2Directorate General for Disease Surveillance and Control, Ministry of Health, Muscat, Oman*Corresponding author. Email: email@example.com
- Corresponding Author
- Idris Al-Abaidani
- https://doi.org/10.2991/j.jegh.2018.02.001How to use a DOI?
- Haemophilus influenzae, Lumbar puncture, Meningitis, Neisseria meningitides, Oman, Streptococcus pneumoniae, Surveillance
This study aimed to understand the epidemiology of meningitis cases admitted to hospitals in Oman and to identify any changing microbial patterns from the introduction of the new vaccines.
A retrospective analysis of all cases of meningitis reported through a national surveillance system. Meningitis is a notifiable disease.
Of a total of 581 cases of meningitis from the period between January 1, 2005 and December 31, 2013, 15% (88) were confirmed to be bacterial in origin and 7.2% (42/581) viral. In 50.9% (296) of patients with suspected pyogenic meningitis, no specific bacterial pathogen were identified, and in 26% of cases (151) a cerebrospinal fluid study could not be undertaken. Among 88 cases with confirmed bacterial pathogens the organisms identified were Streptococcus pneumoniae (65.9%), Neisseria meningitides (18.2%), Haemophilus influenzae (6.8%), and other organisms (9.1%). The peak incidence was in children <2 years of age (39.4%). It showed notable decline in H. influenzae cases as well as pneumococcal meningitis cases, possibly indicative of the successful immunization program.
A drop in H. Influenzae and pneumococcal meningitis cases was possibly the effect of the introduction of vaccines. It shows the need for improving diagnostic accuracy, laboratory capacities, and quality of surveillance reporting.
- © 2018 Atlantis Press International B.V.
- Open Access
- This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC license (http://creativecommons.org/licences/by-nc/4.0/).
Cite this article
TY - JOUR AU - Padmamohan J. Kurup AU - Seif Al-Abri AU - Salim Al-Mahrooqi AU - Amina Al-Jardani AU - Shyam Bawikar AU - Bader Al-Rawahi AU - Idris Al-Abaidani PY - 2018 DA - 2018/12 TI - Epidemiology of Meningitis in Oman—Implications for Future Surveillance JO - Journal of Epidemiology and Global Health SP - 231 EP - 235 VL - 8 IS - 3-4 SN - 2210-6014 UR - https://doi.org/10.2991/j.jegh.2018.02.001 DO - https://doi.org/10.2991/j.jegh.2018.02.001 ID - Kurup2018 ER -