Part of Springer Nature

Artery Research

Volume 13, Issue C, March 2016, Pages 6 - 16

Acute changes in arterial stiffness following exercise in healthy Caucasians and South Asians

Authors
Jeyasundar Radhakrishnan*, Dionne Matthew, Keiran Henderson, David A. Brodie
Faculty of Society and Health, Buckinghamshire New University, 106 Oxford Road, Uxbridge UB8 1NA, United Kingdom
*Corresponding author. Present address: Canadian VIGOUR Centre, Univerisity of Alberta, 2-132 Li Ka Shing Centre for Health Research Innovation, Edmonton, AB T6G 2E1. E-mail address: Jeyasundar@gmail.com (J. Radhakrishnan).
Corresponding Author
Jeyasundar Radhakrishnan
Received 29 May 2015, Revised 11 November 2015, Accepted 16 November 2015, Available Online 13 December 2015.
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.artres.2015.11.002How to use a DOI?
Keywords
Arterial stiffness, Pulse wave analysis, Exercise capacity, Acute exercise, Applanation tonometry, Cardiovascular risk
Abstract

Background: Arterial stiffness and exercise capacity are independent predictors of cardiovascular diseases. This study aims to establish the acute changes in arterial stiffness using applanation tonometry following sub-maximal exercise in Caucasians and South Asians. This study also aims to establish the relationship between exercise capacity and arterial stiffness.

Methods: In total, 69 participants including 37 Caucasians and 32 South Asians were assessed for arterial stiffness non-invasively using SpygmoCor (SCOR-PVx, Version 8.0, AtCor Medical Inc North America, USA) before and after an exercise test using the Bruce protocol on a treadmill and by measuring aerobic capacity using a metabolic analyser (Medical Graphics, Cardio Control, Minnesota, USA).

Results: Significant increases in arterial stiffness variables were observed including augmentation pressure, subendocardial viability ratio, ejection duration, pulse pressure, augmentation index and mean arterial pressure following exercise in both ethnic groups (P < 0.05). There were no significant differences in these increases between the ethnic groups (p > 0.05). There was no change in pulse wave velocity (p > 0.05). Exercise capacity was inversely related to arterial stiffness (P < 0.05).

Conclusion: There are no differences in arterial stiffness at the baseline and following acute exercise between Caucasians and South Asians. There was significant increase in arterial stiffness following exercise in both groups. Exercise capacity is inversely related to arterial stiffness. The results suggest that non invasive arterial stiffness could be used as a tool to measure acute changes following exercise.

Copyright
© 2015 Association for Research into Arterial Structure and Physiology. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Open Access
This is an open access article distributed under the CC BY-NC license.

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Journal
Artery Research
Volume-Issue
13 - C
Pages
6 - 16
Publication Date
2015/12
ISSN (Online)
1876-4401
ISSN (Print)
1872-9312
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.artres.2015.11.002How to use a DOI?
Copyright
© 2015 Association for Research into Arterial Structure and Physiology. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Open Access
This is an open access article distributed under the CC BY-NC license.

Cite this article

TY  - JOUR
AU  - Jeyasundar Radhakrishnan
AU  - Dionne Matthew
AU  - Keiran Henderson
AU  - David A. Brodie
PY  - 2015
DA  - 2015/12
TI  - Acute changes in arterial stiffness following exercise in healthy Caucasians and South Asians
JO  - Artery Research
SP  - 6
EP  - 16
VL  - 13
IS  - C
SN  - 1876-4401
UR  - https://doi.org/10.1016/j.artres.2015.11.002
DO  - https://doi.org/10.1016/j.artres.2015.11.002
ID  - Radhakrishnan2015
ER  -