The Comparative Study of Kh Hasyim Asy’ari and Ki Hadjar Dewantara (the Curriculum Concepts)
- 10.2991/978-2-38476-022-0_32How to use a DOI?
- Thought; Education; Comparative; Curriculum
The curriculum in Indonesia is a curriculum that changes rapidly, so its confusing educators who need consistency in its application. One of the ways is by referring to competent figures, such as KH Hasyim Asy’ari with PP Tebuireng and Ki Hadjar Dewantara with his Taman Siswa institution. The two of them were different backgrounds in an era that were not great distances, had activities in the world of education and were both freedom fighters. This study aims to describe the curriculum concept applied by K.H Hasyim Asy’ari and Ki Hadjar Dewantara in their respective institutions, to compare the similarities and differences as well as their relevance to the current 2013 curriculum. With a focus covering: 1. The concept of KH Hasyim Asy’ari and Ki Hadjar Dewantara curriculum 2. Comparison of both thoughts in the aspects of curriculum 3. The relevance of both curriculum concepts to the 2013 curriculum. This study is included in the qualitative category or library research. The data collected by a survey book or literature study which conducted in three stages: orientation, exploration and focused research stages. Data analysis techniques used inductive qualitative analysis, presenting the introduction of characters by affirmation object, exploring and connecting logically between characters and historical records so that the classification of the applied curriculum concepts was found. The results showed that 1. The concepts of curriculum KH. Hasyim Asy’ari and Ki Hadjar Dewantara have a complete dimension, insert of religious/moral programs, individual and society material programs with methods ranging from traditional ones such as weton, sorogan etc. to the modern methods. 2. The differences between the two is indeed thick, the KHA with an Islamic nuanced curriculum, while the KHD with the Universal National curriculum, implements a boarding school system, Islamic boarding schools in Tebuireng, Paguron in Taman Siswa, the cultivation of nationalism and character priorities are the points in the common between the two 3. Thus, their thought are still relevant with the 2013 curriculum in general.
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Cite this article
TY - CONF AU - Muhammad Arfan Mu’ammar AU - Fitriyah Cholishoh PY - 2023 DA - 2023/05/13 TI - The Comparative Study of Kh Hasyim Asy’ari and Ki Hadjar Dewantara (the Curriculum Concepts) BT - Proceedings of the 1st UMSurabaya Multidisciplinary International Conference 2021 (MICon 2021) PB - Atlantis Press SP - 293 EP - 304 SN - 2352-5398 UR - https://doi.org/10.2991/978-2-38476-022-0_32 DO - 10.2991/978-2-38476-022-0_32 ID - Mu’ammar2023 ER -