Proceedings of the 2015 International Symposium on Energy Science and Chemical Engineering

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83 articles

Study of Compound Heat Transfer Enhancement of Horizontal Liquid-Solid Fluidized Bed Heat Exchanger with a Kenics Static Mixer

Yan Liu, Zhi Wang, Wei Zhang, Chenglin Pei, Shaofeng Zhang
This paper describes the characteristics of heat transfer and pressure drop of the horizontal liquid-solid fluidized bed heat exchanger with a Kenics static mixer. The effects of inlet conditions of the working fluids and twist ratio on the heat transfer characteristics as well as pressure drop are discussed....

Physical Properties of Mixtures of Rice Starch and Tapioca Starch Prepared by Extrusion Cooking Technology

Wen Xia, Jihua Li, Fei Wang, Xiaoyi Wei, Tiaokun Fu, Zhenwen Zhang
The purpose of this study is to investigate the physical properties of mixtures of rice starch and tapioca starch (TS) prepared by extrusion cooking technology. The microstructure analysis suggested that samples presented a looser and more porosity structure as TS content increased. The X-ray diffraction...

Low Temperature Synthesis of Mesoporous γ-Alumina Supported Nickel Oxides and Their Catalytic Application for CO2 Methanation

Xingfu Shang, Digu Deng, Xueguang Wang, Xiujing Zou, Weizhong Ding, Xionggang Lu
The mesoporous -alumina supported nickel oxides with different Ni/Al molar ratios (x = 0.05, 0.10, 0.125, 0.25, 0.50) have been prepared by a simple partial hydrolysis of aqueous solution of Al(NO3)3 and Ni(NO3)2 with (NH4)2CO3 without templates or organic surfactants at low calcination temperature of...

The Safe Thickness of Top Plate in the Process of the Underground Excavation Transferred to Opencast Excavation

Shiguo Sun, Weidong Liu, Yujuan Zhang
Zijinshan gold mine once to mining local underground copper resources, result in the mined-out area which elevation from 460 m to 570 m, the upper pit continue mining down the deep,one of the main problems in the safety production is that the large-scale mining equipment work whether fall into the mined-out...

Amidoxime Selective Adsorption for Uranyl and Transition Metals

Guilin Wei, Fangting Chi, Pinglin Guo, Ziyue Gong, Fule Liu, Tianli Qiu
Uranium is the most useful resource in nuclear reactor. But the land resource won’t satisfy the nuclear reactor in the future. There still existsa large amountofuraniumin the seawater.The seawater environmenthas been simulated by Amsterdam Density Functional(ADF) forgetingan orderbetween uranyl (UO22+)and...

Comparison of Different Extraction Methods for Flavonoids and Polyphenols from Manilkara Zapota Leaves and Evaluation of Antioxidant Activity

Feiyue Ma, Xiumei Zhang, Yu Ge Liu, Qiong Fu, Zhi Ling Ma
In the present research, a comparative study was conducted between heat reflux extraction (HRE), ultrasonic-assisted enxtraction (UAE) and negative pressure cavitation extraction (NPCE) for extract total phenols and total flavonoids from Manilkara zapota leaves. Single-factor experiments were applied...

One Pot Synthesis of Amino-Functionalized Magnetite/Silica Nanocomposites in Microemulsion

Zheng Zhang, Wei Zhang
Amino-functionalized magnetite/Silica (Fe3O4/SiO2) nanoparticles were synthesized in water-in-oil microemulsion system by one-pot process. The structure composition and the surface functional groups of the product were characterized. The synthesized product was embedded structure of Fe3O4/SiO2 nanocomposites...

Corrosion Behavior of Austenitic Steel 304 in Nearcritical Aqueous Solutions

Yanhui Li, Shuzhong Wang, Laisheng Wang, Pengfei Yu, Jianqiao Yang
In this paper, the corrosion characteristics of Austenitic steel 304 in nearcritical aqueous solutions containing 1000 ppm chlorides, and chemical oxygen demand (COD) of 2000 ppm, was investigated. The samples surface were examined using scanning electron microscopy (SEM) equipped with energy dispersive...

Study on Carbon Emissions from Municipal Solid Waste in Shenzhen

Junfeng Zhang, Hong Fang, Bofei Ma, Huaimo You
There are generating many municipal solid wastes in the rapid development of urbanization. Municipal solid wastes treatment could generate lots of carbon emissions, which accounted for an important share in total carbon emissions. Therefore, it is crucial to compare emissions from different ways of municipal...

The Disjunction Effect of Marine Bay Mouth to Zn

Dongfang Yang, Danfeng Yang, Fengyou Wang, Sixi Zhu, Mingzhong Long
Based on the investigation data on Zn in bottom waters in the bay mouth of Jiaozhou Bay in May, September and October in 1983, were analyzed the contents and distributions of Zn. Results showed that Zn contents in bottom waters in May, September and October in the bay mouth of Jiaozhou Bay in 1983 were...

Synthesis and Characterization of Small Functional Molecule Composed of BseDz

Hongxia Li, Qing Cheng, Qingzhen Wen
Novel organic conjugated molecule composed of central benzoselenadiazole (BseDZ) units as electron acceptor and two pyrrole groups as electron donors was prepared via the Stille coupling reaction. The molecular structure was verified by 1HNMR and 13CNMR. UV-vis spectroscopy showes that molecule has broad...

Conceptual Model and Evaluation Index of Low-Carbon Urban Economy

Jun Liu, Yuanyuan Liu, Yao Wang
Conceptual model and evaluation index of low-carbon urban economy are researched in this paper through the case study method. First of all, challenges of low-carbon city economic development in Zunyi are analyzed. After that, conceptual model and design idea of index of low-carbon urban economy are given....

Review of the Impact of Tax Policy on Renewable Energy Development in China

Jianfei Shen, Yuan Wang, Suli Yan
As one of the important public means of Government’s macro-controls, tax policy has played an important role in supporting the new energy industry development. Therefore, using a variety of means, especially macro-fiscal and tax policies, to promote new energy optimization in industrial structure upgrading...

An Empirical Study on Influence Mechanism of Consumer Trust on Low-Carbon Purchasing Behavior

Pei Zheng, Zhiqi Liu
This paper examines the influence mechanism of consumer trust on consumers’ low-carbon purchasing behavior based on the theory of planned behavior. Results show that consumer trust exerts positive impacts on consumers’ low-carbon purchasing attitude, subjective norm and perceived behavioral control,...

Evaluation on the Urban Sustainable Development Level of Xicheng District in Beijing

Leigang Shi, Cunjun Li, Haitang Hu, Xiang Sun, Heju Huai, Huarui Wu
Urban city plays important roles in the development of urban China. It is of highly strategic significance to evaluate the urban sustainable development level. In this paper, an assessment indicator system was designed composing of 4 first-level indicators and 20 second-level indicators. The entropy...

Research on Indoor Map Production for Fire Rescue

Ming Wang, Ling Peng, Yuhuan Ren
Indoor map has become a hotspot of electronic map research. However, the usual indoor map production methods couldn’t provide useful information for fire rescue. In this paper, by the way of investigating requirements of fire fighting and rescue, analyzing the characteristic of indoor map for fire rescue,...

Protein Sparing Effect of Lipid in Diets for Common Carp(Cyprinus carpio)

Ze Fan, Jinghui Li, Zhenyan Cheng, Baolong Zhang, Mu Qu, Jinhui Sun, Dongqing BAI, Xiuting Qiao
This experiment was conducted to evaluate the effects of dietary lipid level on growth performance, activities, and gene expression of related lipid metabolism enzyme of common carp (initial average weight (36.12±1.18)g. Five experimental diets with increasing lipid levels of 2.1%, 4.0%, 5.8%, 7.6%,...

Research on Green Building Design Strategy of Large Space Building —Taking Taiyuan South Railway Station as a Case

Hui Zhang, Xuan Zhou, Di Wei, Minzu Li
As a city’s landmark building, railway passenger stations are often large in space, crowded and extremely comfortable, which resulted in high energy consumption. Taking Taiyuan south railway station as a case, this paper introduced the green energy-saving design of the adaptable climate through natural...

The Impact of Compact Urban Management on Environmental Quality: Evidence from Chinese Cities

Like Yuan
Periods of decentralization had exerted a tremendous pressure on the cities environmentsustainability. The compact city concept was seen as an approach that could end “the evil of urban sprawl”. This paper uses GDP density as the index of compact city to examine the determinants of environment sustainability...

Regional Characteristic Analysis of Emission Intensity of the Main Pollutants in China

Yaling Liu, Wenjing Zhang, Yueying Wu, Weili Ye, Qiang Wang
Emission intensity of the main pollutants could indicate the relationship between economic development and environmental load in certain regions. We collected emission data of 6 main pollutants for different provinces in 2012, including chemical oxygen demand (COD), ammonia nitrogen, sulfur dioxide,...

Comprehensive Evaluation on the Control of Smart Distribution Network Project Investment Based on Cooperation Management during the Construction Process

Shuangying Zhang, Dunnan Liu, Song Ju, Lihang Ji, Jin Pan
This paper mainly have a comprehensive evaluation on the control of smart distribution network project investment during the construction process from the term of investors. First, according to the cooperation management, analyze the demand of investors’ investment control, build the index system of...

Effects of pH on the Morphology and Photocatalytic Performance of BiVO4 Prepared Via Hydrothermal Method

Xingxing Gao, Jian Wang, Hongbo Xu, Jianglong Yu
BiVO4 with different morphologies were synthesized via a controllable dodecylamine-assisted hydrothermal method. The effect of pH on the crystallinity, morphology and optical absorption property of BiVO4 was investigated by X-ray diffraction (XRD) scanning electron microscopy(SEM) and UV-vis Diffuse...

Analysis on the Influence of the Average Thickness of Sandstone in Overburden upon Mining Subsidence

Shijie Song, Xiaoguang Zhao, Mengdi Gao, Wenjie Nie
The layered structure of overburden strata of coal measures is a remarkable geological characteristic of coal occurrence. The average thickness of sandstone is one of the key characteristics in the overburden layered structure, which can impact significantly the development of mining subsidence. Based...

Research of Particles Distribution Function in Horizontal Liquid-Solid Circulating Fluidized Bed

Jing Wu, Jiangtao Wang, Yan LIU
A horizontal liquid-solid multi-tube circulating fluidized bed was designed to study the influence of front header distributor, liquid velocity,Kenics static mixer to various particle’s distribution and discuss the pressure of front header to back header. The CCD image measurement and data processing...

The Effects of CeO2 Addition on the Performance of Zinc Oxide Sorbent Prepared by Microwave Solid-State Method for H2S Removal

Zibing Su, Mengmeng Wu, Yang Li, Yu Feng, Jie Mi
ZnO sorbents with different CeO2 loadings were prepared by microwave calcination and tested the performance for H2S removal in a fixed-bed reactor at 500 . The results revealed that the Ce-doped sorbents have a higher efficiency and longer breakthrough time compared with non-modified sorbents. The optimal...

Research and Application of the Hardware and the Sequence Control System for Chemical Water Treatment System

Bo Lin, Weiyan Sui, Song Gao
This paper introduces the method of controlling system of chemical water treatment control system of thermal power plant, which is transformed into a distributed control system. According to the working principle and structure characteristics of the equipment, the protection and the sequence control...

The Slope Comprehensive Reinforcement Design Scheme Optimization Based on the Limit Equilibrium Method

Shiguo Sun, Yinghai Zhang, Jianqiang Wang, Zhenhua Su, Shaojie Feng
The composition of the open-pit mine slope is a dynamic process. With the arriving of the exploitation of the deep and slope, the slope height, slope angle increases for years and forms high-steep slope. Its security seriously restricts safety production. This article will take the steep slopes of one...

Study on Performance of the Exhaust Valve in Water Supply and Drainage Engineering

Li Zhao, Yusi Yang, Yudong Lu, Xiao Hu, Linghui Fan
Gas cannot prompt emission is the main reason for Water pipeline burst, explore the exhaust valve’s performance at present, which has practical significance for the pipeline safety protection.Through the experiment, research the commonly used exhaust valve in water supply and drainage engineering and...

Study on the Relationship between the Economic Growth and Carbon Emission in Heilongjiang Province

Xu Yang, Pan Luo, Yi RU, DongLiang Li, DaSha Fan, Yang Xu
This paper investigates the dynamic relationship between the economic growth and carbon emission in Heilongjiang province based on the data from 1990 to 2011. The results show that the carbon dioxide emission has been still increasing with economic growth since 1990. The paper researches on the relationship...

Experimental Measurement of CO2 Diffusion Coefficient in Porous Media Using NMR Micro-Imaging

Junlin Chen, Yuechao Zhao, Yongchen Song, Di Wu, Dayong Wang
In the recent years, using CO2 injection into oil reservoirs to enhanced oil recovery (CO2-EOR) has attracted more and more attention from industry and laboratory experiment. The mass transfer and diffusion of CO2 in oil is one of the key parameters of displacement process. In this study, by employing...

The Contribution to Low-Carbon Transportation and Energy Saving of Equilibrium Configuration on Traffic Resources

Shouhong Ren, Zhifei Xie, Shuo Tian
Considering the country attaches great importance to energy conservation and emission reduction, Low-carbon transportation and the commuting of Hohhot’s serious transportation inefficiency causes the destruction of the atmosphere and the useless consumption of energy, time and other resources, as well...

Research On Intelligent Low Carbon Urban Lighting System

Tao Wang, Zhanhua Zan, Zhenlong Yang, Jinlong Zhu, Longfei Ma, Yapeng Hu, Xinchao Zhao
Smart low-carbon city as a rapidly developing field is the most investment value of the new project in the 21st century.In this paper, we propose an intelligent low carbon urban lighting system using fuzzy control and neural network control algorithm, it can realize intelligent, low carbonization and...

Study on the Accumulation of Heavy Metals in Alpinia Oxyphylla Miq. at Different Growth Stages

Dan Zhou, Yurong Fu, Weiyong Lai, Junqing Zhang
Objective: to compare the contents of heavy metals in Alpinia oxyphylla Miq. at different growth stages. Methods: The content of Cu was determined by atomic absorption spectroscopy. The contents of other four elements, i.e. As, Hg, Pb and Cd, were determined by atomic fluorescence spectroscopy. Result:...

Preparation of Y(OH)3:Eu3+ and Y2O3:Eu3+ with Nanotube Morphology by a Facile Hydrothemal Method

Bin Deng, Haiying Huang, Ruijin Yu
In this work, Y(OH)3:Eu3+ nanotubes with 2-3 µm in length and 50-300 nm in diameter have been successfully synthesized on a large scale by hydrothermal treatment of the corresponding oxides in pure water. In addition, Y2O3:Eu3+ nanotubes could be obtained by calcination of Y(OH)3:Eu3+ nanotubes in air...

Economical Analysis of the Influence of cleaning PV Modules on Power Generating Cost of Photovoltaic Power Station

Ruopu Yang
Ash fouling on the surface of solar PV modules influences power generating efficiency. However, cleaning PV modules will increase power generating cost. Through comparative analysis of power generating cost between cleaned and uncleaned PV modules of same kind, it is concluded that the daily equivalent...

Soil Quality Status of Different Land-Use Types in Shiqu County, China

Wenju Liao, Dehua Tang, Xinggui Wang, Xiaobin Cheng
The soil quality status of three typical land-use types (grassland, forestland and cultivated land) in Shiqu County is surveyed, including soil pH, soil calcium carbonate, cation exchange capacity, organic matter, total nitrogen, total phosphorus, total potassium, available nitrogen, available phosphorus,...

Catalytic Fixed-Bed Pyrolysis of Lignocellulosic Biomass for Production of Phenolic-Rich Bio-Oil

Alisa Mamaeva, Arash Tahmasebi, Jianglong Yu
Production of fine chemical from biomass has attracted increasing research attention in recent years. In this paper, the effects of activated-carbon on production of phenolic-rich bio-oil were systematically studied. Different ratios of the activated carbon/peanut shell in the blend were pyrolyzed and...

Supercritical Water Oxidation of Coal Gasification Wastewater

Laisheng Wang, Shuzhong Wang, Yuzhen Wang, Yanhui Li
The sludge produced by biochemical treatment process of coal gasification wastewater contains large amount of phenol and tar, it is difficult to be degraded by conventional methods. Supercritical water oxidation (SCWO) technique was carried out for biochemical sludge from coal gasification wastewater...

Analysis on Wind Power Acceptance Ability Taking into Account Power System Economy

Hongwei Han, Gang Zhou, Kaifeng Zhang, Li Hao, Qia Ding
In order to analyze the wind power acceptance ability of the power grid, the assessment model of the wind power acceptance ability which takes power system economy into consideration has been established in the paper. On account of the contradiction between the utilization of wind power and the power...

One-Pot Reaction for Synthesis of 1,2,3-Triazole Thioethers from Iodotriazole, Sulfur and Alkylhalides/Tosylates

Bei Yang, Yining Wen, Zhen Jiang, Linlin Zhang, Pan Yu, Ningning Liu, Jian Zhang, Qinpei Wu
A tandem procedure catalyzed by CuI has been developed for the synthesis of 1,2,3-triazole thioethers. Treatment of iodo 1,2,3-triazole with sulfur and followed by reduction with NaBH4 and alkylation with alkylhalides or tosylates in one–pot forms various triazole thioethers under mild conditions. This...

Optimization Process of Hummers with Large Diameter Graphite

Yeye Xu, Bo Xiao, Jiao Yan
Graphene oxide (GO) is prepared from flake graphite. By changing graphite, reaction time and oxidant addition, the critical process that influenced the preparation is studied. Optimum reaction process of 1400 m/710 m graphite is obtained with results of characterization and yield. With the introduction...

Distribution Network Sensor Selection Based on Improved Membership Function

Erxia Li, Yuling Li, Naiqiang Mao, Zhen Wu, Guoming Ma
The condition monitoring of distribution equipment is significant for safety and reliability of distribution network cooperation. In order to monitor the operating state of distribution equipment, first, we should learn about the function and characters of the different distribution and ensure the acquisition...

The Analysis of Flow Stability in Pipe by Experiment

Jun Wang, Jie Geng, Dong Li, Xinhui Wang
Many kinds of fluid were sent by pipes; the stability of the flow was closely related to the exchange of energy. The velocity field of a pipe was tested in the experiment; the curves of standard deviation were obtained from the test. The results show that at low Reynolds number axial and radial standard...

The Trace Input of Cyanide to Jiaozhou Bay

Dongfang Yang, Sixi Zhu, Mingzhong Long, Danfeng Yang, Fengyou Wang
This paper analyzed the content, pollution level, pollution source and input of cyanide in Jiaozhou Bay 1983. Results showed that cyanide contents in surface waters were 0.02-0.46 g L-1, which were much lower than the guide line of cyanide in Grade I (5.00 g L-1) of National Sea Water Quality Standard...

Analysis of Factors Estimation and Influence of Regional CO2 Emissions—A Case of Shandong Province Example

Qiang Zhao, Jie Li, Chaoyue Li
Contemporary society with the economic development, the demand for fossil fuels was increasing, leading to the increase of CO2 emissions, resulting in more serious environmental problems. So it was of great significance to analyze carbon emissions and the factors that affected its emissions, which could...

New Exact Solutions for a Glycolysis Model

Junyi Yin, Zhanguo Li
This Essay has studied a glycolysis model and found two new exact solutions for this model, namely the group-invariant solution for the model obtained by applying the Lie group method, and the solitonicic solution for the model obtained by applying the hyperbolic function method.

Research on the Methods of Releasing the Capacity of Railway for Transferring Freight Flow from Road to Railway

Boliang Lin, Chang Liu, Jiaxi Wang, Siqi Liu
This paper firstly analyses the necessity of constructing low-carbon emission system in China and put forward the concept of reducing carbon emission by transferring freight flow from road to railway. The methods of releasing the capacity of railway are studied emphatically, including the cost of freight...

Transient Electromagnetic Torque Calculation Method for Short Circuit Fault of Turbo Generator Set

Haihua Zhang, Shiwu Xiao, Xiaoqing Xiao, Likun Zheng
This paper presents a mathematical model of the fault component network for systems with series compensation devices, when the three-phase short circuit occurs. After the transient electromagnetic torque is calculated, the initial amplitude and attenuation coefficient of transient electromagnetic torque...

Applications of Microalgae as Feed Additives in Aquaculture

Jinghui Li, Ze Fan, Mu Qu, Xiuting Qiao, Jinhui Sun, Dongqing Bai, Zhenyan CHENG
Microalgae are a group of small size and lower plants that can conduct photosynthesis, which are characterized by riching in protein, fat (polyunsaturated fatty acids), polysaccharides, vitamins, antioxidants, pigments, trace elements, etc. Its nutritional value can be comparable to meat, eggs, and even...

Research of Distributed Data Acquisition System Based on CIM/E

Peng Du, Ziming Guo, Zhaoqi Wen, Hao Zhang, Yu Qiao, Wenwen Wang, Jianhua Chen
This paper analyzes the traditional mode of data acquisition, proposed the distributed data acquisition system architecture which is based on the CIM/E, while discussing the management of CIM/E files and data sharing under this architecture. The feasibility of the system has been verified by engineering...