Part of Springer Nature

Artery Research

Volume 22, Issue C, June 2018, Pages 1 - 7

Brachial flow-mediated dilatation response to acute different upper body training postures in lean inactive vs. lean active men

Authors
Witid Mitranun*, Prasit Peepathuma
Department of Sports Science, Faculty of Physical Education, Srinakharinwirot University, Ongkharak, Nakhon Nayok, 26120, Thailand
a

Fax: +662 649 5000x22502.

*Corresponding author. Fax: +662 649 5000x22502. E-mail addresses: mitranunwitid@hotmail.com (W. Mitranun), prasitpeepathum@yahoo.com (P. Peepathum).
Corresponding Author
Witid Mitranun
Received 16 November 2017, Revised 17 January 2018, Accepted 23 January 2018, Available Online 7 February 2018.
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.artres.2018.01.003How to use a DOI?
Keywords
Bench press, Endothelial function, Flow-mediated dilatation, Lat pull down, Resistance training
Abstract

Background: Resistance training postures trigger different results on endothelial function: however, the acute effect of resistance training on upper body muscle in active and inactive persons is inconclusive. The present study aimed to investigate the acute effects of 2 different types of upper body training (bench press training and lat pull down training) on flow-mediated dilation (FMD), and to compare the effects between lean inactive men (LI) and lean active men (LA).

Methods: LI (n = 16) and LA (n = 16) men undertook 2 upper body training postures at 60% of 1 repetition maximum (RM), 15 repetitions a set for 3 sets. Before and after immediate training, the biological data, FMD data, and blood pressure data were collected.

Results: Both the LI and LA groups showed similar results at the baseline of biological data, including carotid intima media thickness data (P > 0.05), while the higher muscular strength was observed in the LA group. Significantly higher shear rate and blood pressure after training were observed in both groups (P < 0.05); however the magnitude of increment in blood pressure was greater in LI group. FMD was significantly increased in the LA group following bench press training while it decreased in the LI group following lat pull down training (P < 0.05).

Conclusion: Higher fitness status can acutely protect against the undesirable effects on vascular function following resistance training. In active persons, we suggest performing both the bench press and lat pull down trainings, without any limitations. In contrast for inactive persons, the bench press is recommended at the beginning of training for protection against decreased FMD. After vascular adaptation, lat pull down training might be added in order to strengthen upper body muscles.

Copyright
© 2018 Association for Research into Arterial Structure and Physiology. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Open Access
This is an open access article distributed under the CC BY-NC license.

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Journal
Artery Research
Volume-Issue
22 - C
Pages
1 - 7
Publication Date
2018/02
ISSN (Online)
1876-4401
ISSN (Print)
1872-9312
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.artres.2018.01.003How to use a DOI?
Copyright
© 2018 Association for Research into Arterial Structure and Physiology. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Open Access
This is an open access article distributed under the CC BY-NC license.

Cite this article

TY  - JOUR
AU  - Witid Mitranun
AU  - Prasit Peepathum
PY  - 2018
DA  - 2018/02
TI  - Brachial flow-mediated dilatation response to acute different upper body training postures in lean inactive vs. lean active men
JO  - Artery Research
SP  - 1
EP  - 7
VL  - 22
IS  - C
SN  - 1876-4401
UR  - https://doi.org/10.1016/j.artres.2018.01.003
DO  - https://doi.org/10.1016/j.artres.2018.01.003
ID  - Mitranun2018
ER  -