Enhancing Cognitive Retention of Different Academic Abilities Undergraduate Students Through PBLRQA Strategy
- 10.2991/978-2-38476-022-0_28How to use a DOI?
- Cognitive Retention; Academic Ability; Learning Strategy; PBLRQA
The success of learning is generally measured by how far students master the concepts being taught. However, to find out the effectiveness of the learning strategy, it is necessary to analyze whether the concepts taught can be retained in students’ long-term memory (retention). This research is a quasi-experimental research, which aims to increase the cognitive retention of students with different academic abilities through the PBLRQA strategy in Animal Physiology lectures. The research design used a pretest-posttest non-equivalent control group design. The sample of this study was all first-year biology students of academic year 2020/2021 with a total of 115 people spread over 4 classes. Student cognitive retention is measured by using essay questions. Research data were analyzed by using descriptive and inferential statistics with two-way covariate analysis (ANACOVA). The results showed that the PBLRQA strategy was an effective learning strategy to increase students’ cognitive retention. The percentage of improvement in students’ retention from pretest to posttest through the PBLRQA strategy and traditional strategy was 4.57% and 0.57%, respectively. The Least Significance Difference (LSD) test showed differences in cognitive retention, the interaction of PBLRQA strategy - upper academic ability was significantly higher 14.70% than the PBLRQA- lower academic ability, while the traditional- upper academic ability strategy was significantly higher 5.50% than the traditional strategy - lower academic ability. Based on the results of the study, it was concluded that the PBLRQA strategy could increase the cognitive retention of students with different academic abilities.
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Cite this article
TY - CONF AU - Lina Listiana AU - Arsad Bahri AU - Asham Bin Jamaluddin AU - Andi Muharni AU - Wahyu Hidayat Malik PY - 2023 DA - 2023/05/13 TI - Enhancing Cognitive Retention of Different Academic Abilities Undergraduate Students Through PBLRQA Strategy BT - Proceedings of the 1st UMSurabaya Multidisciplinary International Conference 2021 (MICon 2021) PB - Atlantis Press SP - 259 EP - 268 SN - 2352-5398 UR - https://doi.org/10.2991/978-2-38476-022-0_28 DO - 10.2991/978-2-38476-022-0_28 ID - Listiana2023 ER -