Social Presence in Online Learning: Meta Analysis
- 10.2991/978-2-38476-022-0_93How to use a DOI?
- meta-analysis; social presence; students satisfaction; online learning
This article presents a meta-analysis of the experimental and survey literature that has examined the relationship of social presence to student satisfaction in online learning. The aspects that are considered and carried out in meta-analysis studies in several primary studies on the relationship of social presence to student satisfaction in online learning are in two ways, namely, errors in sampling and errors in measurement. The percentage of variance due to sampling error is small, namely 10% and the variance of measurement error is 1.3%, smaller than the impact of sampling error. This small percentage indicates the possibility of error bias because errors in measurement are very small.
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Cite this article
TY - CONF AU - Rochmawati Rochmawati PY - 2023 DA - 2023/05/13 TI - Social Presence in Online Learning: Meta Analysis BT - Proceedings of the 1st UMSurabaya Multidisciplinary International Conference 2021 (MICon 2021) PB - Atlantis Press SP - 835 EP - 847 SN - 2352-5398 UR - https://doi.org/10.2991/978-2-38476-022-0_93 DO - 10.2991/978-2-38476-022-0_93 ID - Rochmawati2023 ER -