The Importance of Targeted Poverty Alleviation Policy — The Improvement and Experience from Past Policies
- 10.2991/978-2-494069-89-3_369How to use a DOI?
- Poverty; Targeted Poverty Alleviation; Government; Experience
Poverty is an issue faced by most if not all the countries in the world and it proposes a great challenge to all governments and their people. It is one of the 17 sustainable development goals set by the United Nations. Since the last century, the UN has recognized that about 11.6% of the world population was in extreme poverty in 2000. Many countries and governments try to tackle this problem and use various methods to reduce the poverty population. Within them, the Chinese government has done an impressive job in the last 40 years as they have decreased the poverty population by 800 million, which has contributed to 70% of the reduction in poverty worldwide. To better promote the anti-poverty ideology and provide a reference and example for other countries working on this task, this paper mainly summarizes the strategies used by the Chinese government in their anti-poverty plan, mainly focusing on the last stage: the plan-targeted poverty alleviation policy, summarizing its method and improvement from the past practice. Which includes the establishment of a centralized agency, the precise identification of poverty, and different approaches for different causation. Also, this paper will conclude with experiences and lessons learned from China’s anti-poverty plan. These include the importance of government-led projects, multidimensional anti-poverty strategies, and encouraging self-sustainable development in poor areas. Despite the mass success achieved by the Targeted Poverty Alleviation Policy, many challenges still lay in the future of poverty reduction. Such as the decreasing marginal effect between financial input and the poverty reduction, low competitiveness of the products made by the poor population compared to large-scale production, and the problem of dependency of the poor population on aid provided by the government.
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Cite this article
TY - CONF AU - Qifan Zhao PY - 2022 DA - 2022/12/30 TI - The Importance of Targeted Poverty Alleviation Policy — The Improvement and Experience from Past Policies BT - Proceedings of the 2022 5th International Conference on Humanities Education and Social Sciences (ICHESS 2022) PB - Atlantis Press SP - 3207 EP - 3222 SN - 2352-5398 UR - https://doi.org/10.2991/978-2-494069-89-3_369 DO - 10.2991/978-2-494069-89-3_369 ID - Zhao2022 ER -