Journal of Risk Analysis and Crisis Response

Volume 11, Issue 2, June 2021, Pages 45 - 56

Food Security Risks of Countries along the Belt and Road in the Context of the COVID-19 Pandemic

Authors
Chao Zhang1, 2, 3, ORCID, Yanzhao Yang1, 2, 4, *, ORCID, Zhiming Feng1, 2, 4, Tingting Lang1, 2, Xiufen Wang5, Ying Liu1, 2
1Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
2College of Resources and Environment, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
3Faculty of Geographical Science, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875, China
4Key Laboratory of Carrying Capacity Assessment for Resource and Environment, Ministry of Natural Resources, Beijing 101149, China
5Institute of Agriculture Resources and Regional Planning, CAAS, Beijing 100081, China
*Corresponding author. Email: yangyz@igsnrr.ac.cn
Corresponding Author
Yanzhao Yang
Received 3 February 2021, Accepted 8 April 2021, Available Online 17 May 2021.
DOI
https://doi.org/10.2991/jracr.k.210503.001How to use a DOI?
Keywords
COVID-19 pandemic, food security, international trade, supply risk, countries along the Belt and Road
Abstract

The COVID-19 pandemic has triggered concerns about the global food crisis, thus identification of food security risks constitutes an important basis for responding to the influence of the pandemic. In this study, the influence path of the pandemic on food security was analyzed first. Then, the risk nodes of the trade network of countries along the Belt and Road were identified by complex network analysis. Further, food security risks were comprehensively assessed, and dominant risk types were systematically determined by using a four-dimensional integrated food security risk assessment model. According to the results: (1) The COVID-19 pandemic adds to the uncertainty of food security, lowers the efficiency and stability of international trade, highlights the importance of domestic supply, and exposes the vulnerability of external dependence. (2) The Main Cereals Trade Network (MCTN) presents typical scale-free features in the Belt and Road, and core countries significantly affect the stable service of the network. However, as spreading of COVID-19, these countries may pose potential risks to the global food market in the future, by disrupting MCTN. (3) The possession of cereals less than 200 kg/per in 19 countries along the Belt and Road, nine countries have an external dependence of above 90%, and eight countries have an import concentration of above 90%. With the pandemic, 27 countries’ Food Security Risks Indices (FSRI) increase over 1.5 times. (4) Roughly 25%, 40%, and 15% of the countries are dominated by the pandemic risk, dual risks, and compound risks, respectively. About half a number of the countries shows very high or high FSRI level. Specifically, seven countries are dominated by the compound risk. Ten countries are dominated by the domestic supply risk and the pandemic risk. Six countries are dominated by the domestic supply risk and the import concentration risk.

Copyright
© 2021 The Authors. Published by Atlantis Press B.V.
Open Access
This is an open access article distributed under the CC BY-NC 4.0 license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/).

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Journal
Journal of Risk Analysis and Crisis Response
Volume-Issue
11 - 2
Pages
45 - 56
Publication Date
2021/05
ISSN (Online)
2210-8505
ISSN (Print)
2210-8491
DOI
https://doi.org/10.2991/jracr.k.210503.001How to use a DOI?
Copyright
© 2021 The Authors. Published by Atlantis Press B.V.
Open Access
This is an open access article distributed under the CC BY-NC 4.0 license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/).

Cite this article

TY  - JOUR
AU  - Chao Zhang
AU  - Yanzhao Yang
AU  - Zhiming Feng
AU  - Tingting Lang
AU  - Xiufen Wang
AU  - Ying Liu
PY  - 2021
DA  - 2021/05
TI  - Food Security Risks of Countries along the Belt and Road in the Context of the COVID-19 Pandemic
JO  - Journal of Risk Analysis and Crisis Response
SP  - 45
EP  - 56
VL  - 11
IS  - 2
SN  - 2210-8505
UR  - https://doi.org/10.2991/jracr.k.210503.001
DO  - https://doi.org/10.2991/jracr.k.210503.001
ID  - Zhang2021
ER  -