Part of Springer Nature

Artery Research

Volume 12, Issue C, December 2015, Pages 7 - 7

P2.6 PWV IS AN INDEPENDENT DETERMINANT OF COGNITIVE DYSFUNCTION IN CKD PATIENTS

Authors
Despina Karasavvidou*1, 2, Dimitrios Stagikas2, Kosmas Pappas2, Stylianos Lampropoulos1, Cristos katsinas1, Rigas kalaitzidis2
1Department of Nephrology, General Hospital of Ptolemaida, Ptolemaida, Greece
2Department of Nephrology, University Hospital of Ioannina, Ioannina, Greece
Available Online 23 November 2015.
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.artres.2015.10.213How to use a DOI?
Abstract

Objectives: In the general population aortic stiffening assessed by carotid femoral pulse wave velocity (cf-PWV) is associated with cognitive dysfunction (CO/DY). Data in chronic kidney disease (CKD) are limited. Our study tests the hypothesis that large artery stiffness and microvascular damage in CKD patients are related to brain microcirculation changes reflected by impaired cognitive function.

Methods: Among 244 patients, finally 44 with CKD stage 1; 47 stage 2; 25 stage 3; 35 stage 4, with mean age 58.4 years (64.5% males), were enrolled in a cross-sectional study. Cognitive impairment measured by Mini Mental State Examination (MMSE), Clock – drawing test (Clock-test), and Instrumental Activity of Daily Living (IADL) was considered as primary outcome. We directly measured brachial, aortic, systolic blood pressure, pulse pressure, mean blood pressure and cf-PWV.

Results: Our patients revealed a significant linear deterioration in all the domains of cognitive function according to CKD stages, assessed by MMSE, Clock-test and IADL. The risk of cognitive dysfunction increased significantly from CKD stage 3 to 4 (p<0.01). High levels of cf-PWV (p=0.029) and aortic pulse pressure (aPP) (p<0.026), were independent predictors of cognitive decline according to MMSE.

Conclusions: The present trial supports the interaction between the kidney and the brain injury microcirculation. In clinical practice cf-PWV and aPP measurements may help to predict cognitive decline. Whether, the reduction in aortic stiffness following an aggressive treatment translates into improved cognitive outcomes remains to be determined.

Open Access
This is an open access article distributed under the CC BY-NC license.

Journal
Artery Research
Volume-Issue
12 - C
Pages
7 - 7
Publication Date
2015/11
ISSN (Online)
1876-4401
ISSN (Print)
1872-9312
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.artres.2015.10.213How to use a DOI?
Open Access
This is an open access article distributed under the CC BY-NC license.

Cite this article

TY  - JOUR
AU  - Despina Karasavvidou*
AU  - Dimitrios Stagikas
AU  - Kosmas Pappas
AU  - Stylianos Lampropoulos
AU  - Cristos katsinas
AU  - Rigas kalaitzidis
PY  - 2015
DA  - 2015/11
TI  - P2.6 PWV IS AN INDEPENDENT DETERMINANT OF COGNITIVE DYSFUNCTION IN CKD PATIENTS
JO  - Artery Research
SP  - 7
EP  - 7
VL  - 12
IS  - C
SN  - 1876-4401
UR  - https://doi.org/10.1016/j.artres.2015.10.213
DO  - https://doi.org/10.1016/j.artres.2015.10.213
ID  - Karasavvidou*2015
ER  -