Artery Research

Volume 4, Issue 1, March 2010, Pages 15 - 18

Racial differences in relation between carotid and radial augmentation index☆

Authors
Jun Sugawaraa, b, *, Hidehiko Kominea, Mutsuko Yoshiwazaa, c, d, Takashi Tarumib, Seiji Maedac, Hirofumi Tanakab
aInstitute for Human Science and Biomedical Engineering, National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology, Ibaraki, Japan
bCardiovascular Aging Research Laboratory, Department of Kinesiology and Health Education, University of Texas at Austin, Austin, TX, USA
cCenter for Advanced Research Alliance, University of Tsukuba, Tsukuba, Ibaraki, Japan
dGraduate School of Comprehensive Human Sciences, University of Tsukuba, Tsukuba, Ibaraki, Japan

Grant support: JSPS Postdoctoral Fellowships for Research Abroad (JS) and NIH grant AG20966 (HT).

*Corresponding author. Institute for Human Science and Biomedical Engineering, the National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology (AIST), Tsukuba Central 6, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305 8566, Japan. Tel.: +81 29 861 7138; fax: +81 29 861 6660. E-mail address: jun.sugawara@aist.go.jp (J. Sugawara).
Corresponding Author
Jun Sugawara
Received 29 September 2009, Revised 2 November 2009, Accepted 2 December 2009, Available Online 25 January 2010.
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.artres.2009.12.002How to use a DOI?
Keywords
Reflection wave, Applanation tonometry, Race, Central blood pressure
Abstract

Background: Augmented central artery wave reflection is a cardiovascular disease risk factor. Augmentation index (AI) obtained from peripheral artery waveforms provides qualitatively similar information to AI from central artery waveforms. Little information is available, however, regarding the influence of racial difference in association between central and peripheral AI.

Methods: We studied 47 White adults (45 ± 17 yr, 20 women) and 94 age-matched Asian adults (45 ± 14 yr, 42 women).

Results: The White group was significantly taller than the Asian group, whereas there were no significant group differences in blood pressure and heart rate. Carotid and radial AI tended to be lower in White compared with Asian adults (P < 0.10 for both). Such tendency disappeared when the difference in height was taken into account using ANCOVA (P = 0.84 and P = 0.77, respectively). Radial AI was strongly and positively correlated with carotid AI in White adults (r = 0.75, P < 0.0001) as well as in Asian adults (r = 0.82, P < 0.0001). The slope and intercept of linear regression line between radial and carotid AI of White adults were highly comparable with those of Asian adults.

Conclusion: AI in the conveniently located peripheral vasculature may provide a surrogate measure of central AI irrespective of difference in race (e.g., Asian vs. White populations).

Copyright
© 2009 Association for Research into Arterial Structure and Physiology. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Open Access
This is an open access article distributed under the CC BY-NC license.

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Journal
Artery Research
Volume-Issue
4 - 1
Pages
15 - 18
Publication Date
2010/01
ISSN (Online)
1876-4401
ISSN (Print)
1872-9312
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.artres.2009.12.002How to use a DOI?
Copyright
© 2009 Association for Research into Arterial Structure and Physiology. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Open Access
This is an open access article distributed under the CC BY-NC license.

Cite this article

TY  - JOUR
AU  - Jun Sugawara
AU  - Hidehiko Komine
AU  - Mutsuko Yoshiwaza
AU  - Takashi Tarumi
AU  - Seiji Maeda
AU  - Hirofumi Tanaka
PY  - 2010
DA  - 2010/01
TI  - Racial differences in relation between carotid and radial augmentation index☆
JO  - Artery Research
SP  - 15
EP  - 18
VL  - 4
IS  - 1
SN  - 1876-4401
UR  - https://doi.org/10.1016/j.artres.2009.12.002
DO  - https://doi.org/10.1016/j.artres.2009.12.002
ID  - Sugawara2010
ER  -