Artery Research

Volume 4, Issue 1, March 2010, Pages 7 - 14

Acute and chronic effects of acupuncture on radial artery: A randomized double blind study in migraine

Authors
Pierre Boutouyriea, b, c, *, Robert Corvisiera, b, c, Kim-Than Onga, b, c, Claire Vulserc, Catherine Lassalled, Michel Azizia, c, Brigitte Lalouxa, b, c, Stéphane Laurenta, b, c
aUniversité Paris-Descartes, Paris, France
bINSERM U970, Paris, France
cAssistance Publique-Hôpitaux de Paris, Hôpital Européen Georges Pompidou, Paris, France
dFondation Ophtalmologique Rothschild, Paris, France
*Corresponding author. Département de Pharmacologie et Unité INSERM U 970, Hôpital Européen Georges Pompidou, Assistance Publique Hôpitaux de Paris, 20 rue Leblanc, 75015 Paris, France. Tel.: +33 1 56 09 39 91; fax: +33 1 56 09 39 92. E-mail address: stephane.laurent@egp.aphp.fr (S. Laurent).
Corresponding Author
Pierre Boutouyrie
Received 22 September 2009, Revised 11 December 2009, Accepted 23 December 2009, Available Online 19 February 2010.
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.artres.2009.12.003How to use a DOI?
Keywords
Acupuncture, Radial artery, Migraine, Hemodynamics, Randomized trial
Abstract

Background: Acupuncture is an accepted treatment for migraine. Palpation of the radial pulses is one of the most important techniques in traditional Chinese medicine both for diagnosis and monitoring of treatment efficacy. The objective of the present study was to investigate the acute and chronic effects of acupuncture on the radial artery of patients suffering from severe migraine.

Methods: A double-blind parallel group study was conducted in 31 patients never exposed to acupuncture and randomized in two groups : real acupuncture versus sham acupuncture, applied 3 times at one month interval. At baseline and after 2 months, radial artery diameter was measured with a high resolution echotracking system before and during a 20 min’s acupuncture session. Migraine severity was assessed by self administrated questionnaires and visual analogic scale for pain at each visit. Patients and investigators (not acupuncture physician) were blinded as to the treatment allocation.

Results: During the first session, radial artery diameter significantly increased after real acupuncture, (+3.1% IQR [−3.2–8.5], P = 0.03 vs 0.9% IQR [−5.3–5.8], P = NS), and remained significantly higher after the two months treatment course 5.2% IQR [−3.9–14] vs. −4.4% IQR [−10.0–3.5], respectively; P < 0.01). Patients with the most severe pain at baseline were less prone to dilate their arteries during follow-up (P < 0.05). A larger arterial vasodilatation after real acupuncture was observed for any given level of pain intensity (P < 0.01).

Conclusion: an acupuncture-induced vasodilatation was observed at the site of the radial artery in patients suffering from severe migraine and naïve to acupuncture. The vasodilatation was maintained after chronic treatment.

Condensed abstract: This double-blind randomized, controlled trial aimed at showing the acute and chronic vasodilatory response to acupuncture in migrainers naïve to acupuncture. We show that real acupuncture is accompanied by acute and chronic vasodilation of the radial artery, the chronic vasodilation is inversely related to the level of pain at baseline.

Copyright
© 2010 Published by Elsevier B.V. on behalf of Association for Research into Arterial Structure and Physiology.
Open Access
This is an open access article distributed under the CC BY-NC license.

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Journal
Artery Research
Volume-Issue
4 - 1
Pages
7 - 14
Publication Date
2010/02
ISSN (Online)
1876-4401
ISSN (Print)
1872-9312
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.artres.2009.12.003How to use a DOI?
Copyright
© 2010 Published by Elsevier B.V. on behalf of Association for Research into Arterial Structure and Physiology.
Open Access
This is an open access article distributed under the CC BY-NC license.

Cite this article

TY  - JOUR
AU  - Pierre Boutouyrie
AU  - Robert Corvisier
AU  - Kim-Than Ong
AU  - Claire Vulser
AU  - Catherine Lassalle
AU  - Michel Azizi
AU  - Brigitte Laloux
AU  - Stéphane Laurent
PY  - 2010
DA  - 2010/02
TI  - Acute and chronic effects of acupuncture on radial artery: A randomized double blind study in migraine
JO  - Artery Research
SP  - 7
EP  - 14
VL  - 4
IS  - 1
SN  - 1876-4401
UR  - https://doi.org/10.1016/j.artres.2009.12.003
DO  - https://doi.org/10.1016/j.artres.2009.12.003
ID  - Boutouyrie2010
ER  -