Risk Factors of Asphyxia in Newborns
- 10.2991/978-2-38476-022-0_65How to use a DOI?
- Risk Factors; Asphyxia; Newborn babies
Asphyxia or breathing difficulty after birth is still one of the primary causes of neonatal death in Indonesia. Three-quarters of neonatal deaths occur in the first week, 40% of them die within 24 h after birth. This study aimed to determine the risk factors for the incidence of newborn asphyxia. This research applied an analytical descriptive research design with a case-control approach. The sample size is divided into the case group of 100 newborns with asphyxia and the control group of 100 newborns without asphyxia using simple random sampling. The researchers utilized a checklist to obtain hospital medical records. The dependent variable was newborn asphyxia, while the independent variables were maternal age, parity, gestational age, type of delivery, length of delivery, maternal illness, and birth weight. The data were analyzed by univariate, bivariate, and multivariate with multiple logistic regression at the level of significance (α) < 0.05. The results of the bivariate analysis indicated that factors associated with newborn asphyxia were maternal age, gestational age, length of delivery, maternal illness, and baby weight (p < 0.05). Parity and the type of delivery were not concerning newborn asphyxia. Multivariate analysis showed that the dominant factors affecting the incidence of newborn asphyxia were gestational age OR 8.320 (95% CI: 3.126–22.146, p = 0.000), birth weight OR 6.326 (95% CI: 2.542–15.745, p = 0.000), length of delivery OR 4.282 (95% CI: 1.963–9.341, p = 0.000), maternal illness OR 3.812 (95% CI: 1.284–11.246, p = 0.016), and maternal age OR 2.670 (95% CI: 1,065–6,695, p = 0.036). Health workers should make efforts in anticipating the incidence of asphyxia in newborns by recognizing risk factors from pregnancy and childbirth and by taking appropriate asphyxia measures.
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Cite this article
TY - CONF AU - Faizatul Ummah AU - Lilin Turlina AU - Ati’ul Impartina AU - Ihda Mauliyah PY - 2023 DA - 2023/05/13 TI - Risk Factors of Asphyxia in Newborns BT - Proceedings of the 1st UMSurabaya Multidisciplinary International Conference 2021 (MICon 2021) PB - Atlantis Press SP - 621 EP - 630 SN - 2352-5398 UR - https://doi.org/10.2991/978-2-38476-022-0_65 DO - 10.2991/978-2-38476-022-0_65 ID - Ummah2023 ER -