Biopellet Production from the Wastes of Palm Oil Plantation and Processing Plant Through Various Pretreatment Processes: A Review
- 10.2991/absr.k.220101.007How to use a DOI?
- Alternative energy; Biomass; Biopellet; Palm oil waste; Waste to energy
Indonesia as one of the world’s largest palm oil producers is facing one significant problem with the amount of wastes they are producing from different stages in palm oil processing, which are consisted of the oil palm trunk (OPT), oil palm frond (OPF), empty fruit bunches (EFB), mesocarp fibre (MF) and oil palm shells (OPS). Hence, there is a need to explore the potential utilization of biomass waste coming from palm oil production as an alternative energy source, e.g. in the form of biopellets. This work was aimed to perform a literature review of various available biopellet processing techniques, which provides a summary and systematic comparison between different methods to utilize the abundant biomass waste produced by palm oil plantations and processing plants. The quality parameters of biopellet compared in this study were the moisture content, ash content, calorific value, fixed carbon content and the mechanical durability. The results of this review showed that the acid pretreatment is by far the most successful pretreatment, among others. However, a combination between various pretreatment methods should be explored to optimize the quality parameters of produced biopellets. The commercial utilization of oil palm waste-based biopellets will overcome both the national renewable energy demand problem and environmental issue.
- © 2022 The Authors. Published by Atlantis Press International B.V.
- Open Access
- This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC license.
Cite this article
TY - CONF AU - Diah Indriani Widiputri AU - Fernanda Ayuyasmin AU - Evita Herawati Legowo PY - 2022 DA - 2022/01/05 TI - Biopellet Production from the Wastes of Palm Oil Plantation and Processing Plant Through Various Pretreatment Processes: A Review BT - Proceedings of the 6th International Conference of Food, Agriculture, and Natural Resource (IC-FANRES 2021) PB - Atlantis Press SP - 39 EP - 49 SN - 2468-5747 UR - https://doi.org/10.2991/absr.k.220101.007 DO - 10.2991/absr.k.220101.007 ID - Widiputri2022 ER -