Finite Element Model of Atlantoaxial Joint with Vertebral Artery and Simulation Traction Therapy
- https://doi.org/10.2991/emcs-17.2017.371How to use a DOI?
- Atlantoaxial joint with vertebral artery; Finite element model and simulation; Traction therapy
This paper is to establish the finite element model (FEM) of atlantoaxial joint (AAJ) with vertebral artery (VA), and then have a clinical traction simulation, in order to observe the stress distribution and characteristics of AAJ and VA. CTA data of head and neck in 10 cases were used as the study objects from PACS database in our hospital, and they must be nothing abnormal detected with AAJ and VA, and with standard position and clear VA. The imaging data must be saved as DICOM, imported to Mimics and built the surface geometry model. Then it needed grids optimizing in Geomagic Studio and volume and element mesh in Hypermesh. In Abaqus, the meshed model would be given material assignments and form FEM of AAJ and VA. Finally, there are the simulations of AAJ movement and traction therapy, the results were showed in images and have an analysis and comparison. FEM of AAJ and VA had been established,there are 532921 nodes and 331309 elements. The simulation of rotary motion with the loads of 5N, 2N and 0.5N, the rotation angle of AAJ was 19.5ø, 8.9ø and 2.5ø, the stress of posterior-arch of atlas was 3100-4200 N/mm2, 500-1000 N/mm2 and 200-400 N/mm2, as similar as in the anterior-arch of atlas and VA. The simulation of traction therapy with loads of 5N and 2N on the flexion in 30ø 15ø neutral position extension in 15ø 30ø, the stress of posterior-arch of atlas was 6000-9000 N/mm2 1500-2500 N/mm2 2000-3000 N/mm2 4700-6500 N/mm2 5000-8000 N/mm2 and 1500-3000 N/mm2 600-1300 N/mm2?500-1000 N/mm2 1600-2500 N/mm2 2000-3300 N/mm2, as similar as in the nuchal ligament and pedicle of axis arch.FEM of AAJ with VA is in accordance with their anatomic structures and physiological function. In the motion simulation, the size of load is proportional to the motion angle and stress distribution, which is larger in the regions of VA, the anterior and posterior arch. In the traction simulation, the maximum stress is in the regions of nuchal ligament, posterior arch of atlas and axis pedicle in the position of extension 30ø and the minimum stress is in the neutral position 0ø. The simulation results can guide the related parameters setting of traction therapy and may prevent the iatrogenic injury.
- © 2017, the Authors. Published by Atlantis Press.
- Open Access
- This is an open access article distributed under the CC BY-NC license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/).
Cite this article
TY - CONF AU - Changhua Lin AU - Hua Zhong AU - Huiyi Zhao AU - Shaoyin Duan PY - 2017/03 DA - 2017/03 TI - Finite Element Model of Atlantoaxial Joint with Vertebral Artery and Simulation Traction Therapy BT - Proceedings of the 2017 7th International Conference on Education, Management, Computer and Society (EMCS 2017) PB - Atlantis Press SP - 1969 EP - 1977 SN - 2352-538X UR - https://doi.org/10.2991/emcs-17.2017.371 DO - https://doi.org/10.2991/emcs-17.2017.371 ID - Lin2017/03 ER -