Journal of Epidemiology and Global Health

Latest Articles

Research Article

Comparison of Predictive Models and Impact Assessment of Lockdown for COVID-19 over the United States

Olusola S. Makinde, Abiodun M. Adeola, Gbenga J. Abiodun, Olubukola O. Olusola-Makinde, Aceves Alejandro
In Press, Uncorrected Proof, Available Online: 22 February 2021
The novel Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) remains a worldwide threat to community health, social stability, and economic development. Since the first case was recorded on December 29, 2019, in Wuhan of China, the disease has rapidly extended to other nations of the world to claim many lives, especially...
Research Article

A Case Series of Severe Hospitalized COVID-19 Patients Treated with Tocilizumab and Glucocorticoids: A Report from Saudi Arabian Hospital

Salma AlBahrani, Jaffar A. Al-Tawfiq, Abdulaziz R. Alshaer, Amal Shilash, Khalid Alswefy, Razan Salamah Al-Zayer, Amr Mohamed Abouelela
In Press, Corrected Proof, Available Online: 22 January 2021
Background: The clinical spectrum of COVID-19 is variable and ranges from asymptomatic, mildly symptomatic, moderately severe and severe disease. A small proportion might develop severe disease and may have cytokine storm. One of the therapeutic options to treat such cases is Tocilizumab (TCZ). In this...
Perspective

COVID-19: Nothing is Normal in this Pandemic

Luzia Gonçalves, Maria Antónia Amaral Turkman, Carlos Geraldes, Tiago A. Marques, Lisete Sousa
In Press, Corrected Proof, Available Online: 20 January 2021
This manuscript brings attention to inaccurate epidemiological concepts that emerged during the COVID-19 pandemic. In social media and scientific journals, some wrong references were given to a “normal epidemic curve” and also to a “log-normal curve/distribution”. For many years, textbooks and courses...
Research Article

Assessment of Knowledge, Perceptions and Perceived Risk Concerning COVID-19 in Pakistan

Ayesha Haque, Sadaf Mumtaz, Rafia Mumtaz, Farheen Masood, Hudebia Allah Buksh, Amal Ahmed, Osama Khattak
In Press, Corrected Proof, Available Online: 20 January 2021
The COVID-19 pandemic is one of unmatched scale and severity. A continued state of crisis has been met with poor public adherence to preventive measures and difficulty implementing public health policy. This study aims to identify and evaluate the factors underlying such a response. Thus, it assesses...
Research Article

The Role of Convalescent Plasma and Tocilizumab in the Management of COVID-19 Infection: A Cohort of 110 Patients from a Tertiary Care Hospital in Oman

F. Khamis, Z. Memish, M. Al Bahrani, H. Al Nummani, D. Al Raisi, S. Al Dowaiki, S. Chhetri, F. Al Fahdi, M. Al Yahyai, N. Pandak, Z. Al Bolushi, Z. Alarimi, S. Al Hashmi, I. Al Salmi, Ibrahim Al-Zakwani
In Press, Corrected Proof, Available Online: 7 January 2021
Aim: As Coronavirus Disease-2019 (COVID-19) pandemic continues to evolve, the search for safe and effective therapeutic interventions remain essential. Methods: We conducted a retrospective cohort study on patients hospitalized with laboratory confirmed severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus-2...
Review Article

Epidemiology and the Magnitude of Coronary Artery Disease and Acute Coronary Syndrome: A Narrative Review

U. Ralapanawa, R. Sivakanesan
In Press, Corrected Proof, Available Online: 7 January 2021
Background: Coronary Artery Disease (CAD) is the foremost single cause of mortality and loss of Disability Adjusted Life Years (DALYs) globally. A large percentage of this burden is found in low and middle income countries. This accounts for nearly 7 million deaths and 129 million DALYs annually and...
Perspective

COVID-19 Pandemic: Need of the Hour – A Course Correction, Restructuring & Review of our Policies – An Indian Perspective

K. Vishak Acharya, Bhaskaran Unnikrishnan, Priya Rathi, A Shreenivasa
In Press, Corrected Proof, Available Online: 21 December 2020
The world stunned by a pandemic of such cataclysmic scale is reeling under the joint burden of health impact unleashed by the diseases and the strain on the economy. Glaring shortfalls and inconsistencies in strategies to combat the pandemic have surfaced worldwide irrespective of the country’s economic...
Research Article

Impact of Population Emigration from Wuhan and Medical Support on COVID-19 Infection in China

Yang Yao, Yao Tian, Jing Zhou, Xin Diao, Ligai Di, Shengyu Wang
In Press, Corrected Proof, Available Online: 8 December 2020
Background: The novel Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) infection broken out in Wuhan. We aimed to analyse the impact of medical support and population emigration from Wuhan on the cure rate and mortality of COVID-19 infection in China and to provide early warning on the developmental trend of the...
Perspective

The Recombination Potential between SARS-CoV-2 and MERS-CoV from Cross-Species Spill-over Infections

Abdulrahim A. Sajini, Almohanad A. Alkayyal, Fathi A. Mubaraki
In Press, Corrected Proof, Available Online: 23 November 2020
Countries in the Middle-East (ME) are tackling two corona virus outbreaks simultaneously, Middle-Eastern Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus (MERS-CoV) and the current Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2). Both viruses infect the same host (humans) and the same cell (type-II alveolar...
Research Article

Primary Bone Tumors in North of Jordan

Khaldoon M. Bashaireh, Mohammed Alorjani, Rami A. Jahmani, Abedallah Al Khateeb, Faisal Nimri, Mohammad A. Al-Ebbini, Abdel Rhaman M. Ababneh
Volume 11, Issue 1, March 2021, Pages 132-136
Objective: Primary tumors of bone are relatively uncommon. Little information is available about the etiology, pathophysiology, risk factors and epidemiologic features of bone tumors. In this article, we present the epidemiological data about the primary (benign and malignant) bone tumors in Jordan. Methods:...
Review Article

Narrative Review of Infection Control Knowledge and Attitude among Healthcare Workers

Abdurahman AlJohani, Karmegam Karuppiah, Alya Al Mutairi, Abbas Al Mutair
Volume 11, Issue 1, March 2021, Pages 20-25
Background: Infection is one of the major threats to Healthcare Workers (HCW) worldwide. It exposes HCW to more than 20 kinds of blood-borne pathogen infections, especially the most severe cases, namely Hepatitis B Virus (HBV), Hepatitis C Virus (HCV), and Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV). The impact...
Commentary

How to Keep COVID-19 at Bay: A Taiwanese Perspective

Chih-Cheng Lai, Muh-Yong Yen, Ping-Ing Lee, Po-Ren Hsueh
Volume 11, Issue 1, March 2021, Pages 1-5
Research Article

Coexisting Conditions among Children and Adolescents with Cancer in a Section of the South African Private Health Sector: Perspectives from Drug Utilization Data

Marianne N. Otoo, Martie S. Lubbe, Hanlie Steyn, Johanita R. Burger
Volume 11, Issue 1, March 2021, Pages 105-116
Coexisting conditions are relatively common in children with cancer, however, there is a paucity of information on the prevalence of coexisting conditions in children with cancer in South Africa. This cross-sectional study aimed at investigating the common coexisting conditions occurring in children...
Research Article

COVID-19-related Traumatic Effects and Psychological Reactions among International Students

Bijia Song, Yilin Zhao, Junchao Zhu
Volume 11, Issue 1, March 2021, Pages 117-123
Objective: The Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic is a public health emergency of international concern and poses a challenge to people’s psychological resilience. Students are reported to have greater psychological impacts from COVID-19. This study aimed to survey international students to...
Research Article

Screening Strategy of Active Pulmonary Tuberculosis in Sheltered Homeless People in Marseille, 2019

Tran Duc Anh Ly, Floriane Holi-Jamovski, Van Thuan Hoang, Ndiaw Goumballa, Meriem Louni, Thi Loi Dao, Michel Drancourt, Philippe Gautret
Volume 11, Issue 1, March 2021, Pages 124-131
We aimed to assess the reliability of a screening questionnaire for Active Pulmonary Tuberculosis (APTB) in a population of sheltered homeless persons (HP). Participants from two homeless shelters completed a questionnaire specially designed to identify patients at high-risk of APTB (available at www.tb-screen.ch),...
Commentary

Transmission of SARS-CoV-2 in the Karaoke Room: An Outbreak of COVID-19 in Guangzhou, China, 2020

Yuzhou Gu, Jianyun Lu, Wenzhe Su, Yanhui Liu, Chaojun Xie, Jun Yuan
Volume 11, Issue 1, March 2021, Pages 6-9
Research Article

Clinical Characteristics and Predictors of 28-Day Mortality in 352 Critically Ill Patients with COVID-19: A Retrospective Study

Abdulrahman Alharthy, Waleed Aletreby, Fahad Faqihi, Abdullah Balhamar, Feisal Alaklobi, Khaled Alanezi, Parameaswari Jaganathan, Hani Tamim, Saleh A Alqahtani, Dimitrios Karakitsos, Ziad A Memish
Volume 11, Issue 1, March 2021, Pages 98-104
Background: Since the first COVID-19 patient in Saudi Arabia (March, 2020) more than 338,539 cases and approximately 4996 dead were reported. We present the main characteristics and outcomes of critically ill COVID-19 patients that were admitted in the largest Ministry of Health Intensive Care Unit (ICU)...
Research Article

Knowledge, Attitude and Practice toward COVID-19 among Egyptians

Zeinab A. Kasemy, Wael A. Bahbah, Shimaa K. Zewain, Mohammed G. Haggag, Safa H. Alkalash, Enas Zahran, Dalia E. Desouky
Volume 10, Issue 4, December 2020, Pages 378-385
COVID-19 is a public Health Emergency of International Concern. The aim of this work was to assess the level of Knowledge, Attitude and Practice (KAP) among Egyptians toward COVID-19. A cross-sectional study was conducted from March 1st to April 1st, on 3712 participants of different ages and sex. An...
Research Article

Is Physical Activity Associated with Mental Health among Chinese Adolescents during Isolation in COVID-19 Pandemic?

Sifan Kang, Yuliang Sun, Xinxin Zhang, Fangjun Sun, Bingqi Wang, Wenfei Zhu
Volume 11, Issue 1, March 2021, Pages 26-33
Background: Restricted outdoor activities and online learning during COVID-19 pandemic may pose threats on the physical and mental health of Chinese adolescents in middle schools. The study was to explore the relationship of Physical Activity (PA) and Sedentary Time (SED) with mood states among Chinese...
Research Article

Knowledge, Perception, Attitudes and Behavior on Influenza Immunization and the Determinants of Vaccination

Khalil Choucair, Jack El Sawda, Sarah Assaad, Nadim G. El Chakhtoura, Habiba Hassouna, Nisreen Sidani, Mohamad Yasmin, Ali Rteil, Souha S. Kanj, Zeina A. Kanafani
Volume 11, Issue 1, March 2021, Pages 34-41
Background: We sought to determine the knowledge of, perception, attitudes, and behaviors toward influenza virus and immunization, and the determinants of vaccination among students, patients, and Healthcare Workers (HCWs) at the American University of Beirut and its affiliated Medical Center. Methods:...
Research Article

Ecological Study on Differences in COVID-19 Fatality among Wuhan, Rest of Hubei, and Rest of China

Youfu Ke, Jianli Cui, Yunkeung Wong
Volume 11, Issue 1, March 2021, Pages 42-45
Background: China’s vigorous anti-COVID-19 campaign has been going on for three months since January 20, which has contained the spread of the virus across China. Objectives: Epidemiological investigations found that COVID-19 fatality rates in Wuhan, rest parts of Hubei province except Wuhan (Rest of...
Research Article

First 70 Days Critical Data Trend for COVID-19 in Four Regions of Northern Italy: A Pilot Study

Giovanni Ortosecco, Orazio Vaia
Volume 11, Issue 1, March 2021, Pages 46-54
The new coronavirus syndrome (COVID-19) is a multi-organ pathological manifestation that, in severe forms, causes greater damage to the respiratory system, especially in the lung district with severe respiratory failure. In many cases, especially in elderly patients with high comorbidity degree, the...
Research Article

Knowledge, Attitude and Practices of Health Care Workers about Corona Virus Disease 2019 in Saudi Arabia

Unaib Rabbani, Abdullah Mohammed Al Saigul
Volume 11, Issue 1, March 2021, Pages 60-68
Background and Objectives: Corona Virus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic is a global health emergency. Health Care Workers (HCWs) with sound knowledge and practices can help curb the pandemic. This study aimed to assess the knowledge, attitude and practices of HCWs about COVID-19 and compare physicians...
Research Article

Epidemic Landscape and Forecasting of SARS-CoV-2 in India

Aravind Lathika Rajendrakumar, Anand Thakarakkattil Narayanan Nair, Charvi Nangia, Prabal Kumar Chourasia, Mehul Kumar Chourasia, Mohammed Ghouse Syed, Anu Sasidharan Nair, Arun B. Nair, Muhammed Shaffi Fazaludeen Koya
Volume 11, Issue 1, March 2021, Pages 55-59
Background: India was one of the countries to institute strict measures for Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) control in the early phase. Since, then, the epidemic growth trajectory was slow before registering an explosion of cases due to local cluster transmissions. Methods:...