Journal of Epidemiology and Global Health

Latest Articles

Care-Related Quality of Life of Caregivers of Beta-Thalassemia Major Children: An Epidemiological Study in Eastern India

Bijit Biswas, Narendra Nath Naskar, Keya Basu, Aparajita Dasgupta, Rivu Basu, Bobby Paul
In Press, Uncorrected Proof, Available Online: 11 February 2020
Caregivers are the persons who provide care at the time of distress or illness. They face many stress and strain to provide the best possible medical care for their children. There are very few studies that explored the care-related quality of life (CarerQoL) of the caregivers of thalassemic children...

HIV Testing among General Population with Sexually Transmitted Infection: Findings from Myanmar Demographic and Health Survey (2015–16)

Kyaw Lwin Show, Hemant Deepak Shewade, Khine Wut Yee Kyaw, Khin Thet Wai, San Hone, Htun Nyunt Oo
In Press, Corrected Proof, Available Online: 10 February 2020
Background: Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) testing and counseling is recommended for people with Sexually Transmitted Infections (STIs). In Myanmar, HIV testing and its predictors among those with STI in general population is unknown. Methods: This is a cross-sectional study using secondary data...

Prevalence and Factors Associated with Insomnia Among a Representative Sample of the Lebanese Population: Results of a Cross-Sectional Study

Gloria Al Karaki, Souheil Hallit, Diana Malaeb, Nelly Kheir, Hala Sacre, Pascale Salameh, Rabih Hallit
In Press, Corrected Proof, Available Online: 2 February 2020
The objectives of the study were to identify the prevalence of insomnia among a representative sample of the Lebanese population and to assess potential factors associated with insomnia among this group. A cross-sectional study was done in the Lebanese population from August 2017 to April 2018 enrolling...

Erratum to “Relationship between the Human Development Index and its Components with Oral Cancer in Latin America” [J Epidemiol Global Health 9(4), 2019, 223–232]

Brenda Yuliana Herrera-Serna, Edith Lara-Carrillo, Victor Hugo Toral-Rizo, Regiane Cristina do Amaral, Raul Alberto Aguilera-Eguía
In Press, Corrected Proof, Available Online: 31 January 2020

The Epidemiology of HIV in Oman, 1984–2018: A Nationwide Study from the Middle East

Ali Elgalib, Samir Shah, Adil Al-Wahaibi, Zeyana Al-Habsi, Maha Al-Fouri, Richard Lau, Hanan Al-Kindi, Bader Al-Rawahi, Seif Al-Abri
In Press, Corrected Proof, Available Online: 30 January 2020
We used population-based data on all diagnosed people living with Human Immunodeficiency (HIV) reported to the National AIDS Programme in 1984–2018 to describe the HIV epidemiology in Oman. A total of 3060 Omanis were diagnosed with HIV from 1984 to 2018. The proportions of new infections attributed...

Health-Seeking Behavior of People in Indonesia: A Narrative Review

Anna Wahyuni Widayanti, James A. Green, Susan Heydon, Pauline Norris
In Press, Corrected Proof, Available Online: 30 January 2020
This review aims to locate existing studies on health-seeking behavior of people in Indonesia, identify gaps, and highlight important findings. Articles were retrieved from Medline, Scopus, Web of Science, Academic Search Complete (via Ebsco), and ProQuest with a number of key words and various combinations....

Influence of Women’s Empowerment on Place of Delivery in North Eastern and Western Kenya: A Cross-sectional Analysis of the Kenya Demographic Health Survey

Elizabeth J. Anderson, Joy J. Chebet, Ibitola O. Asaolu, Melanie L. Bell, John Ehiri
In Press, Corrected Proof, Available Online: 30 January 2020
Background: Labor and delivery under the supervision of a skilled birth attendant have been shown to promote positive maternal and neonatal outcomes; yet, more than a third of births in Kenya occur outside a health facility. We investigated the association between measures of women’s empowerment and...

Early Initiation of ARV Therapy Among TB–HIV Patients in Indonesia Prolongs Survival Rates!

Tri Bayu Purnama, Siti Maemun, Nina Mariana, Adria Rusli, Renti Mahkota
In Press, Uncorrected Proof, Available Online: 13 January 2020
Background: The HIV epidemic remains a public health problem with rising tuberculosis (TB) numbers around the world. Antiretroviral (ARV) therapy (ART) is essential to increase the survival of patients with TB–HIV coinfection. The aim of this study is to investigate the effect of ARV treatment initiation...

Top Ethical Issues Concerning Healthcare Providers Working in Saudi Arabia

Amar Mansour Almoallem, Mohammed Abdulaziz Almudayfir, Yassar H. Al-Jahdail, Anwar E. Ahmed, Adnan Al-Shaikh, Salim Baharoon, Abdullah AlHarbi, Hamdan Al-Jahdali
In Press, Corrected Proof, Available Online: 13 January 2020
Background: Healthcare providers working in Saudi Arabia come from various nationalities, cultures, and training backgrounds. This study aimed to assess the perceptions of healthcare providers working in Riyadh hospitals about ethical dilemmas and solutions. Methods: This is a cross-sectional study...

Utility of Xpert MTB/RIF Assay for Diagnosis of Pediatric Tuberculosis Under Programmatic Conditions in India

Rakesh Yadav, Pankaj Vaidya, Joseph L Mathew, Sanjay Verma, Rajiv Khaneja, Priyanka Agarwal, Pankaj Kumar, Meenu Singh, Sunil Sethi
In Press, Corrected Proof, Available Online: 10 January 2020
Tuberculosis (TB) diagnosis in children still remains a challenge in developing countries. We analyze the performance of Xpert MTB/RIF assay for the diagnosis of pediatric TB under programmatic conditions. We retrospectively analyzed the performance of Xpert MTB/RIF assay from February 2016 to March...

Accuracy of Five Multiple Imputation Methods in Estimating Prevalence of Type 2 Diabetes based on STEPS Surveys

Hamid Heidarian Miri, Jafar Hassanzadeh, Saeedeh Hajebi Khaniki, Rahim Akrami, Ehsan Baradaran Sirjani
In Press, Corrected Proof, Available Online: 8 January 2020
Background: This study was aimed to evaluate five Multiple Imputation (MI) methods in the context of STEP-wise Approach to Surveillance (STEPS) surveys. Methods: We selected a complete subsample of STEPS survey data set and devised an experimental design consisted of 45 states (3 × 3 × 5), which differed...

Second-line Drug Resistance Characterization in Mycobacterium tuberculosis by Genotype MTBDRsl Assay

Sunil Sethi, Priyanka Agarwal, Rajiv Khaneja, Naresh Kumar, Nitin Kumar, Jagesh Chandna, Ashutosh Nath Aggarwal, Rakesh Yadav
In Press, Corrected Proof, Available Online: 8 January 2020
Tuberculosis (TB) remains a main hurdle for national programs due to increase in drug resistance to antitubercular drugs. World Health Organization (WHO)-endorsed Line Probe Assay, Genotype MTBDRsl Ver 2.0, gives opportunity for rapid diagnosis and molecular characterization of different mutations in...

Knowledge, Attitude and Practice of Lebanese Community Pharmacists toward Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease

Souheil Hallit, Rouba Karen Zeidan, Sylvia Saade, Aline Hajj, Rabih Hallit, Charbel Yahchouchy, Nelly Kheir, Katia Iskandar, Hala Sacre, Pascale Salameh
In Press, Corrected Proof, Available Online: 8 January 2020
Inclusion of a pharmacist showed that pharmacy-led patient education can positively impact treatment outcome, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) knowledge, medication adherence, quality of life, significant reduction in hospital admission rates, and emergency department visits. The objectives...

Does Being Transported by Emergency Medical Services Improve Compliance with the Surviving Sepsis Bundle and Mortality Rate? A Retrospective Cohort Study

Alhusain Faisal, Alsuwailem Hanin, Aldrees Alanoud, Bugis Ahad, Alzuhairi Sarah, Alsulami Sami, Arabi Yaseen, Aljerian Nawfal
In Press, Uncorrected Proof, Available Online: 31 December 2019
Background: This study aimed to investigate the relationship between patients with severe sepsis or septic shock being transported to the Emergency Department (ED) by Emergency Medical Services (EMS) and the compliance with the 3-h sepsis resuscitation bundle [Surviving Sepsis Campaign (SSC)], and to...

Dengue Outbreak Response and Control in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan: A Mixed Methods Study

Mohamed Ali Mohamud, Umair Qazi, Abdul Latif, Iftikhar Uddin Khan, Saeed Anwar
In Press, Uncorrected Proof, Available Online: 31 December 2019
Background: Since 2008, dengue fever outbreaks had occurred repeatedly in various districts of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KP) province of Pakistan. Most importantly the outbreak of 2017 caused 70 deaths, about 121,083 suspected and 24,938 confirmed cases in 23 districts of KP. In 2018, an abrupt decline in...

Evaluation of Public Health Education and Workforce Needs in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia

Mohammed Al-Mohaithef, Nargis Begum Javed, Ahmed ME Elkhalifa, Mohammed Tahash, Sriram Chandramohan, Ahmed Hazazi, Fatima Elsheikh Mohammed Elhadi
In Press, Corrected Proof, Available Online: 27 December 2019
Background: An efficient public health workforce is necessary for improving and maintaining the health of population and such a workforce can be prepared through proper educational programs and trainings. Objectives: The present study aims to investigate the needs in the public health education programs,...

A Qualitative Study of Factors Influencing the Onset of Hookah Smoking among Iranian Men with Turkmen Ethnicity

Shirin Shahbazi Sighaldeh, Fatemeh Zarghami, Abdurrahman Charkazi, Reza Negarandeh
In Press, Corrected Proof, Available Online: 24 December 2019
Introduction: Hookah smoking has grown considerably among Iranian Turkmen in the past two decades. The reasons for this increase in the consumption of hookah are unclear. Therefore, this study was conducted with the aim of determining the factors related to the start of hookah smoking in men with Turkmen...

Resurgence of Measles in Europe: A Systematic Review on Parental Attitudes and Beliefs of Measles Vaccine

Annika B. Wilder-Smith, Kaveri Qureshi
In Press, Corrected Proof, Available Online: 5 December 2019
Background and Objectives: Europe has experienced a major resurgence of measles in recent years, despite the availability and free access to a safe, effective, and affordable vaccination measles, mumps and rubella vaccine (MMR). The main driver for this is suboptimal vaccine coverage. The three objectives...

Double Burden of Malnutrition in the Asia-Pacific Region—A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis

Wen Peng, Yuhan Mu, Yang Hu, Bin Li, Jayanthi Raman, Zhixian Sui
In Press, Corrected Proof, Available Online: 4 December 2019
Background: Double Burden of Malnutrition (DBM)—the coexistence of undernutrition along with overnutrition—is a significant public health issue in the Asia-Pacific region. The scope of the DBM in this region is largely unknown. This review aims to determine the prevalence of under- and overnutrition...

Cervical Cancer Care Continuum in South India: Evidence from a Community-based Screening Program

E. Vidhubala, K. Niraimathi, Hemant Deepak Shewade, Sankar Mahadevan
In Press, Corrected Proof, Available Online: 25 November 2019
In India, cervical cancer screening is conducted at various levels; however, after screening, the adherence to the cancer care continuum is barely understood. This study evaluated a community-based cancer screening program conducted in a rural setting (Tirunelveli and Tuticorin districts) in South India...

Relationship between the Human Development Index and its Components with Oral Cancer in Latin America

Brenda Yuliana Herrera-Serna, Edith Lara-Carrillo, Victor Hugo Toral-Rizo, Regiane Cristina do Amaral, Raul Alberto Aguilera-Eguía
Volume 9, Issue 4, December 2019, Pages 223-232
To evaluate the relationship between the Human Development Index (HDI) and its components with oral cancer (OC) in Latin America. Ecological study in 20 Latin American countries in 2010 and 2017, which evaluated the relationship between the Age-Standardized Rates (ASRs) of incidence and mortality from...

Epidemiology of Type 2 Diabetes – Global Burden of Disease and Forecasted Trends

Moien Abdul Basith Khan, Muhammad Jawad Hashim, Jeffrey Kwan King, Romona Devi Govender, Halla Mustafa, Juma Al Kaabi
In Press, Corrected Proof, Available Online: 8 November 2019
The rising burden of type 2 diabetes is a major concern in healthcare worldwide. This research aimed to analyze the global epidemiology of type 2 diabetes. We analyzed the incidence, prevalence, and burden of suffering of diabetes mellitus based on epidemiological data from the Global Burden of Disease...

Investigating the Spatial Patterns of Common Childhood Morbidity in Six Neighboring West African Countries

Ezra Gayawan, Olabimpe Bodunde Aladeniyi, Olubimpe Mercy Oladuti, Paul Olopha, Samson Babatunde Adebayo
Volume 9, Issue 4, December 2019, Pages 315-323
Children in developing countries have continued to suffer morbidity and mortality arising from a few illnesses. This study was designed to examine the within and between spatial variations in childhood morbidity from cough, fever, and diarrhea among six West African countries in a manner that transcends...

Predictors of Intentions to Make Healthier Eating Choices among Midwestern Truck Drivers

Wan-Ju Jennifer Yen, Olabode Ayodele, Adrienne McCarthy
Volume 9, Issue 4, December 2019, Pages 309-314
Truck drivers constitute a highly vulnerable population with very limited opportunities for healthy foods and healthy eating choices. This cross-sectional study assessed the utility of the Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB) in understanding and predicting healthy eating intention among Midwestern truck...

Clinical, Imaging, and Laboratory Characteristics of Adult Mexican Patients with Tuberculous Meningitis: A Retrospective Cohort Study

Miguel García-Grimshaw, Francisco Alejandro Gutiérrez-Manjarrez, Samuel Navarro-Álvarez, Alejandra González-Duarte
In Press, Corrected Proof, Available Online: 6 November 2019
Tuberculous Meningitis (TBM) is the most common form of central nervous system Tuberculosis (TB), accounting for 5–6% of extrapulmonary TB cases. Nowadays, TBM continues to be a major topic in public health because of its high prevalence worldwide. This retrospective study aimed to describe the clinical,...