Journal of Epidemiology and Global Health

Latest Articles

Commentary

Exploratory Analysis of Demographic Factors and the Temporal Evolution of COVID-19 in India

Samir Vinchurkar, Nilesh Jain, Vikas Punamiya
In Press, Uncorrected Proof, Available Online: 26 September 2020
Research Article

Knowledge, Attitude and Practice toward COVID-19 among Egyptians

Zeinab A. Kasemy, Wael A. Babah, Shimaa K. Zewain, Mohammed G. Haggag, Safa H. Alkalash, Enas Zahran, Dalia E. Desouky
In Press, Uncorrected Proof, Available Online: 14 September 2020
COVID-19 is a public Health Emergency of International Concern. The aim of this work was to assess the level of Knowledge, Attitude and Practice (KAP) among Egyptians toward COVID-19. A cross-sectional study was conducted from March 1st to April 1st, on 3712 participants of different ages and sex. An...
Research Article

Is Physical Activity Associated with Mental Health among Chinese Adolescents during Isolation in COVID-19 Pandemic?

Sifan Kang, Yuliang Sun, Xinxin Zhang, Fangjun Sun, Bingqi Wang, Wenfei Zhu
In Press, Corrected Proof, Available Online: 11 September 2020
Background: Restricted outdoor activities and online learning during COVID-19 pandemic may pose threats on the physical and mental health of Chinese adolescents in middle schools. The study was to explore the relationship of Physical Activity (PA) and Sedentary Time (SED) with mood states among Chinese...
Research Article

Knowledge, Perception, Attitudes and Behavior on Influenza Immunization and the Determinants of Vaccination

Khalil Choucair, Jack El Sawda, Sarah Assaad, Nadim G. El Chakhtoura, Habiba Hassouna, Nisreen Sidani, Mohamad Yasmin, Ali Rteil, Souha S. Kanj, Zeina A. Kanafani
In Press, Corrected Proof, Available Online: 11 September 2020
Background: We sought to determine the knowledge of, perception, attitudes, and behaviors toward influenza virus and immunization, and the determinants of vaccination among students, patients, and Healthcare Workers (HCWs) at the American University of Beirut and its affiliated Medical Center. Methods:...
Research Article

Ecological Study on Differences in COVID-19 Fatality among Wuhan, Rest of Hubei, and Rest of China

Youfu Ke, Jianli Cui, Yunkeung Wong
In Press, Uncorrected Proof, Available Online: 10 September 2020
Background: China’s vigorous anti-COVID-19 campaign has been going on for three months since January 20, which has contained the spread of the virus across China. Objectives: Epidemiological investigations found that COVID-19 fatality rates in Wuhan, rest parts of Hubei province except Wuhan (Rest of...
Research Article

First 70 Days Critical Data Trend for COVID-19 in Four Regions of Northern Italy: A Pilot Study

Giovanni Ortosecco, Orazio Vaia
In Press, Corrected Proof, Available Online: 6 September 2020
The new coronavirus syndrome (COVID-19) is a multi-organ pathological manifestation that, in severe forms, causes greater damage to the respiratory system, especially in the lung district with severe respiratory failure. In many cases, especially in elderly patients with high comorbidity degree, the...
Research Article

Knowledge, Attitude and Practices of Health Care Workers about Corona Virus Disease 2019 in Saudi Arabia

Unaib Rabbani, Abdullah Mohammed Al Saigul
In Press, Corrected Proof, Available Online: 28 August 2020
Background and Objectives: Corona Virus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic is a global health emergency. Health Care Workers (HCWs) with sound knowledge and practices can help curb the pandemic. This study aimed to assess the knowledge, attitude and practices of HCWs about COVID-19 and compare physicians...
Research Article

Epidemic Landscape and Forecasting of SARS-CoV-2 in India

Aravind Lathika Rajendrakumar, Anand Thakarakkattil Narayanan Nair, Charvi Nangia, Prabal Kumar Chourasia, Mehul Kumar Chourasia, Mohammed Ghouse Syed, Anu Sasidharan Nair, Arun B. Nair, Muhammed Shaffi Fazaludeen Koya
In Press, Corrected Proof, Available Online: 28 August 2020
Background: India was one of the countries to institute strict measures for Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) control in the early phase. Since, then, the epidemic growth trajectory was slow before registering an explosion of cases due to local cluster transmissions. Methods:...
Review Article

Operationalizing the One Health Approach in Uganda: Challenges and Opportunities

Esther Buregyeya, Edwinah Atusingwize, Peninah Nsamba, David Musoke, Irene Naigaga, John David Kabasa, Hellen Amuguni, William Bazeyo
In Press, Corrected Proof, Available Online: 28 August 2020
Uganda is considered as a ‘hot spot’ for emerging and re-emerging infectious disease epidemics. The country has experienced several epidemics including; Ebola, Marburg, plague, Rift Valley fever, yellow fever and Crimean Congo haemorrhagic fever. Epidemics overwhelm health systems, devastate economies...
Research Article

Clinical Characteristics and Outcome of Hospitalized COVID-19 Patients in a MERS-CoV Endemic Area

Mazin Barry, AbdulEllah AlMohaya, Ali AlHijji, Layan Akkielah, Abdulaziz AlRajhi, Fahad Almajid, Aynaa Alsharidi, Fatimah S. Al-Shahrani, Naif H. Alotaibi, Awadh Alanazi, Leen Ghonem, Abdulkarim Alhetheel, Sarah Alsubaie, Ziad A. Memish
Volume 10, Issue 3, September 2020, Pages 214-221
Background: The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA) reported 170,639 cases and 1430 deaths from COVID-19 since the first case emerged in the country on March 2 through June 25, 2020. The objective of this report is to describe the characteristics and outcome observed among 99 hospitalized COVID-19 patients...
Research Article

Evaluating the Effects of Climate and Environmental Factors on Under-5 Children Malaria Spatial Distribution Using Generalized Additive Models (GAMs)

Chigozie Louisa Jane Ugwu, Temesgen Zewotir
In Press, Corrected Proof, Available Online: 21 August 2020
Although malaria burden has declined globally following scale up of intervention, the disease has remained a leading cause of hospitalization and deaths among children aged under-5 years in Nigeria. Malaria is known to be related to climate and environmental conditions. Previous research has usually...
Commentary

Helmet Continuous Positive Airway Pressure in the Treatment of COVID-19 Patients with Acute Respiratory Failure could be an Effective Strategy: A Feasibility Study

Abdulrahman Alharthy, Fahad Faqihi, AlFateh Noor, Ibrahim Soliman, Peter G. Brindley, Dimitrios Karakitsos, Ziad A. Memish
Volume 10, Issue 3, September 2020, Pages 201-203
Research Article

Factors Associated with Cesarean Section among Primiparous Women in Georgia: A Registry-based Study

Ingvild Hersoug Nedberg, Charlotta Rylander, Finn Egil Skjeldestad, Ellen Blix, Tamar Ugulava, Erik Eik Anda
In Press, Uncorrected Proof, Available Online: 21 August 2020
Cesarean section rates remain high in Georgia. As a cesarean section in the first pregnancy generally lead to a cesarean section in subsequent pregnancies, primiparous women should be targeted for prevention strategies. The aim of the study was to assess factors associated with cesarean section among...
Commentary

Analysis of Host Cell Receptor GRP78 for Potential Natural Reservoirs of SARS-CoV-2

I. Sirakov, D. Bakalov, R. Popova, I. Mitov
Volume 10, Issue 3, September 2020, Pages 198-200
Perspective

The Precious Commodity of Time and Sub-Saharan Africa’s Success in Keeping COVID-19 at Bay

Janet M. Wojcicki
Volume 10, Issue 3, September 2020, Pages 194-197
Most sub-Saharan African countries acted early and aggressively in response to the WHO COVID-19 warning by closing schools, international borders, limiting domestic travel and restricting large gatherings. The six most populous sub-Saharan African countries, at the beginning of July 2020 with the exception...
Review Article

Pride and Prejudice during the COVID-19 Pandemic: The Misfortune of Inappropriate Clinical Trial Design

Shahrukh K. Hashmi, Edward De Vol, Fazal Hussain
In Press, Corrected Proof, Available Online: 7 August 2020
Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) is a rapidly evolving global pandemic for which more than a thousand clinical trials have been registered to secure therapeutic effectiveness, expeditiously. Most of these are single-center non-randomized studies rather than multi-center, randomized controlled trials....
Letter to Editor

The Association between Out-of-Pocket Expenditure and COVID-19 Mortality Globally

Ziad El-Khatib, Akaninyene Otu, Ujjwal Neogi, Sanni Yaya
Volume 10, Issue 3, September 2020, Pages 192-193
Research Article

Population Risk Factors for COVID-19 Mortality in 93 Countries

Muhammad Jawad Hashim, Ahmed R. Alsuwaidi, Gulfaraz Khan
Volume 10, Issue 3, September 2020, Pages 204-208
Death rates due to COVID-19 pandemic vary considerably across regions and countries. Case Mortality Rates (CMR) per 100,000 population are more reliable than case-fatality rates per 100 test-positive cases, which are heavily dependent on the extent of viral case testing carried out in a country. We aimed...
Research Article

Morbidity and Mortality Patterns in Children Admitted to Hospital in Thai Binh, Vietnam: A Five-year Descriptive Study with a Focus on Infectious Diseases

Thi Dung Pham, Van Thuan Hoang, Thi Loi Dao, Xuan Duong Tran, Duc Long Phi, Minh Manh To, Van Nghiem Dang, Van Khoi Dang, Thanh Tung Dao, Nam Thang Nguyen, Thi Thuy Vu, Duc Thanh Nguyen, Duy Cuong Nguyen, Nang Trong Hoang, Thanh Liem Vu, Thi Minh Chinh Nguyen, Philippe Minodier, Philippe Gautret
In Press, Corrected Proof, Available Online: 29 July 2020
The objective of this study was to describe the overall pattern of morbidity and mortality of children seen at the Thai Binh Paediatric Hospital in Vietnam, with a focus on infectious diseases. A retrospective review of hospitalisation records was conducted from 1 January 2015 to 31 December 2019. Data...
Research Article

Adult Orbital Lesions in Saudi Arabia: A Multi-centered Demographic Study with Clinicopathological Correlation

Abrar K. Alsalamah, Azza MY. Maktabi, Hind M. Alkatan
In Press, Corrected Proof, Available Online: 29 July 2020
The demographics, clinical features, and histopathological classification of orbital space-occupying lesions in adults have not been widely described in our part of the world except for the pediatric population. In this retrospective study, we collected 110 consecutive adult patients (18 years and older)...
Research Article

Quality of Life of End Stage Renal Disease Patients Undergoing Dialysis in Southern Part of Kerala, India: Financial Stability and Inter-dialysis Weight Gain as Key Determinants

Kasi Visweswaran, Muhammed Shaffi, Philip Mathew, Minu Abraham, Jinbert Lordson, Premini Rajeev, Reena Thomas, Rajeev Aravindakshan, Jayadevan G, Kesavan Rajasekharan Nayar, Marthanda Pillai
In Press, Corrected Proof, Available Online: 22 July 2020
Background: Quality of Life (QoL) reflects the quality and outcome of healthcare along with key indicators of performance such as mortality and morbidity. Objective: The aim of the study was to measure the QoL among patients with End Stage Renal Disease (ESRD) on maintenance hemodialysis and to understand...
Research Article

First Prototype of the Infectious Diseases Seeker (IDS) Software for Prompt Identification of Infectious Diseases

F. Baldassi, O. Cenciarelli, A. Malizia, P. Gaudio
In Press, Corrected Proof, Available Online: 21 July 2020
The rapid detection of ongoing outbreak – and the identification of causative pathogen – is pivotal for the early recognition of public health threats. The emergence and re-emergence of infectious diseases are linked to several determinants, both human factors – such as population density, travel, and...
Research Article

Rapid Estimation of Excess Mortality during the COVID-19 Pandemic in Portugal -Beyond Reported Deaths

André Vieira, Vasco Ricoca Peixoto, Pedro Aguiar, Alexandre Abrantes
Volume 10, Issue 3, September 2020, Pages 209-213
Background: One month after the first COVID-19 infection was recorded, Portugal counted 18,051 cases and 599 deaths from COVID-19. To understand the overall impact on mortality of the pandemic of COVID-19, we estimated the excess mortality registered in Portugal during the first month of the epidemic,...
Perspective

Establishing Medical Coverage and Epidemiological Surveillance during the Grand Magal of Touba in Senegal: A Public Health Need

Cheikh Sokhna, Balla Mbacké Mboup, Ndiaw Goumbala, Mamadou Dieng, Ahmadou Bamba Sylla, Didier Raoult, Philippe Parola, Philippe Gautret
In Press, Corrected Proof, Available Online: 26 June 2020
The Grand Magal is a religious pilgrimage that takes place in Senegal. An estimated 4–5 million individuals yearly gather in the holy city of Touba. Pilgrims comes from the whole Senegal and surrounding countries and from countries outside of Africa where Mouride Senegalese emigrated. It is the largest...