Rules of Origin across African Regional Trading Agreements: A Landscape with Measures to Address Challenges at Harmonization†
- https://doi.org/10.2991/jat.k.201224.001How to use a DOI?
- AfCFTA, rules of origin, product-specific rules of origin, regime-wide rules of origin, compliance costs
To become operational, the African Continental Free Trade Area (AfCFTA) must harmonize Rules of Origin (ROO) across Africa’s Preferential Trade Agreements (PTAs) along two dimensions: regime-wide rules and product-specific rules. This paper describes and evaluates these ROO across the major multiple-membership PTAs engaged in these harmonization negotiations. These PTAs include: Agadir Agreement, the Greater Arab Free Trade Area, the Common Market for East and South Africa, the East Africa Community, the Economic Community of West African States and the Southern African Development Community. To this list we add available regime-wide information on two FTAs not yet operational: the Tripartite FTA and the AfCFTA that have reached preliminary agreement on Regime-Wide (RW) rules while Product-specific Rules (PSR) are still being negotiated. The paper makes three contributions. It provides the first comprehensive description of RW and PSR separately across the main African PTAs. This landscape is built up from the complementary work based on the rules of origin facilitator1 that has categorized the 850 textually distinct PSR across six selected African PTAs. Second, the paper proposes metrics to evaluate differences along three dimensions: (i) wording-based text analysis; (ii) distance measures to measure regulatory overlap; (iii) ordinal index to measure restrictiveness based of RW and PSR. Third, it proposes a dashboard for negotiators incorporating the classifications and measures developed in the text along with other indicators.
- © 2020 African Export-Import Bank. Publishing services by Atlantis Press International B.V.
- Open Access
- This is an open access article distributed under the CC BY-NC 4.0 license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/).
Cite this article
TY - JOUR AU - Julien Gourdon AU - Dzmitry Kniahin AU - Jaime de Melo AU - Mondher Mimouni PY - 2020 DA - 2020/12 TI - Rules of Origin across African Regional Trading Agreements: A Landscape with Measures to Address Challenges at Harmonization† JO - Journal of African Trade SN - 2214-8523 UR - https://doi.org/10.2991/jat.k.201224.001 DO - https://doi.org/10.2991/jat.k.201224.001 ID - Gourdon2020 ER -