Yu-Mei Gu, Yan-Ping Liu, Lutgarde Thijs, Tatiana Kuznetsova, Fang-Fei Wei, Harry A.J. Struijker-Boudier, Peter Verhamme, Jan A. Staessen
Pages: 35 - 43
Background: We assessed association of retinal arteriolar and venular diameters with central and peripheral blood pressure (BP).
Methods: We post-processed retinal photographs from 514 participants randomly recruited from a Flemish population (mean age, 50.6 years; 50.8% women), using IVAN software...
Noor-Ahmed Jatoi, Stella-Maria Kyvelou, John Feely
Pages: 44 - 50
Background: Mental stress, dynamic exercise and cold pressor stimulation all increase blood pressure (BP); however, their effects on arterial stiffness are not well described.
Methods: Twenty-three young healthy subjects (14 female/9 males), aged 18–30 years (23 ± 3 years), underwent mental arithmetic...
Alireza Karimi, Mahdi Navidbakhsh, Mansour Alizadeh, Ahmad Shojaei
Pages: 51 - 56
Purpose: Coronary Artery Disease (CAD) is the main cause of mortalities worldwide. The Saphenous Vein (SV) and Umbilical Vein (UV) are the most common veins using for treatment as a Coronary Artery Bypass Graft (CABG). The mechanical properties of UV owing to its long-term patency for CABG are deemed...
Danial Shahmirzadi, Elisa E. Konofagou
Pages: 57 - 65
Changes in aortic wall material properties, such as stiffness, have been shown to accompany onset and progression of various cardiovascular pathologies. Pulse Wave velocity (PWV) and propagation along the aortic wall have been shown to depend on the wall stiffness (i.e. stiffer the wall, higher the PWV),...
Pages: 66 - 72
Aortic stiffness is now established as an independent marker of cardiovascular aging and cardiovascular risk. However, the specific role of the proximal aorta, specifically the ascending aorta, remains understudied. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), a non-invasive technique has recently been proposed...