Artery Research

Volume 8, Issue 2, June 2014
Research Article

1. Central vs. peripheral blood pressure components as determinants of retinal microvessel diameters

Yu-Mei Gu, Yan-Ping Liu, Lutgarde Thijs, Tatiana Kuznetsova, Fang-Fei Wei, Harry A.J. Struijker-Boudier, Peter Verhamme, Jan A. Staessen
Pages: 35 - 43
Background: We assessed association of retinal arteriolar and venular diameters with central and peripheral blood pressure (BP). Methods: We post-processed retinal photographs from 514 participants randomly recruited from a Flemish population (mean age, 50.6 years; 50.8% women), using IVAN software...
Research Article

2. The acute effects of mental arithmetic, cold pressor and maximal voluntary contraction on arterial stiffness in young healthy subjects

Noor-Ahmed Jatoi, Stella-Maria Kyvelou, John Feely
Pages: 44 - 50
Background: Mental stress, dynamic exercise and cold pressor stimulation all increase blood pressure (BP); however, their effects on arterial stiffness are not well described. Methods: Twenty-three young healthy subjects (14 female/9 males), aged 18–30 years (23 ± 3 years), underwent mental arithmetic...
Research Article

3. A comparative study on the mechanical properties of the umbilical vein and umbilical artery under uniaxial loading

Alireza Karimi, Mahdi Navidbakhsh, Mansour Alizadeh, Ahmad Shojaei
Pages: 51 - 56
Purpose: Coronary Artery Disease (CAD) is the main cause of mortalities worldwide. The Saphenous Vein (SV) and Umbilical Vein (UV) are the most common veins using for treatment as a Coronary Artery Bypass Graft (CABG). The mechanical properties of UV owing to its long-term patency for CABG are deemed...
Research Article

4. Quantification of arterial wall inhomogeneity size, distribution, and modulus contrast using FSI numerical pulse wave propagation

Danial Shahmirzadi, Elisa E. Konofagou
Pages: 57 - 65
Changes in aortic wall material properties, such as stiffness, have been shown to accompany onset and progression of various cardiovascular pathologies. Pulse Wave velocity (PWV) and propagation along the aortic wall have been shown to depend on the wall stiffness (i.e. stiffer the wall, higher the PWV),...
Mini Review

5. Cardiovascular aging: Insights from local and regional measures of aortic stiffness using magnetic resonance imaging

Alban Redheuil
Pages: 66 - 72
Aortic stiffness is now established as an independent marker of cardiovascular aging and cardiovascular risk. However, the specific role of the proximal aorta, specifically the ascending aorta, remains understudied. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), a non-invasive technique has recently been proposed...