Artery Research

In Press, Corrected Proof, Available Online: 13 February 2021

Reliability of Finger Photoplethysmogram Assessment: Effect of Mental Stress and Day-to-Day Variability

Authors
Marina Fukuie1, 2, Takashi Tarumi2, Takayuki Yamabe1, 2, Jun Sugawara1, 2, *, ORCID
1Graduate School of Comprehensive Human Sciences, University of Tsukuba, 1-1-1 Tennodai, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-8564, Japan
2Human Informatics and Interaction Research Institute, National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology (AIST), 1-1-1 Higashi, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-8566, Japan
*Corresponding author. Email: jun.sugawara@aist.go.jp
Corresponding Author
Jun Sugawara
Received 2 October 2020, Accepted 11 January 2021, Available Online 13 February 2021.
DOI
https://doi.org/10.2991/artres.k.210208.001How to use a DOI?
Keywords
Arterial stiffness, augmentation index, finger photoplethysmogram, aging, cardiovascular disease risk
Abstract

Frequent assessment of vascular health (e.g., arterial stiffness) may predict the incidence of cardiovascular disease. The Second Derivative of the finger Photoplethysmogram Aging Index (SDPTGAI) may be used as an index of vascular aging and a screening tool for arteriosclerotic disease. To test its reliability as a measurement of arterial stiffness, we compared SDPTGAI with aortic Augmentation Index (AIx) at rest and during short-term mental stress (study 1). In addition, the day-to-day variability of SDPTGAI was evaluated (study 2). In study 1, a total of 31 apparently healthy adults were measured with the photoplethysmogram on the right index finger in the sitting resting condition. Simultaneously, the applanation tonometry was used to record blood pressure waveforms from the left radial artery (for aortic pressure waveform estimation via a general transfer function). Subsequently, 22 subjects underwent a 30-s arithmetic test (double-digit subtraction). In study 2, 10 young adults were measured with SDPTGAI for five consecutive days. In study 1, we found that SDPTGAI was significantly correlated with AIx (r = 0.682, p < 0.001). During the arithmetic task, heart rate and SDPTGAI were significantly increased from the baseline values (p < 0.05 for both) whereas AIx remained to be unchanged. In study 2, SDPTGAI showed 12.0 ± 9.9% of Coefficient of Variation (CV) across all subjects, which is comparable to CV of heart rate (12.5 ± 5.4%). These findings suggest that SDPTGAI has the potential for evaluating arterial stiffness and wave reflection at the resting condition, but it needs to be measured under well-rested relaxed condition because the finger photoplethysmogram may easily be affected by mental stressor.

Copyright
© 2021 The Authors. Publishing services by Atlantis Press International B.V.
Open Access
This is an open access article distributed under the CC BY-NC 4.0 license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/).

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Journal
Artery Research
Publication Date
2021/02
ISSN (Online)
1876-4401
ISSN (Print)
1872-9312
DOI
https://doi.org/10.2991/artres.k.210208.001How to use a DOI?
Copyright
© 2021 The Authors. Publishing services by Atlantis Press International B.V.
Open Access
This is an open access article distributed under the CC BY-NC 4.0 license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/).

Cite this article

TY  - JOUR
AU  - Marina Fukuie
AU  - Takashi Tarumi
AU  - Takayuki Yamabe
AU  - Jun Sugawara
PY  - 2021
DA  - 2021/02
TI  - Reliability of Finger Photoplethysmogram Assessment: Effect of Mental Stress and Day-to-Day Variability
JO  - Artery Research
SN  - 1876-4401
UR  - https://doi.org/10.2991/artres.k.210208.001
DO  - https://doi.org/10.2991/artres.k.210208.001
ID  - Fukuie2021
ER  -