Artery Research

Volume 27, Issue 1, March 2021, Pages 25 - 31

High Systolic Blood Pressure is Associated with Increased Cardio-ankle Vascular Index in the Elderly

Authors
Thapanee Roengrit1, *, Ruchada Sri-amad2, Nawiya Huipao2
1Department of Basic Medical Science, Faculty of Medicine Vajira Hospital, Navamindradhiraj University, Bangkok, Thailand
2Division of Health and Applied Sciences, Faculty of Science, Prince of Songkla University, Songkhla, Thailand
*Corresponding author. Email: Thapaneer.r@gmail.com
Corresponding Author
Thapanee Roengrit
Received 22 June 2020, Accepted 29 October 2020, Available Online 18 November 2020.
DOI
https://doi.org/10.2991/artres.k.201102.002How to use a DOI?
Keywords
Cardio-ankle vascular index, arterial stiffness, lipid profile, blood pressure
Abstract

Background: Increased arterial stiffness caused by elevated Blood Pressure (BP) can be indicated by the Cardio-ankle Vascular Index (CAVI). However, the relationship between arterial stiffness and BP is complex. In addition, changes in BP may contribute to increased risk of cardiovascular disease associated with abnormal lipid profiles. So far, results from published studies have been inconclusive.

Objectives: To evaluate lipid profiles and BP, and their association with CAVI values in elderly participants.

Methods: The study included 95 elderly Thai individuals. Anthropometric data, lipid profiles, and BP and CAVI values were established. Participants were then divided into low-CAVI (CAVI < 9, n = 50) and high-CAVI groups (CAVI ≥ 9, n = 45). Stepwise linear and logistic regression models were used.

Results: The high-CAVI group had significantly higher BP and hypertension levels, than the low-CAVI group. The mean age of the high-CAVI group was also higher (≥65 years). CAVI value was positively correlated with Systolic Blood Pressure (SBP) and Pulse Pressure (PP) in the high-CAVI group. Stepwise multiple regression analysis showed SBP (β = 0.43, p < 0.01) and hip circumference (β = −0.23, p = 0.01) were associated with CAVI values. Logistic regression of the high-CAVI indices showed that the Odds Ratios (ORs) for the factors of age ≥65 years, obesity, hypertension and dyslipidemia were 7.35 (95% CI 2.42–22.36, p < 0.01), 0.20 (95% CI 0.64–0.67, p < 0.01) 4.72 (95% CI 1.67–13.32, p < 0.01), and 4.84 (95% CI 1.42–16.46, p = 0.01), respectively.

Conclusion: A higher SBP level was correlated with a high-CAVI value in elderly people.

Copyright
© 2020 Association for Research into Arterial Structure and Physiology. Publishing services by Atlantis Press International B.V.
Open Access
This is an open access article distributed under the CC BY-NC 4.0 license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/).

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Journal
Artery Research
Volume-Issue
27 - 1
Pages
25 - 31
Publication Date
2020/11
ISSN (Online)
1876-4401
ISSN (Print)
1872-9312
DOI
https://doi.org/10.2991/artres.k.201102.002How to use a DOI?
Copyright
© 2020 Association for Research into Arterial Structure and Physiology. Publishing services by Atlantis Press International B.V.
Open Access
This is an open access article distributed under the CC BY-NC 4.0 license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/).

Cite this article

TY  - JOUR
AU  - Thapanee Roengrit
AU  - Ruchada Sri-amad
AU  - Nawiya Huipao
PY  - 2020
DA  - 2020/11
TI  - High Systolic Blood Pressure is Associated with Increased Cardio-ankle Vascular Index in the Elderly
JO  - Artery Research
SP  - 25
EP  - 31
VL  - 27
IS  - 1
SN  - 1876-4401
UR  - https://doi.org/10.2991/artres.k.201102.002
DO  - https://doi.org/10.2991/artres.k.201102.002
ID  - Roengrit2020
ER  -