Artery Research

Volume 12, Issue C, December 2015, Pages 5 - 5

P1.12 IN IDIOPATHIC PULMONARY ARTERIAL HYPERTENSION ARTERIAL NARROWING IS LIMITED AND HETEROGENEOUS

Authors
Nina Rol*, Esther Timmer, Theo Faes, Harm Jan Bogaard, Anton Vonk Noordegraaf, Katrien Grünberg, Nico Westerhof
VU University Medical Center, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
Available Online 23 November 2015.
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.artres.2015.10.204How to use a DOI?
Abstract

Rationale: In severe idiopathic pulmonary arterial hypertension, iPAH, pulmonary vascular resistance is increased due to remodeling of the small (resistance) arteries. Most information on arterial remodeling is limited to assessments of averaged increases in wall thickness. Quantitative information on the number of arteries affected and their internal diameter decrease in relation to vessel size is limited. Our objective was therefore to quantify numbers of affected small arteries and their internal diameter decrease for the differently sized vessels.

Methods: Internal and external arterial diameters were measured in 5 controls and 6 iPAH subjects. Resistance arteries (13 to 500 μm) were classified in Strahler orders (1–8), and the number fraction of affected vessels and their internal diameter decrease calculated.

Results: In iPAH not all resistance arteries are affected, on average about 70% of arteries have diameters not different from the control subjects, with the number of affected arteries varying between 20 and 50%. Within each order the diameters of affected vessels vary greatly and are decreased to 70-20% of control with on average to about 60% of control.

We conclude that narrowing of resistance arteries a feature of iPAH and is heterogeneous: not all arteries are narrowed, and internal diameters of narrowed arteries, even within single orders vary largely. Determination of total vessel numbers of arteries and of veins is necessary to gain insight into the possible role of rarefaction and of changes in the venous system.

Open Access
This is an open access article distributed under the CC BY-NC license.

Download article (PDF)
View full text (HTML)

Journal
Artery Research
Volume-Issue
12 - C
Pages
5 - 5
Publication Date
2015/11
ISSN (Online)
1876-4401
ISSN (Print)
1872-9312
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.artres.2015.10.204How to use a DOI?
Open Access
This is an open access article distributed under the CC BY-NC license.

Cite this article

TY  - JOUR
AU  - Nina Rol*
AU  - Esther Timmer
AU  - Theo Faes
AU  - Harm Jan Bogaard
AU  - Anton Vonk Noordegraaf
AU  - Katrien Grünberg
AU  - Nico Westerhof
PY  - 2015
DA  - 2015/11
TI  - P1.12 IN IDIOPATHIC PULMONARY ARTERIAL HYPERTENSION ARTERIAL NARROWING IS LIMITED AND HETEROGENEOUS
JO  - Artery Research
SP  - 5
EP  - 5
VL  - 12
IS  - C
SN  - 1876-4401
UR  - https://doi.org/10.1016/j.artres.2015.10.204
DO  - https://doi.org/10.1016/j.artres.2015.10.204
ID  - Rol*2015
ER  -