P1.12 IN IDIOPATHIC PULMONARY ARTERIAL HYPERTENSION ARTERIAL NARROWING IS LIMITED AND HETEROGENEOUS
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Rationale: In severe idiopathic pulmonary arterial hypertension, iPAH, pulmonary vascular resistance is increased due to remodeling of the small (resistance) arteries. Most information on arterial remodeling is limited to assessments of averaged increases in wall thickness. Quantitative information on the number of arteries affected and their internal diameter decrease in relation to vessel size is limited. Our objective was therefore to quantify numbers of affected small arteries and their internal diameter decrease for the differently sized vessels.
Methods: Internal and external arterial diameters were measured in 5 controls and 6 iPAH subjects. Resistance arteries (13 to 500 μm) were classified in Strahler orders (1–8), and the number fraction of affected vessels and their internal diameter decrease calculated.
Results: In iPAH not all resistance arteries are affected, on average about 70% of arteries have diameters not different from the control subjects, with the number of affected arteries varying between 20 and 50%. Within each order the diameters of affected vessels vary greatly and are decreased to 70-20% of control with on average to about 60% of control.
We conclude that narrowing of resistance arteries a feature of iPAH and is heterogeneous: not all arteries are narrowed, and internal diameters of narrowed arteries, even within single orders vary largely. Determination of total vessel numbers of arteries and of veins is necessary to gain insight into the possible role of rarefaction and of changes in the venous system.
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TY - JOUR AU - Nina Rol* AU - Esther Timmer AU - Theo Faes AU - Harm Jan Bogaard AU - Anton Vonk Noordegraaf AU - Katrien Grünberg AU - Nico Westerhof PY - 2015 DA - 2015/11 TI - P1.12 IN IDIOPATHIC PULMONARY ARTERIAL HYPERTENSION ARTERIAL NARROWING IS LIMITED AND HETEROGENEOUS JO - Artery Research SP - 5 EP - 5 VL - 12 IS - C SN - 1876-4401 UR - https://doi.org/10.1016/j.artres.2015.10.204 DO - https://doi.org/10.1016/j.artres.2015.10.204 ID - Rol*2015 ER -