Artery Research

Volume 8, Issue 1, March 2014, Pages 9 - 15

Patients with refractory angina have increased aortic wave reflection and wasted left ventricular pressure energy

Authors
Alvaro N. Gurovicha, Wilmer W. Nicholsb, *, Randy W. Braitha, C. Richard Contib
aDepartment of Applied Physiology and Kinesiology, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL, USA
bDivision of Cardiovascular Medicine, Department of Medicine, University of Florida College of Medicine, Gainesville, FL, USA
*Corresponding author. Division of Cardiovascular Medicine, Box 100277, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL 32610, USA. Tel.: +1 352 514 2567. E-mail addresses: Alvaro.Gurovich@indstate.edu (A.N. Gurovich), nichoww@medicine.ufl.edu (W.W. Nichols), rbraith@hhp.ufl.edu (R.W. Braith), conticr@medicine.ufl.edu (C.R. Conti).
Corresponding Author
Wilmer W. Nichols
Received 24 October 2013, Accepted 8 January 2014, Available Online 31 January 2014.
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.artres.2014.01.003How to use a DOI?
Keywords
Left ventricular wasted energy, Wave reflections, Augmentation index, Refractory angina, Central aortic pressure, Arterial stiffness, SphygmoCor
Abstract

Background: Early return of reflected blood pressure (BP) waves from the lower body augments central systolic BP and increases systolic pressure-time index (SPTI) and wasted left ventricular (LV) pressure energy, which increase afterload and myocardial oxygen (MVO2) demand. Accordingly, we sought to determine wave reflection characteristics and diastolic timing in a group of patients with chronic stable angina resistant to anti-anginal therapy.

Methods: Radial artery BP waveforms were recorded non-invasively by applanation tonometry in 36 patients with refractory angina (RA) and a reference control (CON) group of 36 successfully treated hypertensive patients without angina matched for age, gender, height, BMI, and mean BP. Pulse wave analysis (PWA) of the ascending aortic BP waveform was used to determine central hemodynamics, diastolic timing, wave reflection characteristics and wasted LV pressure energy (LVEw).

Results: Compared to the CON group, RA patients had higher central aortic augmented BP, augmentation index (Alx) and reflected pressure wave systolic duration (SDR). These modifications in wave reflection characteristics were associated with an increase in SPTI and LVEw and a decrease in pulse BP amplification and the diastolic pressure time fraction.

Conclusions: RA patients have changes in systolic wave reflections and diastolic timing that increase LV afterload, MVO2 demand and wasted LV energy and reduce coronary artery perfusion. These alterations in cardiovascular function contribute to an undesirable mismatch in the MVO2 supply/demand ratio that favors ischemia and angina pectoris and may precipitate future adverse cardiovascular events.

Copyright
© 2014 Published by Elsevier B.V. on behalf of Association for Research into Arterial Structure and Physiology.
Open Access
This is an open access article distributed under the CC BY-NC license.

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Journal
Artery Research
Volume-Issue
8 - 1
Pages
9 - 15
Publication Date
2014/01
ISSN (Online)
1876-4401
ISSN (Print)
1872-9312
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.artres.2014.01.003How to use a DOI?
Copyright
© 2014 Published by Elsevier B.V. on behalf of Association for Research into Arterial Structure and Physiology.
Open Access
This is an open access article distributed under the CC BY-NC license.

Cite this article

TY  - JOUR
AU  - Alvaro N. Gurovich
AU  - Wilmer W. Nichols
AU  - Randy W. Braith
AU  - C. Richard Conti
PY  - 2014
DA  - 2014/01
TI  - Patients with refractory angina have increased aortic wave reflection and wasted left ventricular pressure energy
JO  - Artery Research
SP  - 9
EP  - 15
VL  - 8
IS  - 1
SN  - 1876-4401
UR  - https://doi.org/10.1016/j.artres.2014.01.003
DO  - https://doi.org/10.1016/j.artres.2014.01.003
ID  - Gurovich2014
ER  -