Spatial Consequence of Smart City: A Comparison of Online Takeout Service and Restaurant Location in Shanghai Inner City
Feiyang Ji, Longxu Yan
Available Online December 2018.
- https://doi.org/10.2991/tlicsc-18.2018.30How to use a DOI?
- Spatial Consequence, Smart City, Online Takeout Service, Restaurant, Shanghai.
- Building a smart city is to archive intelligent management and services, thereby promote a more efficient and convenient urban life. However, the spatial impact of smart city technology is not clear. Current literature has focused on online shopping, which we believe produce less spatial impact as another leading application, the online-to-offline business. Taking the online takeout service --one of the most mature online-to-offline application in China--as an example, this paper attempts to provide new evidence for the spatial consequence of smart city implementations. We use open data from the leading online platform to represent the spatial location of conventional restaurants and online takeout shops. Several location metrics are measured and compared between the two shops, including spatial agglomeration intensity, overall accessibility, and distance to current commercial centers, subway station, and street frontages. At the city scale, we found clear evidence that online takeout shops are generally less dependent on agglomeration, and they tend to keep a distance from the conventional commercial centers. Meanwhile, although the location of the two shops in terms of between-ness centrality and distance to subway station is similar, huge difference could be detected when considering sales distribution that the online takeout shops with lower accessibility and larger distance to subway station are having larger market share. This could be explained by the distinct business model of online-to-offline service that shops might rely on online platforms to attract customers instead of spatial heterogeneity, making the spatial competition mechanism less effective any more. Additionally, at the micro level we also characterized the two shops based on distance to street frontages. The result shows that about 12-18% of the online takeout shops are located away from the street thus could be defined as mixed into the block. Finally, we argue that such process could lead to new development opportunities in the “ordinary” location as well as challenges including social conflict and planning policy barriers.
- Open Access
- This is an open access article distributed under the CC BY-NC license.
Cite this article
TY - CONF AU - Feiyang Ji AU - Longxu Yan PY - 2018/12 DA - 2018/12 TI - Spatial Consequence of Smart City: A Comparison of Online Takeout Service and Restaurant Location in Shanghai Inner City PB - Atlantis Press SP - 183 EP - 192 SN - 1951-6851 UR - https://doi.org/10.2991/tlicsc-18.2018.30 DO - https://doi.org/10.2991/tlicsc-18.2018.30 ID - Ji2018/12 ER -