Proceedings of the International Conference on Logistics, Engineering, Management and Computer Science

The Design of Bus Rapid Transit Routes in Cotonou based on Ant Colony Optimization Algorithm

Authors
Fousseni Gomina Mama, Yang Zhongzhen, Evans Ago Tetteh
Corresponding Author
Fousseni Gomina Mama
Available Online May 2014.
DOI
https://doi.org/10.2991/lemcs-14.2014.222How to use a DOI?
Keywords
BRT; optimization; ant colony optimization; public transport; Cotonou
Abstract
The bus rapid transit (BRT) system is an efficient public transport mode implemented recently in many cities, but still unknown in many developing countries. The aim of this paper is to introduce the BRT concept in Cotonou by developing a new model. Based on ant colony optimization (ACO), a heuristic algorithm is developed to design and optimize the BRT routes (i.e. maximize direct-through travelers on unit length of BRT route), since the problem is NP-hard. With a numerical test from the case study, the effectiveness of the model and the algorithm is examined. Applying the model to the case of Cotonou, in Benin, we wish to stimulate the debate on the implementation of Bus Rapid Transit in developing countries because transportation policies and huge financial investments for road infrastructures and public bus system seem insufficient to solve the issue of urban mobility and its sustainability.
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Proceedings
International Conference on Logistics Engineering, Management and Computer Science (LEMCS 2014)
Part of series
Advances in Intelligent Systems Research
Publication Date
May 2014
ISBN
978-94-6252-010-3
ISSN
1951-6851
DOI
https://doi.org/10.2991/lemcs-14.2014.222How to use a DOI?
Open Access
This is an open access article distributed under the CC BY-NC license.

Cite this article

TY  - CONF
AU  - Fousseni Gomina Mama
AU  - Yang Zhongzhen
AU  - Evans Ago Tetteh
PY  - 2014/05
DA  - 2014/05
TI  - The Design of Bus Rapid Transit Routes in Cotonou based on Ant Colony Optimization Algorithm
BT  - International Conference on Logistics Engineering, Management and Computer Science (LEMCS 2014)
PB  - Atlantis Press
SN  - 1951-6851
UR  - https://doi.org/10.2991/lemcs-14.2014.222
DO  - https://doi.org/10.2991/lemcs-14.2014.222
ID  - GominaMama2014/05
ER  -