The Design of Bus Rapid Transit Routes in Cotonou based on Ant Colony Optimization Algorithm
Fousseni Gomina Mama, Yang Zhongzhen, Evans Ago Tetteh
Fousseni Gomina Mama
Available Online May 2014.
- https://doi.org/10.2991/lemcs-14.2014.222How to use a DOI?
- BRT; optimization; ant colony optimization; public transport; Cotonou
- The bus rapid transit (BRT) system is an efficient public transport mode implemented recently in many cities, but still unknown in many developing countries. The aim of this paper is to introduce the BRT concept in Cotonou by developing a new model. Based on ant colony optimization (ACO), a heuristic algorithm is developed to design and optimize the BRT routes (i.e. maximize direct-through travelers on unit length of BRT route), since the problem is NP-hard. With a numerical test from the case study, the effectiveness of the model and the algorithm is examined. Applying the model to the case of Cotonou, in Benin, we wish to stimulate the debate on the implementation of Bus Rapid Transit in developing countries because transportation policies and huge financial investments for road infrastructures and public bus system seem insufficient to solve the issue of urban mobility and its sustainability.
- Open Access
- This is an open access article distributed under the CC BY-NC license.
Cite this article
TY - CONF AU - Fousseni Gomina Mama AU - Yang Zhongzhen AU - Evans Ago Tetteh PY - 2014/05 DA - 2014/05 TI - The Design of Bus Rapid Transit Routes in Cotonou based on Ant Colony Optimization Algorithm BT - International Conference on Logistics Engineering, Management and Computer Science (LEMCS 2014) PB - Atlantis Press SN - 1951-6851 UR - https://doi.org/10.2991/lemcs-14.2014.222 DO - https://doi.org/10.2991/lemcs-14.2014.222 ID - GominaMama2014/05 ER -