Introduction to Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASDs): Genetic and Environmental Risk Factors, Treatments
- 10.2991/978-2-494069-31-2_52How to use a DOI?
- Autism; Adverse Childhood Experiences; Socioeconomic Status; Sleep; Therapies
Nowadays, autism has received extensive attention from society. The aim of this review is to summarize some common genetic and environmental risk factors that lead to autism, as well as the following effective psychotherapy for autism. Autism is a heterogeneous disorder with high heritability. Vitamin D deficiency during the gestation period increases the risk of autism in children. Meanwhile, other environmental risk factors including adverse childhood experiences, family socioeconomic status, parental and maternal age, prenatal drug uptake during pregnancy, and sleep problems (such as sleep onset delay, and night waking) lead to an increased risk of autism or more severe autism symptoms. At the same time, several intervention therapies have been reported such as neurofeedback training and speech therapy, applying zonisamide, musical therapies, and dolphin-assisted therapy. These treatments can effectively relieve autism symptoms.
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Cite this article
TY - CONF AU - Jingran Ye PY - 2022 DA - 2022/12/29 TI - Introduction to Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASDs): Genetic and Environmental Risk Factors, Treatments BT - Proceedings of the 2022 6th International Seminar on Education, Management and Social Sciences (ISEMSS 2022) PB - Atlantis Press SP - 406 EP - 413 SN - 2352-5398 UR - https://doi.org/10.2991/978-2-494069-31-2_52 DO - 10.2991/978-2-494069-31-2_52 ID - Ye2022 ER -