Proceedings of the 2nd 2016 International Conference on Sustainable Development (ICSD 2016)

The life on this planet has been the subject of development in many areas, due to large human activities related to different sources of life: energy, water, etc. This development has to be well oriented and controlled to the mean objective: ensure a good life for the present and the future generations. The present generation has the responsibility to regenerate, maintain and improve planetary resources for use by future generations.

The developing environmental movement drew attention to the relationship between economic growth and development and environmental degradation.

The development driven by particular needs, without fully considering the wider or future impacts, can cause damages, from large-scale financial crises, to changes in global climate resulting from our dependence on fossil fuel-based energy sources.

Sustainable development was the solution to the problems of environmental degradation discussed by the Brundtland Commission in the 1987 report (Our Common Future). The remit of the Brundtland Report was to investigate the numerous concerns that had been raised in previous decades, namely, that human activity was having severe and negative impacts on the planet, and that patterns of growth and development would be unsustainable if they continued unchecked.

Sustainable development has been defined in many ways, but the most frequently quoted definition is from Our Common Future, also known as the Brundtland Report:

"Sustainable development is development that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs. It contains within it two key concepts:

- The concept of 'needs', in particular, the essential needs of the world's poor, to which overriding priority should be given; and

- The idea of limitations imposed by the state of technology and social organization on the environment's ability to meet present and future needs."

— World Commission on Environment and Development, Our Common Future (1987)

The concept of sustainable development is to find a balance of different needs against an awareness of the environmental, social and economic limitations we face as a society.

Sustainable development is the organizing principle for sustaining finite resources necessary to provide for the needs of present and future generations of life on the planet without undermining the "integrity, stability and beauty" of natural biotic systems.

The mean of the sustainable development is to continue development taking in consideration the safety and the protection of the environment, the best use of natural sources without degrading or endangering natural biotic systems, and ensure the continuity of development in the best conditions for the future generations.

The purpose of the International Conference on Sustainable Development (ICSD 2016) is to bring together researchers, engineers, manufacturers, practitioners and customers from all over the world to share and discuss advances and developments in Sustainable Development.

After the success of the first edition of ICSD in 2015 in Wuhan, Hubei, China, this second ICSD in Xi'an, Shaanxi, China will continue promoting and disseminating knowledge concerning several topics and technologies related to sustainable development.

ICSD 2016 aims to present important results to the international community of sustainable development fields in the form of research, development, applications, design and technology. It is therefore aimed at assisting researchers, scientists, manufacturers, companies, communities, agencies, associations and societies to keep abreast on new developments in their specialist fields and to unite in finding alternative solutions to current issues. The main topics discussed are related to the following areas:

- Environmental science and Engineering,
- Environment protection,
- Renewable energy and sustainable development,
- Energy, Environmental and Sustainable Ecological Development.

We aim by this conference to cover the great part of the recent researches approved in the field of sustainable development and present solutions for the current issues and for the possible future issues.

The Editors

Prof. Abdel Ghani Aissaoui, University of Bechar, Bechar, Algeria
Prof. Bor-Yann Chen, National I-Lan University, Taiwan
Dr. Eunil Park, Korea Institute of Civil Engineering and Building Technology, Korea