Proceedings of the 2015 3rd International Conference on Machinery, Materials and Information Technology Applications

Design of a Heterogeneous QR code for Internet of Things Based on Digital Watermarking Techniques

Authors
Ning Zheng, Shuangli Wu
Corresponding Author
Ning Zheng
Available Online November 2015.
DOI
https://doi.org/10.2991/icmmita-15.2015.136How to use a DOI?
Keywords
Internet of Things; QR code; object identifications; watermark; Discrete Cosine Transform; Quadrature Amplitude Modulation; Discrete Fourier Transform; heterogeneous QR code.
Abstract

A systematic solution based on the design of a heterogeneous code is proposed to promote the unified governance foundation of the existing Internet of Things (IoT). The proposed scheme enables advanced functionalities and maintains the compatibility with applications of the existing identifications (QR code) of things in IoT. The heterogeneous QR code is generated by invoking digital watermarking technique which embed a so called IoT standards code to the QR code. The result has shown that the heterogeneous QR code is backward compatible which implies that the embedding of the standards code does not introduce any reading difficulties to the original QR code. Moreover, a preprocessing scheme based on digital modulation is proposed for the standards code. The result has shown that the preprocessing is capable of enhancing the bit loading capability for standards code when given a fixed length of watermark for the sake of maintaining an acceptable performance.

Copyright
© 2015, the Authors. Published by Atlantis Press.
Open Access
This is an open access article distributed under the CC BY-NC license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/).

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Volume Title
Proceedings of the 2015 3rd International Conference on Machinery, Materials and Information Technology Applications
Series
Advances in Computer Science Research
Publication Date
November 2015
ISBN
978-94-6252-120-9
ISSN
2352-538X
DOI
https://doi.org/10.2991/icmmita-15.2015.136How to use a DOI?
Copyright
© 2015, the Authors. Published by Atlantis Press.
Open Access
This is an open access article distributed under the CC BY-NC license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/).

Cite this article

TY  - CONF
AU  - Ning Zheng
AU  - Shuangli Wu
PY  - 2015/11
DA  - 2015/11
TI  - Design of a Heterogeneous QR code for Internet of Things Based on Digital Watermarking Techniques
BT  - Proceedings of the 2015 3rd International Conference on Machinery, Materials and Information Technology Applications
PB  - Atlantis Press
SP  - 711
EP  - 717
SN  - 2352-538X
UR  - https://doi.org/10.2991/icmmita-15.2015.136
DO  - https://doi.org/10.2991/icmmita-15.2015.136
ID  - Zheng2015/11
ER  -