Proceedings of 1st International Conference of Law and Justice - Good Governance and Human Rights in Muslim Countries: Experiences and Challenges (ICLJ 2017)

Negotiating State, Religion and Human Rights: Debate in the Indonesian Constitutional Court

Authors
Rumadi
Corresponding Author
Rumadi
Available Online November 2017.
DOI
https://doi.org/10.2991/iclj-17.2018.17How to use a DOI?
Keywords
Negotiating State; Religion; Human Rights; Pancasila; Marriage Law; Indonesia;
Abstract
One of the crucial issues in countries with a Muslim majority, not to mention Indonesia, is the relationship between the religion and the state. Although Pancasila and the Constitution (UUD 1945) are claimed final, it does not mean that the position of religion, state, and human rights is also final. Practically, the state, religion and human rights negotiate one another, and sometimes even create tension. Here, the negotiations between religion, state, and human rights are not only in political forums such as House of Representatives but also in the Constitutional Court sessions. Debate and argument contestation often occur in the forums. This article aims at identifying debate and argument contestation in the Constitutional Court. In theory, it focuses on two issues: 1) freedom of religion and belief; and 2) Marriage law. The result of the study argues that the Constitutional Court's decision, especially regarding the relationship among religion, state, and human rights, is based not only on legal considerations but also on non-legal considerations. According to this argument, negotiations and contestations among the three will always continue as Indonesia is neither one religion-based state nor a secular state that does not profess a religion at all.
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This is an open access article distributed under the CC BY-NC license.

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Cite this article

TY  - CONF
AU  - Rumadi
PY  - 2017/11
DA  - 2017/11
TI  - Negotiating State, Religion and Human Rights: Debate in the Indonesian Constitutional Court
BT  - 1st International Conference of Law and Justice - Good Governance and Human Rights in Muslim Countries: Experiences and Challenges (ICLJ 2017)
PB  - Atlantis Press
SN  - 2352-5398
UR  - https://doi.org/10.2991/iclj-17.2018.17
DO  - https://doi.org/10.2991/iclj-17.2018.17
ID  - Rumadi2017/11
ER  -