Proceedings of the 5th International Conference on Health Sciences (ICHS 2018)

HbA1c as Glycemic Control is Associated with Triglycerides Levels in Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus

Authors
Retno Martini Widhyasih, Siti Evi Nurshofi
Corresponding Author
Retno Martini Widhyasih
Available Online November 2019.
DOI
https://doi.org/10.2991/ichs-18.2019.31How to use a DOI?
Keywords
HbA1c, Triglycerides, Type 2 DM
Abstract
Based on WHO data in 2017, around 150 million people suffer from diabetes mellitus worldwide and it is estimated that this number can double by 2025. Most of this increase will occur in developing countries due to population growth, aging, unhealthy diets, obesity and sedentary lifestyle. Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus (DM) is a metabolic disorder that is marked by the rise in blood sugar due to a decrease in insulin secretion by pancreatic beta cells. The causes of microvascular and macrovascular complications in DM are chronic hyperglycemia that is measured by Hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) as a control, and the risk factors to be proven, namely serum lipid levels, especially triglycerides which increase in dyslipidemia. Therefore hyperglycemia and dyslipidemia should be reduced, so that the number of microvascular and macrovascular complications in DM patients can be slowed down. The purpose of this study is to measure HbA1c as glycemic control were associated with triglycerides levels in type 2 DM. The method used was cross sectional design conducted by taking 90 data patients who performed HbA1c and triglycerides concurrently at Tarakan Hospital in Central Jakarta in 2017. It was found in 80 patients (88.9%) with age above 45 years, the average HbA1c level was 8% which showed poor control and the mean level of triglycerides above the reference was 170 mg/dL. An increase in triglyceride levels as well as an increase in HbA1c levels is a poor indicator of glycemic control. Based on the results of statistical tests, there was a significant correlation (p value = 0,000) between HbA1c and triglycerides with a positive correlation direction (r = 0,594). It can be concluded, the worse the HbA1c control, the higher triglyceride levels in the blood so that patients with diabetes mellitus must carry out glycemic control regularly to prevent complications.
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Proceedings
5th International Conference on Health Sciences (ICHS 2018)
Part of series
Advances in Health Sciences Research
Publication Date
November 2019
ISBN
978-94-6252-824-6
ISSN
2468-5739
DOI
https://doi.org/10.2991/ichs-18.2019.31How to use a DOI?
Open Access
This is an open access article distributed under the CC BY-NC license.

Cite this article

TY  - CONF
AU  - Retno Martini Widhyasih
AU  - Siti Evi Nurshofi
PY  - 2019/11
DA  - 2019/11
TI  - HbA1c as Glycemic Control is Associated with Triglycerides Levels in Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus
BT  - 5th International Conference on Health Sciences (ICHS 2018)
PB  - Atlantis Press
SP  - 220
EP  - 225
SN  - 2468-5739
UR  - https://doi.org/10.2991/ichs-18.2019.31
DO  - https://doi.org/10.2991/ichs-18.2019.31
ID  - Widhyasih2019/11
ER  -