Trade Reforms and Integration of Cocoa Farmers into World Markets: Evidence from African and non-African Countries
- Komi Tsowou1, *, Samuel K. Gayi21Regional Integration and Trade Division, United Nations Economic Commission for Africa (UNECA), Addis Ababa, Ethiopia2Formally, Special Unit on Commodities, United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD), Geneva, Switzerland*Corresponding author. Email: firstname.lastname@example.org
- Corresponding Author
- Komi Tsowou
- https://doi.org/10.2991/jat.k.190916.001How to use a DOI?
- Cocoa markets, farmers, price transmission, error correction model
The paper analyses cocoa farmers’ integration into global markets taking into account trade reforms in five cocoa producing countries. The analysis investigates price transmission mechanisms from world to domestic cocoa markets in the context of trade liberalizing policy reforms. The empirical analysis of this study is carried out within the framework of the Error Correction Model. The results, while being mixed, suggest that the reforms have increased the exposure of farmers to world cocoa markets. However, this development is not associated with significant increases in the share of the world price accruing to farmers in cocoa major producing countries. For a sustainable cocoa economy, policies that create an enabling environment for farmers are critical.
- © 2019 African Export-Import Bank. Publishing services by Atlantis Press International B.V.
- Open Access
- This is an open access article distributed under the CC BY-NC 4.0 license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/).
Cite this article
TY - JOUR AU - Komi Tsowou AU - Samuel K. Gayi PY - 2019 DA - 2019/09 TI - Trade Reforms and Integration of Cocoa Farmers into World Markets: Evidence from African and non-African Countries JO - Journal of African Trade SN - 2214-8523 UR - https://doi.org/10.2991/jat.k.190916.001 DO - https://doi.org/10.2991/jat.k.190916.001 ID - Tsowou2019 ER -