Artery Research

In Press, Corrected Proof, Available Online: 8 January 2021

Homebased Standing Core Exercise Training Improves Femoral Blood Flow but not Arterial Stiffness in Middle-Aged to Older Adults

Authors
Hsin-Fu Lin1, *, ORCID, Soun-Cheng Wang2, Hao-Min Cheng3, 4, ORCID, Jun Sugawara5
1Department of Athletics, National Taiwan University, No 1, Sec 4, Roosevelt Rd., Taipei 10617, Taiwan
2Department of Athletic Sport, National Chung Cheng University, Chiayi, Taiwan
3Department of Medicine, National Yang-Ming University School of Medicine, Taipei, Taiwan
4Center for Evidence-based Medicine, Taipei Veterans General Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan
5Human Informatics Research Institute, National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology, Tsukuba, Japan
*Corresponding author. Email: hsinfu@ntu.edu.tw
Corresponding Author
Hsin-Fu Lin
Received 13 October 2020, Accepted 15 December 2020, Available Online 8 January 2021.
DOI
https://doi.org/10.2991/artres.k.201222.001How to use a DOI?
Keywords
Aerobic exercise, physical activity, resistance training, trunk
Abstract

Homebased exercise is often advocated to improve physical fitness in the aging population, especially when outdoor activity is not available. Yet we often have a limited understanding of its training effects for clinical uses.

Aim: To investigate a short-term exercise training of standing core exercise on femoral blood flow and vascular hemodynamic changes in middle-aged to the older population.

Methods: A total of 34 middle-aged to older adults were recruited and randomly assigned into walking (M/F = 6/7, age = 66 ± 3 years), core exercise (M/F = 6/6, age = 66 ± 2 years), and the control group (M/F = 4/5, age = 70 ± 3 years). Carotid and brachial blood pressure, Carotid-femoral Pulse Wave Velocity (PWV) and Brachial-ankle PWV (baPWV), femoral blood flow and compliance, leg hemodynamics, as well as aerobic and muscular fitness (30 s arm curl and sit-to-stand test) were measured pre and post 8 weeks of exercise training (60–70% HRmax, three sessions/week).

Results: Core exercise group significantly increased femoral blood flow, but not overall vascular functions; arm muscle endurance and leg power performance were also significantly improved after training. The walking group significantly reduced baPWV, leg resistance, as well as increase femoral blood flow and compliance after training. Compared with the control, the core group elicited a higher femoral blood blow, whereas leg resistance was significantly reduced in the walking group after training.

Conclusion: A short-term standing core training appears to augment femoral blood flow and muscular fitness in middle-aged to older adults, yet walking is more effective in improving overall vascular health in this population.

HIGHLIGHTS
  • Standing core training improves femoral blood flow in middle-aged to older adults.

  • The increase of blood velocity appears to associate with the improvement of blood flow.

  • Walking exercise training is superior to improve overall vascular function.

Copyright
© 2021 The Authors. Publishing services by Atlantis Press International B.V.
Open Access
This is an open access article distributed under the CC BY-NC 4.0 license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/).

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Journal
Artery Research
Publication Date
2021/01
ISSN (Online)
1876-4401
ISSN (Print)
1872-9312
DOI
https://doi.org/10.2991/artres.k.201222.001How to use a DOI?
Copyright
© 2021 The Authors. Publishing services by Atlantis Press International B.V.
Open Access
This is an open access article distributed under the CC BY-NC 4.0 license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/).

Cite this article

TY  - JOUR
AU  - Hsin-Fu Lin
AU  - Soun-Cheng Wang
AU  - Hao-Min Cheng
AU  - Jun Sugawara
PY  - 2021
DA  - 2021/01
TI  - Homebased Standing Core Exercise Training Improves Femoral Blood Flow but not Arterial Stiffness in Middle-Aged to Older Adults
JO  - Artery Research
SN  - 1876-4401
UR  - https://doi.org/10.2991/artres.k.201222.001
DO  - https://doi.org/10.2991/artres.k.201222.001
ID  - Lin2021
ER  -