Artery Research

In Press, Corrected Proof, Available Online: 8 January 2021

Differential Sensitivity of Brachial-Ankle Pulse Wave Velocity and Ankle-Brachial Index for Cardiovascular Risk Assessment in Elderly Chinese: A Cross-Sectional Study

Authors
Guoxiang Fu1, Yuan Zhong1, Fengfeng Pan1, Chanchan Xu2, *, ORCID
1Geriatrics Department, Shanghai Jiaotong University Affiliated Shanghai Sixth People’s Hospital, Shanghai, China
2Department of Internal Medicine, Shanghai Raffles Hospital, Shanghai, China
*Corresponding author. Email: chanchansh@163.com
Corresponding Author
Chanchan Xu
Received 21 August 2020, Accepted 15 December 2020, Available Online 8 January 2021.
DOI
https://doi.org/10.2991/artres.k.201225.002How to use a DOI?
Keywords
Cardiovascular disease, brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity, ankle-brachial index, elderly Chinese, arterial stiffness
Abstract

Background: Brachial-Ankle Pulse Wave Velocity (baPWV) and Ankle-Brachial Index (ABI) are widely used in clinic for evaluating arterial stiffness and atherosclerosis separately. This study aimed to compare the sensitivity of baPWV and ABI for cardiovascular risk assessment in elderly Chinese.

Methods: BaPWV, ABI and Carotid Intima-Media Thickness (cIMT) were assessed in 169 elderly Chinese with the mean age of 85.7 years.

Results: Compared with normotensive participants, baPWV levels elevated in both limbs of hypertensive patients (2219 ± 90 cm/s vs. 1970 ± 66 cm/s, p = 0.090; 2141 ± 52 cm/s vs. 1932 ± 67 cm/s, p = 0.023, separately). Compared with non-diabetes Mellitus (DM) participants, ABI levels declined in both limbs of DM patients (0.96 ± 0.02 vs. 1.05 ± 0.02, p = 0.002 and 0.99 ± 0.03 vs. 1.03 ± 0.02, p = 0.071, separately). ABI of left limbs and ABI of right limbs were negatively correlated to cIMT (R = −0.136, p = 0.090; R = −0.196, p = 0.026, separately) after adjusted by age, systolic pressure, diastolic pressure, body mass index, triglycerides, total cholesterol and low-density lipoprotein. The regression model for predicting Cardiovascular Disease (CVD) included the factors of gender, age, hypertension, baPWV of left limbs and baPWV of right limbs (OR = 6.701, 95% CI 0.911–49.310, p = 0.062; OR = 1.181, 95% CI 1.051–1.327, p = 0.005; OR = 0.214, 95% CI 0.066–0.688, p = 0.010; OR = 1.002, 95% CI 1.000–1.003, p = 0.065; OR = 0.998, 95% CI 0.996–0.999, p = 0.006, separately).

Conclusion: In elderly Chinese, baPWV was elevated in hypertensive patients while ABI was lower in DM patients compared with healthy people. Compared with baPWV, ABI is better equivalent to cIMT. But for predicting the risk of CVD, baPWV is a better biomarker.

Copyright
© 2021 The Authors. Publishing services by Atlantis Press International B.V.
Open Access
This is an open access article distributed under the CC BY-NC 4.0 license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/).

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Journal
Artery Research
Publication Date
2021/01
ISSN (Online)
1876-4401
ISSN (Print)
1872-9312
DOI
https://doi.org/10.2991/artres.k.201225.002How to use a DOI?
Copyright
© 2021 The Authors. Publishing services by Atlantis Press International B.V.
Open Access
This is an open access article distributed under the CC BY-NC 4.0 license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/).

Cite this article

TY  - JOUR
AU  - Guoxiang Fu
AU  - Yuan Zhong
AU  - Fengfeng Pan
AU  - Chanchan Xu
PY  - 2021
DA  - 2021/01
TI  - Differential Sensitivity of Brachial-Ankle Pulse Wave Velocity and Ankle-Brachial Index for Cardiovascular Risk Assessment in Elderly Chinese: A Cross-Sectional Study
JO  - Artery Research
SN  - 1876-4401
UR  - https://doi.org/10.2991/artres.k.201225.002
DO  - https://doi.org/10.2991/artres.k.201225.002
ID  - Fu2021
ER  -