P2.1 AGING AND STRUCTURAL ALTERATIONS OF SUBCUTANEOUS SMALL RESISTANCE ARTERIES IN HYPERTENSIVE PATIENTS
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Background: It was proposed that early vascular ageing may be an important mechanism of vascular damage in large conductance arteries. However it is not known whether aging may also affect small resistance artery morphology.
Patients and methods: For this reason, we investigated 100 patients with essential hypertension. Secondary forms of hypertension were excluded according to standard clinical evaluations and biochemical or instrumental assessments. In all patients, an evaluation of small resistance arteries morphology was performed by wire micromyography. A small amount of subcutaneous tissue was obtained by local biopsy or during election surgery and subcutaneous small resistance arteries were dissected and mounted on a myograph; the media to lumen ratio (M/L) was then measured.
Results: The age range of our population was 22-81 years, with a mean value of 57±12 years; 14% of them were current smokers, 32% had alterations in lipid patterns, none of them had diabetes mellitus, 58 were males and average blood pressure values were 156/95±19/12 mmHg.
We found a significant correlation between M/L and age (r=0.30, p=0.002): the statistical significance of the correlation persisted after correction for confounding variables (gender, serum cholesterol, smoking status, serum glucose, systolic or diastolic blood pressure values). A statistically significant inverse correlation was also observed between internal diameter and age (r=−0.20, p=0.046).
Conclusion: Our data suggest that age may affect microvascular structure in hypertensive patients. It is also possible that hypertension may anticipate the effects of physiological aging, and this should be explored in a relatively large population of normotensive subjects.
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TY - JOUR AU - Carolina De Ciuceis AU - Claudia Rossini AU - Claudia Agabiti Rosei AU - Enzo Porteri AU - Alice Gavazzi AU - Stefano Caletti AU - Paola Pileri AU - Maria Antonietta Coschignano AU - Enrico Agabiti Rosei AU - Damiano Rizzoni* PY - 2015 DA - 2015/11 TI - P2.1 AGING AND STRUCTURAL ALTERATIONS OF SUBCUTANEOUS SMALL RESISTANCE ARTERIES IN HYPERTENSIVE PATIENTS JO - Artery Research SP - 6 EP - 6 VL - 12 IS - C SN - 1876-4401 UR - https://doi.org/10.1016/j.artres.2015.10.209 DO - https://doi.org/10.1016/j.artres.2015.10.209 ID - DeCiuceis2015 ER -